War Diaries of 

8th (King's Royal Irish) Hussars

1943

 

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January 1943

Commanding Officer: Lt Col C Goulburn

Place Date Hour Summary of Events and Information References to Appendices

General

HQ, A and C Sqns located in billets at Kondea, Cyprus until 19 Jan, when they were joined by A Sqn and reinforcements to complete to war establishment.

Whole unit together and up to strength for first time since 26 May 42.

Following vehicles were allotted to the unit. It did not correspond to the WE, owing to the limited amount of transport in Cyprus :-

45 Armd Cs

13 Carriers Bren

33 MCs

2 Cars 4-str

2 Trucks 8cwt

20 Trucks 15cwt

2 Trucks 15cwt water

9 Lorries 30cwt

11 Lorries 3-ton

  1 Jan 43   The above vehicles were drawn up during the first three weeks of the month.  
      For the first four days of the month the unit was busy drawing accommodation and other stores, consequent on arriving in a new area and a new command.  
      Officers are accommodated in billets, ORs all in huts.  
      Unit is under command Brig Moffat HQ 20 Ind Inf Bde of 1st Ind Div (commander Maj Gen Blaxhand).  
      Higher formation is XXV Corps (commander Lt Gen Hughes).  
  2 Jan 43   2RGH personnel posted to 8H joined details at Sidi Bishr  
  4 Jan 43   CO issued Training Instruction No 2.  
  7 Jan 43   Maj Gwyn lectured at Bde HQ ‘Eye-witness Account of Operations on Himeimat Front Sep - Nov 42’.  
  8 Jan 43   D&M and WT classes, run regimentally, recommenced.  
  11 Jan 43   Troop training-cum-driving instruction by B and C Sqns commenced.  
      Training Instruction No 3 (Wireless Training) issued by CO.  
  12 Jan 43   Lecture by CO to all officers and senior NCOs ‘Recce by Armoured Cars in Close Country’.  
  14 Jan 43   CO and Maj Huth attended conference at Bde HQ, ‘Mountain Warfare’.  
  19 Jan 43   Maj Phillips and rear party, consisting of A Sqn and reinforcements, arrived by SS ‘Fouadieh’ at Famagusta at 0800hrs.  
      Fourteen officers and 282 ORs disembarked, including two officers and 100 ORs from 2RGH and two officers and 38 ORs from other sources.  
     

List of officers who disembarked:-

 

Maj J W Phillips

Maj G W G Threlfall

Capt H H Firth

Capt M E Harari

Capt P H Wagstaffe

Lt R H Ames    Posted to 8H 1 Jan 43

Lt R H Anstey

Lt J N Lombard

Lt A V Case

Lt J E Chapman

Lt J Wharton    From 2RGH posted 8H 7 Jan

Lt C J G Meade            From 2RGH posted 8H 7 Jan

Lt A J Hind       Late 13/18H posted 8H 12 Jan

Lt L Preston      Late Inns of Court posted 8H 12 Jan

Four Daimler armoured cars arrived with above party.

 
  20 Jan 43   Capt J A G Ladenburg appointed Adjutant vice Capt P H Wagstaffe, who went to C Sqn as 2IC.  
      A Sqn drawing up vehicles and settling in from 20-23 Jan.  
  23 Jan 43   Demonstration by 61 Fd Coy ( Madras ) SM on mine lifting; attended by all officers. Lt D S Scott and Lt Hon R D G Winn (posted to 8H on 23 Jan) arrived Famagusta with seven ORs.  
  24 Jan 43   Copy of AFW3008 and 3009 attached  
      Capt Firth took over HQ Sqn from Capt Mills and promoted Major wef this date.  
  25 Jan 43   Squadron leaders’ conference. Agenda: Promotion of NCOs  
      A Sqn commenced troop training.  
  27 Jan 43   CO, Capt Mills and Capt Heycock RMO attended Bde TEWT on ‘jungle warfare’.  
  29 Jan 43   Regimental parade. Practice turn-out and drive past for Corps Commander’s inspection on 1 Feb.  
  30 Jan 43   Ordered by Brigade at 1400hrs to find two armoured car patrols on coastal roads: (i) Famagusta - Boghaz (ii) Famagusta - Larnanca., owing to shelling of Cape Andreas (Panhandle) by enemy submarine. Two troops found by A and B Sqns respectively. Nothing seen.  
  31 Jan 43   One troop found by C Sqn; recce all day coast road Famagusta - Boghaz.  
      Corps Commander’s inspection of unit to be held tomorrow, cancelled owing to arrival in island of Mr Winston Churchill after his conference in Turkey .  
      Copy of AFW3008 and 3009 attached  

 

February 1943

Commanding Officer: Lt Col C Goulburn

Place Date Hour Summary of Events and Information References to Appendices
  1 Feb 43  

Distribution of officers attached.

 

Nominal Roll of Officers

RHQ                                             HQ Sqn

T/Lt Col C Goulburn   CO        A/Maj H H Firth                OC

WS/Maj J W Phillips    2IC       T/Capt T M Mills               2IC

T/Capt J A G Ladenburg  AdjtT/Capt N D A Hall             Tech Offr

WS/Lt A R Newman   IO         WS/Lt F E Adams               RTO

WS/Lt M C Walker       RSO      Lt(QM) E O’Malley           QM

 

                                        A Sqn                                                 B Sqn

OC                     T/Maj G W G Threlfall                                T/Maj J W Gwyn

2IC                     WS/Capt M E Harari                                   T/Capt J R Robertson

1Tp                    WS/Lt J E Chapman (Carrier Tp)                 WS/Lt R H Ames

2Tp                    WS/Lt R P G Dill                                         WS/Lt L Preston

3Tp                    WS/Lt A V Case                                          

4Tp                    WS/Lt R H Anstey                                       WS/Lt G V Bates

5Tp                    WS/Lt A J Hind                                           WS/Lt C J G Meade (Carrier Tp)

6Tp                    WS/Lt R D G Winn (Close Recce) WS/Lt J N Lombard (Close Recce)                                                        

C Sqn

T/Maj P H Huth           OC

T/Capt P H Wagstaffe 2IC

WS/Lt D S Scott           2Tp

WS/Lt F J E Hurst         3TP (Carrier Tp)           

WS/Lt J A S Hepburn 4Tp

WS/Lt J Wharton         5Tp

WS/Lt H R D Pegler     6Tp (Close Recce)

 

Throughout the month troop training was carried out.

Strength of Unit

ORs                                                                          Officers

In Cyprus                       456       31 and 2 att (MO and Padre)

Courses etc, Egypt          32

Hospital , Cyprus             10

                                        Total    498

 
     

List of Officers

                            Lt Col C Goulburn

                            Maj J W Phillips

                            Maj G W G Threlfall

                            Maj P H Huth

                            Maj J W Gwyn

                            Maj H H Firth

                            Capt M E Harari

                            Capt N D A Hall

                            Capt P H Wagstaffe

                            Capt T M Mills

                            Capt J Robertson

                            Capt J A G Ladenburg

                            Lt F E Adams

                            Lt R H Ames

                            Lt J E Chapman

                            Lt A R Newman

                            Lt H R D Pegler

                            Lt G V Bates

                            Lt M C Walker

                            Lt A V Case

                            Lt D S Scott

                            Lt J N Lombard

                            Lt R P G Dill

                            Lt F J E Hurst

                            Lt R H Anstey

                            Lt J A S Hepburn

                            Lt C J G Meade

                            Lt J Wharton

                            Lt A J Hind

                            Lt L Preston

                            Lt Hon R D G Winn

                            Lt(QM) E O’Malley

 

                            Capt J B Heycock                                         MO

                            Capt Rev F L Hone                   Padre

 

 
     

Corps Commander’s inspection of unit cancelled at short notice, owing to sudden arrival of Mr Winston Churchill in Cyprus .

 
  2 Feb 43  

Squadron leaders’ conference.

 
  4 Feb 43  

CO lectured all officers and troop sergeants on ‘Organisation, Role and Handling of the Close Recce Troop in the Armoured Car Squadron’.

 
  6 Feb 43  

All officers attended lecture by Corps Commander, Lt Gen I T P Hughes DSO MC, in Nicosia . Subject: ‘Conditions in Cyprus ; Relations between Military and Civil; Welfare of Troops; Training and Maintaining the Offensive Spirit’.

 
     

Signal arrived from 4 Lt Armd Bde that Tpr Weir had been awarded an immediate DCM for action when Maj Harbord was killed.

 
  8 Feb 43  

CO lectured whole Regiment on regimental history.

 
  11 Feb 43  

CO, 2IC and squadron leaders on Brigade TEWT - Defence of western plain. Director : Brig Moffatt, Comd 10 Armd Bde.

 
  13 Feb 43  

Corps Comd, Lt Gen Hughes, inspected the Regiment.

 
  15 Feb 43  

2IC gave second lecture on regimental history. All ranks attended.

 
  16 Feb 43  

CO and five officers attended Brigade TEWT. CO gave lecture to all officers and troop sergeants in the evening. Subject: Flank guards. Lecture followed by discussion on contact drill.

 
  19 Feb 43  

RQMS Spooner proceeded to Egypt to await posting to Home Establishment - seventeen years with Regiment.

 
     

CO and Adjt attended all-day discussion on ‘The Target and Interim Garrisons of the Island ’, conducted by the Corps Commander at HQ XXV Corps.

 
  20 Feb 43  

Lt Tisdall and seventeen ORs arrived from mainland.

 
     

CO, two officers and six sergeants attended umpires’ conference and recce of ground for 7th Div exercise.

 
  21 Feb 43  

Detachment of eighteen officers and 200 ORs attended ceremonial Church Parade at Nicosia Stadium, to pay homage to Russian dead. Detachment commander Maj Phillips, 2IC. CO represented Brigade Commander in Governor’s stand. Salute taken by Colonial Secretary, Mr Shaw, and Corps Commander, Lt Gen Hughes.

 
     

Three officers proceeded on seven-days minelifting course.

 
  22 Feb 43  

Capt Mills proceeded to mainland to attend course at Junior Staff School Sarafand.

 
  24 Feb 43  

Funeral of Tpr Harley at Nicosia cemetery

 
  25 Feb 43  

CO conducted Brigade TEWT ‘To Study the Handling of an Armd C Sqn’.

 
  26 Feb 43  

CO gave lecture to certain NCOs on ‘Contact Umpires’.

 
  27 Feb 43  

Squadron leaders’ conference.

 
     

One officer and four NCOs proceeded as umpires on three-day exercise of 7th Div.

 

 

March 1943

Commanding Officer: Lt Col C Goulburn

Place Date Hour Summary of Events and Information References to Appendices
  1 Mar 43   Throughout March the Regiment remained at Kondea carrying out squadron training, with two regimental signal exercises towards the end of the month.  
      Heavy rain and floods stopped all movement of vehicles off main roads for ten days. This interfered with squadron exercises  
     

Strength of the unit:-

                                                      ORs                                                   Offrs

                                        A Sqn   120                     Cyprus      32 and 2 att (MO & Padre)

                                        B Sqn   122                     Mainland   2 Base Depot; course

                                        C Sqn   110                                                      Junior Staff School

                                        Cyprus courses                11

                                        Mainland courses            22

                                                      Total                 483

 
     

XXV Corps ordered the Regiment to find one squadron at 30mins notice at all times wef this date, as part of the island defence scheme, to deal with any minor landing or attack of installations by paratroops.

 
  2 Mar 43  

CO, Lts Lombard and Winn, six WOs and sergeants, nine LCpls, away from unit until evening 5 Mar. Umpiring on 1st Ind Div exercise in hill country NW of Larnaca.

 
  5 Mar 43   CO returned from exercise 1700hrs. Snow, turning to heavy rain.  
  6-7 Mar 43   Heavy rain rendered much of country impassable.  
  10 Feb 43   Brigade Commander (Brig Moffatt), accompanied by CO, watched B Sqn training in country between Famagusta and Larnaca. Squadron exercise set by CO.  
      Regimental boxing tournament in afternoon.  
  11 Mar 43   Brigade lecture at KT on ‘Role of a Field Regiment in Support of an Armoured Brigade’, by officer of 97 Fd Regt (KY). All available officers attended.  
  12 Mar 43  

Regimental B Echelon exercise commenced 1400hrs. Director : CO; Assistant Director : Maj Firth. To practise:-

(i)      Movement by second-class road to Larnaca, practising driving and road discipline.

(ii)     Night march from Larnaca through hill country on  second-class road to night leaguer.

(iii)    Defence of leaguer against attack by paratroops at dawn, firing live ammunition.

(iv)    Move by day into day leaguer positions, and camouflaging of vehicles in leaguer.

 
  13 Mar 43   B Echelon exercise terminated 1300hrs. Heavy rain 1300hrs until evening 14 Mar.  
  15 Mar 43  

Demonstration by ‘demonstration troop’, ie three Daimler cars. Troop commander Lt Wharton; Director Maj Phillips. Fighting echelon of all squadrons attended. Loudspeaker broadcast. Place: on main road Kondea - Famagusta . Two demonstrations were given:-

                                        (i)          Advance by the troop along road. Contact is made with                                           enemy A Tk gun. Contact drill.

                                        (ii)         Tp taking up position of observation. The standing patrol.

 
  16 Mar 43   B and C Sqn exercise set by CO. Area, eastern plain. Heavy rain on tracks already very wet, resulted in six vehicles becoming bogged. These vehicles were not got out until three days later, when weather improved.  
  17 Mar 43   St Patrick’s Day. Regimental holiday. Heavy rain from 1400hrs onwards.  
  19 Mar 43   Regimental wireless exercise. General Idea: British force landed at Famagusta moving towards Nicosia . 8H doing right flank guard against enemy located to Kyrenia hills.  
  20-21 Mar 43   Violent rainstorms.  
  22 Mar 43  

Regimental B Echelon exercise commenced 0900hrs. Director : CO; Asst Director : Maj Firth. To practise:-

                                        (i)          Two vehicle convoys meeting and passing where one        squadron is already halted on side of road. Carried out on road  Kondea - Lefkoniko.

                                        (ii)         Daylight leaguer by squadrons on North coast road East of Kyrenia.

                                        (iii)        Battle practice and firing of live ammunition by B Echelon                                   personnel.

                                        (iv)        A night march into squadron night leaguer areas.

 
      Squadron minelifting courses commenced. Each squadron has the use of training mines for two days. Chief Instructor: Lt Newman, Intelligence Officer.  
  23 Mar 43   B Echelon terminated 1000hrs.  
      Regimental WT exercise for RHQ and all armoured cars in squadrons fitted with wireless. General Idea: 8H covering a landing at Famagusta , occupies line of observation Lefkoniko - Larnaca. 8H advances West as covering troops to the force.  
  24 Mar 43   WT exercise. RHQ and squadron rear links only. Max RT distance obtained on No 19 Sets: 36 miles.  
  25 Mar 43   300 ORs of the unit attended a training film and demonstration of tough tactics, at cinema - Famagusta .  
      CO attended conference at 1st Ind Div HQ on forthcoming exercise TOUGH.  
  26 Mar 43   Notification that SSM Atkins and LCpl Scrugham had obtained periodical awards of MM  
  27 Mar 43   Lt Col Charlton arrived from Arab Legion to carry out attachment to the Regiment for six weeks.  
  29 Mar 43  

B Sqn exercise set by CO. Area Trikomo and NE into ‘Panhandle’. To practise:-

                                        (i)          Control of squadron moving on two roads.

                                        (ii)         Concentration of close recce tp at roadblock to recce block and attack.

                                        (iii)        Standing patrols in mountainous country, consisting each of one Armd C tp and one sec close recce tp.

                                        B Sqn remained out night 29/30.

                                        3ins Mortar course commenced for three NCOs from each close recce tp. Instructor: Sergeant from Kings Own.

                                        C Sqn training. Night out 29/30. North coast area.

 
  30 Mar 43   A Sqn exercise set by CO. A Sqn moving East across eastern plain on four-troop frontage. Wireless silence except to report arrival on bounds. Sqn on ten-mile front.  
      A Sqn night out 30/31. Salamis Forest .  
      C Sqn night out 30/31.  
  31 Mar 43   A and C Sqn exercise set by CO. A Sqn advancing West, C Sqn East. Both covering soft vehicles, whose role it is to pick up paratroops dropped inside the frontier of the other side’s state. Both squadrons on twelve-mile front.  

 

 

8th Hussars Operational Instruction No 2

(Movement to Concentration Area)

 
     
Ref map Cyprus ½ins.

SECRET

 
   

Copy No 11

     

This instruction supersedes operational Instruction No 1 dated 12 Jan 43, which will be destroyed by fire and certificate to that effect rendered to this HQ.

 

1.         Information

             10 Armd Bde

             Composition:

                         Force HQ (HQ 20 Ind Inf Bde & Sigs)

                         4H less one sqn (under comd 7th Div)

                         8H less one sqn

                         470 Fd Bty RA

                         3GR (trucked)

                         Det Fd Coy RE

                         A Coy 21 Fd Amb (less det).

 

2.         Role

             Striking force but prepared to operate in small groups to deal with airborne troops.

 

3.         Intention

             8th Hussars will move to battle position areas when ordered.

 

4.         Method

             Degrees of readiness will be as follows:-

(a) ACTION CODEWORD ACTION TO BE TAKEN
BATTLE POSITIONS WELLINGTON

(a)    Surplus baggage, stores & personnel will move to Keep L (MALCURDA R. 5756)  

(b)    8H less “A” Sqn will move at once to battle posns. I.e. STROVOLOS S.0366 or WAYES KEEP R.932690 whichever is ordered.  

(c)     On arrival battle posn. area, one Sqdn will remain at 30 minutes readiness for action.  Remainder at 3 hrs notice.  

(d)  B.1. Ech. Will accompany sqdns. On move the battle posn. areas.

 

(e)  Normal ground and air sentries in battle posn. areas will be maintained throughout the 24 hours  

(f)  On completion (a) above, B Ech, less “A” Sqdn will be brigaded and move under orders B.T.O.  

(g)  “A” Sqdn will come under command 7 Div. 

 

ACTION STATIONS HAIG All tps man battle stations, i.e. crews man vehicles, for instant action against enemy

 

5.         Codewords will be understood by all and action will be taken immediately on receipt of them at any hour of the day or night.

6.         While either of the above degrees of readiness is in force, sqns will be prepared to deal with enemy paratroops in their immediate neighbourhood.

7.         In event of a Det Gp being formed to deal with isolated bodies of enemy, C Sqn will form part of this force, which will be known as LENCOL.

             Composition LENCOL:

                         Comd              4H

                         Tps                  B Sqn 4H (cruisers)

                                                  One Sqn 8H

                                                   One Tp 470 Fd Bty RA

                                                  One Coy 3GR.

Codeword for formation of this group - LEMON.

8.         Tracings showing demolitions and roadblocks will NOT be reproduced and every effort will be made to prevent them falling into enemy hands.

9.         If capture of a vehicle by the enemy appears imminent or unavoidable, it is primary duty of all ranks to destroy vehicle rather than allow it to fall into enemy hands.

10.       Administration

Adm Appx to 8H OO No 1 dated 21 Jan 43. Amend as follows:

             (1)        Para 1. Cancel except last line. ‘Non-runner Armd Cs will be evacuated to VRP Strovolos B0266’.

             (2)        Para 3. POL. For ‘100 miles’ read ‘160 miles’.

             (3)        Para 6. For ‘7 days’ read ‘3 days’. For ‘Sqns’ read ‘each vehicle’.

11.       Intercommunication

By WT and DR.

Callsigns, map ref, codes and WT codes, as in force.

 

ACKNOWLEDGE

 

Field   

(Sgd) ??????? Lt Col

March 43  

Commanding 8th KRI Hussars

     
Distribution List    

Copy No 1    A Sqn

   
                 2   B Sqn    
                 3   C Sqn    
                 4   HQ Sqn    
                 5   Comd    
                 6   IO    
                 7   Sigs Offr    
                 8   QM    
                 9   Tech Offr    
                 10  File    
                 11-12 War Diary    
     

 

Adm Appx to 8H Op Instr No 2 dated 17 Mar 43

     

Ref map Cyprus ½ins.

 

SECRET
   

Copy No 12

   

24 March 43

     

This adm appx supersedes adm appx dated 21 Jan 43 to 8H OO No 1 dated 12 Jan 43, which will be destroyed by fire and certificate to this effect rendered to this HQ.

 

1.         It is likely that prior warning will be given before battle posns are ordered. In which case, action will be as follows:

             (i)         Surplus baggage and stores to Malcurda R5756, accompanied by personnel less (ii) below.

             (ii)        Spare Armd C crews to [illegible] 0158.

             (iii)       Nonrunner Armd Cs to VRP Strovolos S0366.

If Battle Posns or Action Stations is received without any prior warning, surplus baggage, stores and spare personnel will remain present location.

 

2.         Amn

Full echs as per G1098. Res carried as follows: B1 1/3 res; B2/B3 2/3 res.

 

3.         POL

Full tanks and 130 miles to be carried as follows: B1 80 miles; B2/B3 100 miles.

 

4.         Water

Water trucks full. To be regarded as unit res for refilling 2-gall containers if necessary. 2-gall containers to be carried full on scale one container to one man. Replenishment from waterbottles if opened, or from local resources. Sqns will carry chlorinating powder.

 

5.         Sups

             (i)         Unexpired portion of day’s ration and three days battle ration will be carried on every vehicle.

             (ii)        Balance of battle rations for personnel proceeding to Malcurda etc will be handed in to FMC Malcurda.

 

6.         Maintenance Policy

             (i)         Normal maintenance will be continued as long as possible. B Ech will draw direct from FMCs, supplemented where necessary by 2nd Line RASC.

             (ii)        FMCs are located as follows:

                                                                                                            Amn                 Sup                               

             POL

             No 1 FMC - ???????? R890580                R878564             R885545         R895553

             No 2 FMC - ???????? R786560                R785550             R783573         R781562

             No 3 FMC - Troodos  R590410                R624410             R589411         (R620348

 

             (R550349

             No 4 FMC - ???????? R150740                R155735             R148742         R153745

             Limited stocks of sups and amn are held in Keeps.

             (iii)       When drawing from FMC or Keeps, B Ech will refill completely.

 

7.         B Ech. B Ech tpt will remain with unit and under unit comd until ordered to come under Bde comd.

             Bde B Ech comd will be the senior unit B Ech comd.

 

8.         Med

Permanent MRSs are established at:

             (i)         ???????? S090825

             (ii)        ????????  R6249

             (iii)       ????????  R877535.

9.         Rec

             (i)         All towable vehicles which cannot be got going by sqn fitters will be recovered by sqns onto nearest main road. These, and non-towables, will be reported to RHQ.

             (ii)        Battle stations of wksps as follows:

                         2nd Line - 90 Bde Larnaca

                                          10 Bde ????????

                                                                             25 Bde Strovolos.

                         3rd Line - 3 Indep ????????  (0153).

 

10.       PWs

All PWs to Bde HQ.

 

11.       Traffic and Pro

             (i)         Lighting - normally no lights.

             (ii)        One MC per sqn will report Regtl Pro Sgt for pro duties.

 

12.       Liaison with Civil Authorities

To be done through civil LO at Bde HQ.

 

ACK.

 

Field   

(Sgd) J A G Ladenburg

24 Mar 43  

Lt Col

   

Commanding 8th KRI Hussars

     
Distribution List    

Copy No 1    A Sqn

   
                 2   B Sqn    
                 3   C Sqn    
                 4   HQ Sqn    
                 5   Comd    
                 6   IO    
                 7   Sigs Offr    
                 8   QM    
                 9   Tech Offr    
                 10  File    
                 11-12 War Diary    
     

 

Appx A issued to this HQ letter No 283 dated 24 Mar 43

 

Amdt No 1            Para 1. After ‘A Coy 21 Fd Amb (less det)’, add ‘Tp 115 Lt AA Bty (six Bofors)’.

Amdt No 2            Para 4(a)(a) Add ‘Spare Armd C crews will proceed to [illegible] (0158)’.

Amdt No 3            Para 4(a)(f) Delete and substitute new para: ‘On completion (a) above B Ech less A Sqn will remain with unit until ordered to move under Bde comd’.

Amdt No 4            Para 4(a). Add sub-para (h):

             ‘(h)             One tp from Regt less A Sqn will move [illegible] (0865) and come under comd XXV Corps on arrival’.

Amdt No 5            Para 4(a). Add sub-para (j):

             ‘(j)              If [illegible] is ordered, one sqn less one tp only will proceed to [illegible] one sqn still proceed to [illegible] one tp to [illegible] (see 4(b) above).

             Sqn less one tp to [illegible] area main road 9265. Route - main rd - [illegible] to 072687 - bypass to 073668 - to 053667 - 053650 - 027662.

 

 

 

April 1943

Commanding Officer: Lt Col C Goulburn

Place Date Hour Summary of Events and Information References to Appendices
  1 Apr 43   The main events of the month were two Corps exercises, TIGER and TOUGH.  
      TIGER consisted in the move to, and occupation of, battle positions which will be manned in the event of an enemy invasion of the island.  
      TOUGH consisted of large-scale manoeuvres, lasting ten days, in the hill country in the western half of the island.  
      The end of the month found the Regiment still in Kondea  
     

Strength of unit:

 

ORs                                34 offrs and three att.

                                        A Sqn            117

                                        B Sqn            127

                                        C Sqn            113

                                        HQ Sqn        100

                            Det Cyprus                    3

                            Courses                       27 (mainland)

                                        Total            487

 
      Maj Gwyn and Lt Col Charlton, Arab Legion, who is on attachment to 8H for six weeks, attended discussion held by Corps HQ, on mountain warfare.  
      Lt Adams proceeded to mainland to take over Base Details at Abbassia from Lt McClintock.  
  2 Apr 43   CO and Adjutant attended discussion at Corps HQ on the island defence scheme and the plan to defeat invasion.  
      Regimental cadre class on 3ins infantry mortar finished one week’s course and gave demonstration of firing mortar.  
  5 Apr 43   Maj Gen Moorhead DAG GHQ, accompanied by Corps Comd, visited unit. Various A matters discussed.  
      Exercise TIGER commenced by receipt of codeword at 1440hrs. 8H less A Sqn moved to battle position at Waynes Keep, becoming part of the mobile armoured reserve known as CRUSADER FORCE. A Sqn remained Kondea, coming under comd 7th Div and forming part of Eastern striking force.  
  6 Apr 43   Unit remained at Waynes Keep all day, vehicles under camouflage nets.  
  7 Apr 43   TIGER ended 1245hrs. Unit returned to Kondea.  
  8 Apr 43   CO attended comds’ conference at HQ 1st Ind Div on Exercise TOUGH.  
      D-Day TOUGH.  
  9 Apr 43   D+1 day TOUGH.  
      Maj Dunne and 20 ORs arrived from mainland. Maj Dunne was wounded in Nov 41 and had only recently been medically graded A.  
  10 Apr 43   D+2 day TOUGH.  
      B Sqn moved off after dusk to Akaki, coming under comd 10 Ind Inf Bde.  
  11 Apr 43   D+3 day TOUGH.  
      8H, less A and B Sqns, moved to concentration areas for TOUGH, after dark, as follows:-  
      RHQ area HQ 1st Ind Div Athalassa; C Sqn area Malounda; A Sqn came under comd 7th Div and remained Kondea until 12 Apr.  
  12 Apr 43   TOUGH. Role of 8H, less A and B Sqns, with 9 Fd Coy under comd, Div res. Tasks:  
   

 

Delay any enemy movement across frontier on roads

Palekhori - Malounda and Kato Moni - Malounda.

 
      Patrolling on above roads as far West as Khandria and Kato Moni.  
      Role of 10 Ind Inf Bde with B Sqn 8H under comd: Initially to capture J Keeps and Amiandos area. Subsequently, in conjunction with 7th Div, capture Paphos.  
      Role of 7th Div with A Sqn 8H under comd: Capture Limassol and advance along coastal plain to capture Paphos.  
  14 Apr 43   TOUGH. War declared 1800hrs.  
  15 Apr 43   TOUGH. C Sqn in contact with enemy all day Palekhori.  
  16 Apr 43   TOUGH. Enemy withdrew from Palekhori night 15/16. C Sqn followed up. Heavy rain on mountain roads made movement most difficult.  
      B Sqn reverted to comd 8H and moved into res at Athalassa.  
  17 Apr 43   TOUGH. One tp B Sqn (Lt Preston) came under comad 10 Ind Inf Bde and returned to area Amiandos.  
      C Sqn, having cleared up situation in area Khandria during night 16/17 and early morning 17, came into res in area Athalassa.  
  18 Apr 43   TOUGH. 8H, less A Sqn and one tp B Sqn, in res area Athalassa.  
  19 Apr 43   TOUGH. B Sqn moved out at first light to area Lefka. Role: prevent any attempt by enemy to debouch from area Lefka into Morphou Plain.  
      B Sqn in contact with CVF (enemy) from 0900hrs until termination of exercise on 21 Apr.  
  20 Apr 43   TOUGH. C Sqn moved out at first light. Role: Standing patrols on coast from Kyrenia westwards to observe any possible enemy landing.  
  21 Apr 43   TOUGH. 1100hrs. CEASE FIRE.  
      RHQ and B Sqn returned to Kondea.  
  22 Apr 43   A and C Sqns returned to Kondea.  
  23 Apr 43   Sqn leaders’ conference.  
      Lt A F McClintock arrived by air from mainland.  
  24 Apr 43   Demonstration by paratroops from mainland, landing on coast East of Larnaca.  
      Brig Hackett (late OC C Sqn) comd paratroops, to lunch.  
      Following offrs and ORs proceeded to mainland:-  
      Capt Wagstaffe - To METC (sub-unit comd’s course).  
      Capt Harari - compassionate leave.  
      Lt Dill - To offrs selection board for permanent commission.  
      Four ORs - for OCTU selection board.  
      Leave season in island commenced. 45 ORs to Holiday Camp Famagusta for seven days.  
  28 Apr 43   Rifle and LMG practices commenced on open ranges at Athalassa and Trikomo.  
  30 Apr 43   Strength of unit:-  
     

ORs                                             35 offrs and 3 att.

                            A Sqn  126                                   Att R Sigs 28

                            B Sqn  127                                         REME 15

                            C Sqn  123                                         ACC    10

                            HQ Sqn             98

                            Det Cyprus      5

                            Courses             16 (mainland)

                                  Total         495                                                                            53

 

 

May 1943

Commanding Officer: Lt Col C Goulburn

Place Date Hour Summary of Events and Information References to Appendices
  1-8 May 43   43  Individual and troop training continued from Kondea until 21 May, when unit commenced moving to new campsite at MS11 road Nicosia - Peristerona. Training recommenced 26 May.  
      Musketry (Rifle and LMG) by all sqns at ranges at Athalassa and Trikomo.  
      Owing to certain moves on the island, 8H ceased to be under comd 10 Armd Bde and reverted to direct comd 1st Ind Div.  
  6 May 43   CO and seven offrs attended Corps HQ indoor combined ops Exercise APHRODITE - two days 6 and 7 May.  
  8 May 43   Lt Col Charlton, Arab Legion, left unit after a six weeks attachment.  
      CO issued training instruction dealing with individual and troop training.  
  10-15 May 43   All sqns on troop training. Away from camp 2-3 days  
  13 May 43   Lt Hepburn and Lt Lombard left for attachment to Household Cavalry Regiment (Armd Cs) on mainland (Ninth Army - Syria ).  
  15 May 43   Lt Hepburn and Lt Lombard left for attachment to Household Cavalry Regiment (Armd Cs) on mainland (Ninth Army - Syria ).  
  16 May 43   Sqn leaders’ conference.  
  17-20 May 43   All sqns out on troop training, away from camp.  
  20 May 43   Maintenance of B vehicles inspection by UMI Ninth Army. Good report.  
  21 May 43   Movement to new camp, MS11, commenced.  
  24 May 43   Move to new camp completed.  
  26 May 43   Regimental TEWT to study the handling of an Armd C troop. All officers and troop sergeants attended. Directed by CO.  
  27-31 May 43   Troop training recommenced. Sqns away from camp  
  29 May 43   Lt Young rejoined unit after six months absence, most of the time in hospital.  

 

June 1943

Commanding Officer: Lt Col C Goulburn

Place Date Hour Summary of Events and Information References to Appendices
  1 Jun 43   Troop and sqn training continued during the first week of the month, the Regiment being located at MS11 road Nicosia - Peristerona.  
      On 6 Jun a warning order was received that unit was to stand by at 48hrs notice to move to mainland any time after 9 Jun.  
      All vehicles, war equipment (except G1098 stores) and accommodation stores (except tents) were handed in between 7 and 10 Jun. As no movement order had been received, individual training in a number of subjects was restarted on 14 Jun, and continued until the Regiment moved on 21 Jun.  
      21-25 Jun was spent in travelling and on 25 Jun the unit arrived at Beni Yousef Camp. The remainder of the month was spent in drawing up vehicles and stores.  
      Strength state on 1 Jun:  
     

ORs                    A Sqn  106      Officers               36

                            B Sqn  111

                            C Sqn  115

                            HQ Sqn           103

                            Det Cyprus        14

                            Courses             24 (mainland)

                                                           Total             473

                                                     Hospital                40

 
      On 1 Jun a regimental officers mess was opened. Through force of circumstances, sqn messes had been the rule since Apr 1942.  
  4 Jun 43   Regimental welfare meeting presided over by 2IC, met in St Patrick’s Club.  
  5 Jun 43   Capt Wagstaffe returned from Junior Commanders Course METC.  
  6 Jun 43   CO, Adjt and QM attended conference at XXV Corps and warned that the Regiment was under orders to leave the island any time after 9 Jun.  
  7 Jun 43   Sir John Woolley, Governor of Cyprus, lunched in the Officers Mess.  
      CO spoke to whole Regiment on coming move and impressed on all ranks the vital importance of security.  
  8-10 Jun 43   Handing in of all war equipment (except G1098 stores), amn, accommodation stores (except tents), Armd Cs and all B vehicles (except six) during these three days  
  11 Jun 43   Regimental TEWT conducted by CO, for all officers, troop sergeants and troop corporals, on the handling of an Armd C troop in roaded country after contact with the enemy.  
      Organisation of troop: one Dingo; two Armd Cs; one 75mm gun.  
      Particular attention made to the use of 75mm gun for clearing the road ahead and allowing the troop to continue their advance. Also to a troop doing a standing patrol.  
  12 Jun 43   GOC made an informal visit to the Regiment, to say goodbye to CO and sqn leaders.  
  13 Jun 43   Fire in officers lines which destroyed two 160lb tents and all personal kit of three officers  
  14-20 Jun 43   Individual training in unit lines  
  15 Jun 43   Lt Hepburn and Lt Lombard returned from a three-weeks attachment to Household Cavalry Regiment (Lt Col Gooch) in Syria .  
  18 Jun 43   Regimental TEWT conducted by CO, for all officers, troop sergeants and troop corporals, on the handling of an Armd C troop, with particular reference to the use of the close recce section in giving troop leader local protection when getting into a position of observation, dismounted in broken country.  
  20 Jun 43   Movement order received from XXV Corps ordering unit to proceed by rail to Famagusta on 21 Jun and embark that night. Rear party to be left behind - Lt Pegler and fifteen ORs.  
  21 Jun 43   Regiment moved to FMA and embarked on HM minelaying cruiser. See 8H Mov Instr No 1 dated 21 Jun. Ship sailed about midnight.  
  22 Jun 43   Arrived Beirut about 0800hrs. Disembarked. Personnel and unit baggage conveyed by MT to transit camp.  
  23 Jun 43   Entrained at Beirut Station in the evening. Train departed 2100hrs for Egypt .  
  24 Jun 43   In transit between Syria and Egypt .  
      Detrained Giza 1000hrs. Regiment conveyed to Beni Yousef by march route to tram stop, by tram to Mena and by MT to camp.  
      CO proceeded to GHQ where he was informed that Regiment would move to Cyrenaica on 4 Jul on anti-paratroop role in area of airfields.  
      Cars and equipment were to be issued commencing 30 Jun. CO requested another week to draw up new equipment etc before moving.  
  25 Jun 43   CO to GHQ. Request granted. Unit to move 11 Jul.  
  26 Jun 43   CO to GHQ. Request granted. Unit to move 11 Jul  
  27 Jun 43   B vehicles drawn from 13 Veh Coy, Mena and Tel el Kebir.  
  28 Jun 43   CO to Armd C Wing. Interviewed S African officers and selected three to come to Regiment.  
  29 Jun 43   CO to MEOSB GHQ southern Maadi. Drawing of Armd Cs from Tel el Kebir commenced.  
      Drawing of Armd Cs from Tel el Kebir continued.  
      Strength state:  
     

                                        ORs     A Sqn                  114            Officers                     35

                                                     B Sqn                  119

                                                     C Sqn                  113

                                                     HQ Sqn               112

                                                     Rear party            15 ( Cyprus )

                                                     Courses                 23 (Abbassia)

                                                             Total           496

 

 

July 1943

Commanding Officer: Lt Col C Goulburn

Place Date Hour Summary of Events and Information References to Appendices
  1 Jul 43   The beginning of the month found the unit at Beni Yousef Camp under secret orders to move to Benghazi area on 11 Jul.  
      It was obvious, therefore, that the whole period until that date would be taken up with drawing up new vehicles, refitting and preparing to go into the field.  
      The Regiment was to be equipped as follows:-  
     

                                               Armd Cs                               58                               WE: 58

                                               3-ton lorries                          27

                                               15cwt trucks                         13

                                               15cwt water trucks   4

                                               15cwt WT trucks       4

                                                Bantams                                 5

                                                Staff cars                                2

                                  LAD:

                                                15cwt truck                            1

                                                3-ton lorries                           2

                                                Breakdown tractor   1

                                                Workshop s lorry        1

                                  Signals Troop:

                                                8cwt trucks                             2

                                                15cwt trucks                           3

                                                10cwt trucks WT       1

                                                3-ton lorries                             2

 
      The Armd Cs were all Marmon Herrington MkIIIs and had all recently been overhauled, or refitted with new engines, at Tel el Kebir, from where they were drawn. In spite of being old, they were all in quite good condition. 30 of them were fitted with WT sets but, as a result of strong representations made by the CO, an addition of ten No 11 sets were obtained.  
      These, in addition to the five sets held by the unit and brought from Cyprus, and a further four issued as ground stations, made it possible to equip 43 Armd Cs with WT and six ground stations. A total of 49 sets, plus one with R Sigs Troop attached, were taken into the field.  
      The Armd Cs had a mixed armament, twelve being without turrets and fitted with the Italian 47mm guns, nine had 20mm guns (Solathurn, Breda or KWK), the rest being fitted with the normal Boys A Tk rifle and Bren guns.  
      All the B vehicles, except the two staff cars, were either new or practically new, the majority being Dodge, with rear-wheel drive only  
      During these first days of July the CO was extremely busy interviewing many people at GHQ and RAC Trg Depot, regaining ‘touch’ after the unit’s six-month stay in Cyprus . As there was no time to do any set training, it was decided that all who had not had leave in Cyprus should now take four days leave in the Delta.  
      By the time the unit left Beni Yousef the majority of officers and men had had leave within the last three months, the exceptions being those key personnel who were required during this fortnight of re-equipment.  
  3 Jul 43   CO left for short leave in Alexandria . Capt Robertson and Lt Hurst to METC on tactical course.  
  4 Jul 43   Lt Preston and three ORs to Armd C Wing on WT instructors course.  
  5 Jul 43   SSM Clarke and SQMS Melson posted to RAC Trg Depot to await passage to UK , having served over ten years and seven years respectively with the Regiment.  
      Promotion of Sgt Burrows as SSM of B Sqn and Sgt Fleming as SQMS of HQ Sqn.  
  6 Jul 43   CO returned from leave, late in the day.  
  7 Jul 43   Three S African officers, seconded to British Army, who had been selected by CO at a recent interview, joined the unit - Lts Rampf, Bennie and Mossop. Posted to A, B and C Sqns in that order.  
      Also, the new EME arrived, Lt Best, as a result of an application made by the CO sometime previously.  
  8 Jul 43   The Regiment was inspected by Maj Gen C Norman MGAFV GHQ.  
      All Armd Cs were paraded in line on the desert ground South of the camp, with B vehicles behind in sqn packets. Men were dressed in front of their vehicles, in light battle order. The turnout was very good.  
      The General arrived at 1100hrs and the general Salute was given. The General inspected the men and vehicles, after which he gave a short address. The CO then introduced him to all the officers.  
      Points brought up by the CO were chiefly in connection with the Regiment’s future, combined with a protest at being given another semi-static role in a back area, and the impossibility of continuing training on the new lines with the equipment now given to the Regiment.  
      The General left at 1230hrs.  
    1800hrs Preliminary verbal movement orders given to Adjutant at GHQ.  
  9 Jul 43   Six men selected for exchange draft with personnel from UK under special arrangements made between WO and ME. Qualifications - battle experience. The men chosen were: SQMS Newman, C Sqn; Sgt Broadfield MM, HQ Sqn; LSgt Pickersgill, C Sqn; Cpl Kendall, B Sqn; Tpr Coxhead, A Sqn; Tpr Toms, C Sqn.  
      Orders re move to Benghazi received from GHQ (no copies - see 8H Movement Orders 1 and 2 Appx D1/2 Appx D1/2
  10 Jul 43   Capt Firth posted to RAC Trg Depot, not being medically fit to serve in the desert. Other officers to be left behind:  
     

Maj Phillips      Hospital

Capt WagstaffeHospital

Capt Robertson            METC

Lt Hurst             METC

Lt Wharton       Hospital

Lt Preston         Course Armd C Wing.

 
  11 Jul 43   Move commenced as per Movement Orders Nos 1 and 2. Road party left Beni Yousef 0730hrs. Rail party loaded cars at Giza during the morning and departed Giza 1800hrs in two trains. Road party staged El Imayid.  
  12 Jul 43   Road party staged night 12/13 Jul at Matruh.  
  13 Jul 43   Rail party arrived Tobruk evening. Staged night 13/14 transit camp Tobruk . Road party staged night 13/14 Buq Buq  
  14 Jul 43   OO No 3 issued for onward move Tobruk - Benghazi . See Appx D3. Road party staged night 14/15 Tobruk. Appx D3
  15 Jul 43   Whole Regiment departed Tobruk 0700hrs. Staged night 15/16 Martuba.  
  16 Jul 43   Advance party reached Barce 0815hrs. CO called at HQ CYRDIST and met the District Commander, Maj Gen Collier CBE MC, who gave him his role:  
      ‘8H will constitute the District mobile reserve available for employment anywhere in the District. Most probable task will be to deal offensively with any enemy paratroop landings made in the area Benghazi .’  
      CO requested that the Regiment should be kept together. This was agreed and the area of Km20 road Benghazi - Agedabia was allotted as the campsite.  
    1230hrs Arrived HQ 93 Sub Area and met the Comd, Col Hillyard.  
      Conducted to campsite by Staff Capt Q. The area had been in continuous use as a staging area and was found to be in a filthy condition. 9th Gurkhas were in camp on the area. They moved out the next day and handed over their tentage to the Regiment.   
    1830hrs A certain number of permanent structures were available and four ruined buildings beside the main road were allotted, one to each sqn, as mess rooms, sqn canteens and sqn stores. One stone hut in good condition was allotted to RHQ and Orderly Room etc , one ruined hut to Sergeants Mess and St Patricks Club, two wooden huts to QM, a high-walled stone fort to Officers Mess, and a small ruined Arab village to regimental fitters and LAD. These buildings eased considerably the congestion in the tents, 180lbs.  
      Accommodation stores were practically non-existent.  
  17 Jul 43   Arrival of main body of Regiment. The move was completed with a minimum of breakdowns or accidents, only one lorry, which had previously given trouble, arriving on tow, and no accidents.  
      On arrival in the field, the strength of the Regiment was as shown on AFs W3008 and W3009 Appx 1 Appx 1
     

Present        Courses                                             Hospital

                 30 officers                                   Capt Robertson   Maj Phillips

                                                                    Lt Preston              Capt Wagstaffe

                                                                    Lt Hurst                Lt Wharton

                            Maj Threlfall acting 2IC and PRI in absence of Maj Phillips. Capt Ames acting OC A Sqn.

                    ORs

                    Present           Courses & Employed        Hospital                     Rear Party

                                            at Base Depot                   Egypt   Cyprus        Cyprus

                     419                         52                                 16         14       

 
  18 Jul 43   Cleaning up area and settling into new camp. One sqn to be kept in camp at 30mins notice, for use against paratroops if required.  
  19 Jul 43   Cleaning up area etc. CO went out on recce and contacted comds of units of RAF Regt etc.  
  20 Jul 43   Lt Kirkham joined unit. CO out on recce.  
  21 Jul 43   By this date sqns had practically settled into their areas and the whole camp presented a very different picture to the condition it was in when the unit arrived. The CO inspected the camp  
      The ADMS and ADM visited the unit and agreed that conditions were now reasonably sanitary.  
  22 Jul 43   Comd 93 Sub Area paid an informal visit to the unit, but the CO was out on recce.  
      CO issued Operation Instruction No 1. Att at Appx D4. Appx D4.
  25 Jul 43   Warning received of possible air raids by low-flying planes, as reprisal for RAF raids on Crete on 23 Jul.  
      At a sqn leaders’ conference in the morning the CO warned them to keep the men on the alert, and a PAD scheme was issued. Appx D6 Appx D6
  26 Jul 43   Week’s training programme attached at Appx J1  
  27 Jul 43   Comd CYRDIST, Maj Gen Collier, paid an official visit to the unit, arriving 1200hrs. There was no inspection, but the General visited sqn areas and watched normal individual training. He stayed to lunch in the mess, and afterwards discussed various points put forward by CO.  
      25 officers and senior NCOs attended the GOC’s lecture on ABCA in Benghazi , in the evening.  
  30 Jul 43   Leave to Delta re-started.  

 

Appendix D3
SECRET

Movement Order

8 Hussars Operation Order No 3

1.         8 Hussars will move to Benghazi in accordance with the following march table, which will be strictly adhered to.

2.         15 Jul 43        0700hrs - dep Tobruk.

                                      0840-0900hrs - 1st Halt. Maintenance.

                                      1130-1230hrs - 2nd Halt. Maintenance and Dinners.

                                      1420hrs - arr Martuba. Refuel. Stage night 15/16 Jul.

             16 Jul 43        0700hrs - dep Martuba.

                                      Maintenance and Dinner times as above.

                                      1420hrs - arr D’Annunzio. Stage night 16/17 Jul (staging area nine  miles East D’Annunzio).

             17 Jul 43        0700hrs - dep D’Annunzio.

                                      0740-0800hrs - 1st Halt. Maintenance.

                                      0945hrs - arr Barce. Refuel.

                                      1140-1230hrs - Maintenance. Dinners.

                                      1340-1400hrs - Maintenance halt.

                                      1525hrs - arr Benghazi .

3.         Convoy Commander. Maj N C E Dunne.

4.         (i)         SP. 1,000yds North of transit camp.

            (ii)        Time past SP: B Sqn - 0700hrs. A Sqn - 0708hrs.

                                              C Sqn - 0716hrs. HQ Sqn - 0724hrs.

             Speed: 15mih (pace-setters 18-20mph); Density 20vtm. Sqns will move complete with B Echs.
5.         Advance Party. CO; Adjt; QM; Sqn Ldrs or 2ICs, pass SP 0655hrs. This party will be self-contained for rations and cooking up till teas 17 Jul.
6.         Lt Hepburn will proceed at least one hour ahead of convoy, to report to Area and Sub Area reps, to arrange bivouac areas at staging halts, and co-ordinate refuelling at PSPs.
7.         Lights. No naked lights in staging areas during hours of darkness.
8.         Bush Fires. Care will be taken to avoid bush fires, especially in Derna/Barce area.

9.         Sanitation

                         (i)         OsC Sqns will ensure that trench-type latrines are dug at all staging areas, and that these are properly filled-in and marked on leaving.

                         (ii)        All refuse will be buried or burnt and areas left clean.

10.       Rations. Four days MEFS Hard Scale will be carried from Tobruk.

             Meals. Breakfasts 15 Jul:

             (a)        For officers - officers mess transit camp 0600hrs .

             (b)        For OR Armd C crews - transit camp 0530hrs .

                         Remainder - under sqn arrangements.

             All other meals under sqn arrangements.

11.       Water. All containers will be filled before leaving Tobruk and Martuba.
12.       POL. PSPs at Tobruk - Martuba - Barce.
13.       Medical. Sick parades daily at 1700hrs in staging areas.
 

(Sgd) J A G Ladenburg

14 Jul 43           Adjt 8 KRI Hussars

 

Appendix D4
SECRET

8 Hussars Operation Order No 1

Ref: Map Benghazi 1:250,000                                                                          22 Jul 43
1.         Cyrenaica District. The District extends from the wire in the East to Ageila in the West, and southwards to French Equatorial Africa .

2.         Defence Units

                         (i)         Infantry units - 9th Motor Bn SDF with coys at Coefia S0585 and ??????. 1st Bn CDF at ????????? Barracks Benghazi.

                         (ii)        Det No 1 Armd C Coy RAF at Benina.

                                     Det No 2 Armd C Cot RAF at Site 10 (see para 4).

                         These Armd Cs patrol the immediate environs of airfields up to a distance of five miles.

                         (iii)       RAF Regt - fixed static guards on heavy bombers by night.

3.         Libyans. Local Bedouins are very friendly towards the British. Libyan Arab Corps (Senussi) bns have been converted into local CYDEF Gendarmerie.

4.         Airfields. American Liberators (B24) are operating from Benina S1373, Berka No 2 S9468, Benascir (Site 10) S0563 and Km30 (Site 7) R8844.

                Other LGs in the Benghazi area are Brescis N3314, Barce No 3 R9554,??????? Buravi R8834 and ???????

5.         Enemy Action. On night 13/14 Jun, two enemy aircraft from Crete crossed coast about Bomba, flew West across Gebel and dropped a party of 41 Italian paratroops in area Giandina S08390. All were rounded up except two, owing to smartness of a local Bedouin and lack of enterprise by the paratroops. Remaining two placed timebombs in seven aircraft at Benina night 17/18 Jun.
6.         Possible Future Enemy Action. Further paratroop raids in greater strengths, or landings from caiques or submarines, with our airfields around Benghazi as his objective.
7.         8H Role. 8H constitute the District mob res available for employment anywhere in the District. Most probable task will be to deal offensively with any enemy paratroop landings made in the area Benghazi .

8.         Method. If the Regiment, or part of it, is called upon to carry out anti-paratroop role, general area in which it is believed paratroops have been dropped will be given. Role will be carried out as follows:-

            (a)        By day

                                     (i)         A close and methodical search of the country. Troops and squadrons will carry out sweeps, in line, over country passable to Armd Cs. Ruined houses, stone huts etc will be searched on foot. Squadrons will be given areas of responsibility.

                                     (ii)        Standing patrols from viewpoints to observe any movement by enemy. OPs will be dismounted, cars concealed. Any identified paratroops will be destroyed unless they show immediate signs of surrender. Suspicious characters will be arrested and searched.

                         (b)                    By night. Standing patrols on tracks leading to airfields.

9.         Method of dealing with landings from sea will be similar to para 8.

10.       Squadrons will obtain, forthwith, by patrolling, a detailed knowledge of the Benghazi area along coast from Tocra N4223 to I R0101 and inland to Si Ghaled N4523 - below escarpment to ??????? S2370 - Abian Cheil S2253 - Soluch S1426 - Magsun S0202.

            Particular reference will be paid to all tracks marked on map or otherwise, and suitable OPs.

11.       Mines. Car comds will mark own maps from key copy issued to squadrons by IO. Mined areas will be avoided.
12.       Adm. Separate instructions.

13.       Intercomn

                         (i)                     Frequencies and callsigns issued weekly by Sigs Offr.

                         (ii)                    RT. Clear. RT code will NOT be used.

                         (iii)                   In the event of an alarm, another set from RHQ will be sent direct to 93 Sub Area for alternative means of comn to LT.

 

(Sgd) G Goulburn

Lt Col
Commanding 8th KRI Hussars
Distribution:

A Sqn              Copy No         1

B Sqn                                       2

C Sqn                                       3

HQ Sqn                                    4

93 Sub Area   5

IO                                                                             6

Sigs Offr                                   7

File                                                                            8

War Diary                                9-10

 

Appendix D5
 

8H PAD Scheme

Camp Km18 Rd Benghazi - Agedabia

1.                      Probable Type of Attack

                         (i)                     Medium-scale night bombing raids against airfields.

                         (ii)                    Single aircraft making low-flying ‘tip-and-run’ day attacks..

It is the second type for which this camp might be a target, situated as it is astride the prominent landmark formed by the main road.

             This PAD scheme is devised to deal with this type of attack.

2.         Warning. Previous warning may be received:

             (i)         By signal from HQ 93 Sub Area.

             (ii)        By the sound of AA fire from neighbouring AA units defending airfields.

             (iii)       By sound of bombs and MG fire.

The first warning may, however, be an actual attack. Unit warning signals will be as follows:-

             For (i) Adjutant or duty clerk will warn squadrons verbally or in writing by runner: AIR RAID WARNING RED, together with any other information available.

             For (ii) or (iii), SHORT BLASTS on motor horns or whistles, originated by any officer or WO whose duty it will be to give this signal if he is satisfied that attack is taking place in the neighbourhood.

3.         Action to be Taken by Troops on Receipt of Unit Warning

                         (i)         AIR RAID WARNING RED. All ranks will be warned, steel helmets will be carried and normal work will continue.

                         (ii)        SHORT BLASTS

                                      (a)        Armd C crews will instantly man vehicles without further orders, disperse from vehicle parks, remaining East of the road, and engage low-flying enemy aircraft with AA MGs.

                                      (b)        Echelon drivers will disperse B vehicles and engage aircraft by rifle fire, lying on ground away from vehicles.

                                      (c)        All other personnel will collect their arms and disperse away from tented area, lie down and engage aircraft with rifle fire

4.         Similar action to 3(ii) above will be taken if attack commences with no previous warning.

 

(Sgd) G Goulburn

Field Lt Col  
26 Jul 43 Commanding 8th KRI Hussars  

 

 

Training Programme for Week Ending 31 Jul 43

 

Date

Sqn

0630-0700

0815-1230

1400-1600

Remarks

 

Mon 26

A

 

PT

Recce by Tp offrs

Individual trg in Camp under tp sgts.

Sqn baths

 

A veh standstill

B

Duty sqn. Individual trg in camp

Individual trg in camp

C

Main. Lectures by tp ldrs

Tp trg. Sqn out ni 26/27

HQ

Area cleaning

Half sqn baths

 

Tues 27

A

PT

Individual trg in camp

Tp trg. Sqn out ni 27/28

GOC visits unit 1200hrs

B

Duty sqn. As for Mon.

Sqn baths

C

-

Return to camp 1200hrs

Duty relief for B

HQ

PT

Armd C tp trg.

Remainder area cleaning

Half sqn baths

Weds 28

A

-

Return to camp 1200hrs

Regtl kit Inspection

B veh standstill

B

Footdrill

Duty sqn. As for Mon.

A&B veh standstill

C

PT

Maintenance

HQ

Maintenance. Gun cleaning

Thu 29

A

 

PT

Regtl wrls net. Maint. Recce by tp offrs

Half holiday

 

A veh standstill

B

Regtl wrls net. Duty sqn. As for Mon.

As for Mon

C

Regtl wrls net. ABCA by tp ldrs.

Half holiday

HQ

Regtl wrls net.

Individual trg for duty men

Fri 30

A

 

PT

As for Tue. Early dinners

Tp trg. Sqn out ni 30/31

 

B

Duty sqn. As for Mon.

ABCA by tp ldrs

C

Sqn Baths

Tp trg. Sqn out ni 30/31

HQ

Armd C tp trg

Sea bather parade.

ABCA.

Sat 31

A

-

Return to camp 1200hrs

Maintenance

B veh standstill

 

B

Footdrill

Duty sqn. As for Mon.

As for Mon.

A&B veh standstill

 

C

-

Tp trg

Return to camp 1800hrs

B veh standstill

 

HQ

PT

Interior economy

Maintenance

A&B veh standstill

Regtl Classes: (i) DOs Refresher 1st week.

                      (ii) DOs Refresher 1st week.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Field

 

 

 

(Sgd) C Gouldburn

26 Jul 413

 

 

 

Lt Col

 

 

 

 

 

Commanding 8th KRI Hussars

 

 

August 1943

Commanding Officer: Lt Col C Goulburn

Place Date Hour Summary of Events and Information References to Appendices
  1 Aug 43   Strength of the Regiment throughout the month is given in Appendices I 1-5 (3008 and 3009)  
     

The Regiment remained in same location throughout the month, Km10 road Benghazi - Agedabia, without any change in role or equipment.

                                 he policy throughout the month with regard to training was:-

                                        (i)         Field firing, for which a battle practice run was made at Fort Sceleidima .

                                        (ii)        Tp and sqn training, on which sqns, except the duty sqn, were away from camp two or three nights each week (see Appx J1-5).

                                        (iii)       Regtl and base courses for both offrs and men.

                                                     Leave to the Delta for all ranks continued throughout the month, also leave parties to Derna.

                                                     Lt Wharton and eleven ORs returned from Base.

Appx J1-5
  2 Aug 43   Maj Phillips and Capt Wagstaffe rejoined from hospital and sick leave.  
  3 Aug 43   Orders received to send a detachment as guard to bullion in No 3 Technical Store at Derna; one tp of Armd Cs under Lt Scott was sent.   
      Clear RT communication with No 19 Sets was maintained with this tp at Derna, a distance of about 160 miles across the Gebel, by use of endfed aerials.  
      Lt Hurst rejoined from junior comds’ tactical course at METC.  
  4 Aug 43   At 1500hrs information was received from local Arabs that some Italians were lying-up in area between the camp and the sea to the NW. OC HQ Sqn, who was first in receipt of this news and to whom the Arab had reported this information, was ordered to despatch two Armd Cs from RHQ Tp at once, with an Arab as guide, and C Sqn were ordered to send out two tps, each with an Arab as guide.  
      No information about enemy landings or paratroop activities had been received from higher formation, and it was therefore considered advisable to warn No 4 AA Practice Camp that Italian troops were reported in their vicinity.  
      1), where they were being pinned by local Arabs armed with rifles. Unluckily, the leading Armd C, commanded by Lt Dill, ran into a soft patch in a salt-marsh, the crew therefore dismounted and went forward on foot but, before they could reach the house, the patrol sent out by No 4 AA Practice Camp had already arrived, to whom the Italians, one offr and nine ORs of the San Marco Marines, surrendered.  
      A similar party of Italians also landed at Suani Et Terra and were captured by a patrol of SDF. These Italians had landed during night 3/4 Aug from a submarine, with sabotage as their object. The prisoners were handed over to a tp of C Sqn, who escorted them to HQ 93 Sub Area.  
  6 Aug 43   B Sqn field firing at Sceleidima. CO accompanied the Sqn.  
  7 Aug 43   Capt Robertson, 2IC B Sqn, returned from sub-unit comds’ course at METC and a week’s leave.  
  8 Aug 43   CO to conference at 93 Sub Area.  
      In accordance with instructions received by signal from GHQ, 30 ORs, trained Armd C crews, were posted to HQ X Corps as reinforcements for Armd C regts, and left the Regt on this day.   
      They included two sergeants (Macdonald and Budgen) and two corporals (McBride and Marks).  
  11 Aug 43   B Sqn, accompanied by CO, left for four-days exercise and training in Gebel country East of Barce  
  12 Aug 43   Regt now under comd of 93 Sub Area for all purposes (Appx E1). Appx E1
      Capt Ladenburg on leave to Delta. Lt Case acting Adjutant in his absence.  
      C Sqn field firing at Sceleidima. Visited by CO.  
  16 Aug 43   A Sqn field firing at Sceleidima.  
      A most unfortunate accident occurred during the Sqn’s approach to Sceleidima, when an Armd C ran onto a minefield, involving the death of LCpl Kyle and Tpr Low, and serious injuries to Sgt Smith, the car comd, in his jaw and head.  
      Lt I M O Hutchinson, Fife & Forfar Yeomanry, joined Regt and posted to A Sqn.  
  17 Aug 43   Capt Hall on leave to Delta, then to sub-unit comds’ course at METC.  
  18 Aug 43   Funeral of LCpl Kyle and Tpr Low at Benghazi .  
  20 Aug 43   CO visited GOC at CYRDIST.  
  23 Aug 43   Lt Brodie, 11th Hussars, posted to and joined unit, sent to B Sqn.  
  24 Aug 43   Maj Threlfall and Lt(QM) O’Malley to Cairo for unit comds’ course at METC, and course at School of Adm , respectively.  
      A Sqn commanded by Capt Ames.  
      Lts Dill, Anstey and Scott also to Cairo for courses in camouflage; know your enemy; and aircraft recognition, respectively.  
  25 Aug 43   One NCO and four men provided for a bullion guard to Tripoli .  

 

Appendix E1
MOST SECRET

93 Sub Area Operation Instruction No 5

Ref 6/7/G

Copy No 1                                                                                                       17 Aug 43

Information

Further and more intensified enemy action against four-engined bombers in the Benghazi area, possibly by German parachutists, may be expected.

8 Hussars now come under comd 93 Sub Area

Intention

To ensure greater speed in the capture or destruction of hostile elements

Method

1.        9 Mot Bn SDF (less one coy) will be responsible for the area North of Benghazi.

Armd Cs of RAF, one coy 9SDF and one coy 2 Bn Pal Regt are responsible for the area South of Benghazi.

8 Hussars will provide a mobile reserve.

 

2.         C Coy 9 Mot Bn SDF will remain in its present position for the purpose of infantry patrols along the coast.

             One coy 2 Bn Pal Regt will move to a location on the coast just South of Berka 2 airfield.

 

3.         The coy of 9 Mot Bn SDF now at El Coefia will move to Bersis for the protection of airfields there. The coy at Regima will remain there for the protection of Benina airfields and one coy will be kept in reserve at Bn HQ Benghazi.

4.         8 Hussars will keep one sqn at 30mins call.

Admin

Admin arrangements will remain as before.

Intercommunication

All information must be passed at once to this HQ by fastest means. When the operation is completed a full report of it will be rendered to this HQ by units. If the operation lasts more than one day, a daily situation report will be rendered.

 
ACK

(Sgd) ??? Capt GS

Distribution:    
Copy No

1              8 Hussars

2              9 Mot Bn SDF

3              2 Bn Pal Regt

4              HQ Cyrenaica District

Copy No

5              SNOC

6              212Gp RAF

7              1X Bomber Comd USAF

8              1 AA Bde

 

 

Appendix J2

Training Programme for Week Ending 14 Aug 43

 8H/384/1

Date

Sqn

0700-0730

0815-1230

1400-1600

or

1730-1930

Remarks

 

Mon 9

A

 Sqn Baths

Duty sqn. Sqn courses -

WT, gny, gas

Maintenance

 Duty Sqn for wk

B

Footdrill

??????? Maint

Half holiday

 A&B veh standstill

C

PT

??????? Gny & WT trh

?????? trg. Out ni 9/10

HQ

?????? trg.

Half sqn baths Main

Tues 10

A

PT

As for Monday

Tool check. Maint

B

Sqn Baths

Sqn Baths. Prepare to move out

Sqn moves to Barce loc N6817

C

-

Tp trg. Return to camp 1230hrs

Half holiday

HQ

PT

As for Monday

-

Weds 11

A

Footdrill

As for Monday ABCA

Equip check. Lecture by IO

B

-

To trg area Barce

-

C

PT

As for Monday

Lecture by IO A&B veh standstill

HQ

Tp trg. JD & recognition of tgts

Gun cleaning

Thu 12

A

 PT

Tp ldrs parades. Lecture by MO Half holiday

B

-

Road recces Barce - Tocra - ???????? & Barce - Cyrene - ??????? & subsidiary tracks

 

-

C

PT

Sqn Baths.

Sqn moves to Sceleidima

HQ

-

Tp trg. Armd C Tp out ni 12/13

Half holiday

Fri 13

A

 PT

Sqn courses. Maint

Area cleaning & inspection

 

B

 

As for Thursday.

-

C

Fd firing all day Sceleidima

HQ

Armd C tp returns 1200hrs

Maintenance

Sat 14

A

PT

Tp ldrs parades

 

B

-

Tp trg

Return to camp 1600hrs

 

C

Footdrill

Maintenance

Bathing parade. Maint.

A&B veh standstill

 

HQ

Gun cleaning & inspection of all arms

Maint. ABCA

Regtl Classes: (i)    D&M Instructors 2nd week.

                      (ii)   WT Elementary 1st week.

                      (iii)   Refresher No 2 1st week

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Field

 

 

 

(Sgd) C Gouldburn

?? Aug 43

 

 

 

Lt Col

 

 

 

 

 

Commanding 8th KRI Hussars

 

Appendix J3

Training Programme for Week Ending 21 Aug 43

 8H/384/1

Date

Sqn

0700-0730

0815-1230

1400-1600

or

1730-1930

Remarks

 

Mon 16

A

 Sqn Baths

Prep for fd firing

Leave camp 1500hrs.

Out ni 17/18

-

B

Footdrill

Sqn Int Economy

ABCA

Duty sqn for wk

C

PT

Fd firing conf. Gun & arms inspection

Sqn baths

 

HQ

PT. Rifle drill

Maintenance

Swmiing. Lecture by MO

 

Tues 17

A

-

Fd firing Sceleidima

Out ni 17/18

B

Sqn Baths

Maintenace

JD

C

PT

Leave camp for sqn ex area Barce

Out ni 17/18

HQ

As for Mon

Armd C Tp fd firing Sceleidima

½ sqn baths. Maint

Weds 18

A

-

Fd firing Sceleidima

Out ni 18/19

B veh standstill

B

PT

Crew control & fire orders

Gny instr on en wpns

C

-

Sqn ex area Barce

Out ni 18/19

HQ

-

As for Tue

Maintenance

Thu 19

A

-

Return to camp. Gun cleaning & maint Half holiday

 

-

B

PT

Gny instr on en wpns

C

PT

Sqn exercise.

Return to camp 1500hrs

HQ

-

Tpt Tp B Ech exercise

Tpt Tp out ni 19/20

Fri 20

A

 Footdrill

To trg Out ni 20/21

 

B

PT

Firing 47mm. Maint

Lecture by IO

C

Swimming

Car comds & DOs trg

ABCA

HQ

PT

Armd C Tp trg. B Ech ex

B Ech return to camp

Sat 21

A

-

Tp trg

Maintenance

B veh standstill

 

B

PT

Crew control & fire orders

JD

 

C

Footdrill

Tool check. Veh inspection

Half holiday

 

HQ

Gun cleaning. Arms inspection

 ABCA

Regtl Classes: (i)    D&M Instructors 3rd week.

                      (ii)   WT Elementary 2nd week.

                      (iii)   Refresher No 2 2ndt week

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Field

 

 

 

(Sgd) C Gouldburn

15 Aug 43

 

 

 

Lt Col

 

 

 

 

 

Commanding 8th KRI Hussars

 

Appendix J4

Training Programme for Week Ending 28 Aug 43

 8H/384/1

Date

Sqn

0700-0730

0830-1230

1400-1600

or

1730-1930

Remarks

 

Mon 23

A

 Sqn Baths

Sqn Baths. Maint

TSMG trg. Gun cleaning

 

B

Footdrill

Gas & Mine lifting - 

NCOs. Maint Armd Cs;

WT sets; Guns. ABCA

Sqn baths

 

C

PT

WT; Gny; Mine lifting

Maintenance

Duty sqn for wk

HQ

Armd C Tp trg. Out ni 23/24

Swimming. ABCA

 

Tues 24

A

Footdrill

Sqn int economy

TSMG Firing

Dvr mech trade test

B

PT

TSMG Firing. Maint as per Mon

Instr in RT code

 

C

Early Bfast

Sqn baths. As per Mon

Lecture by IO

HQ

PT

Armd C Tp return 1200hrs

Sqn baths. Maint

Weds 25

A

 

-

Sqn moves out to area Barce to carry out tp recces

Out ni 25/26. ABCA

MT Standstill

B

Sqn moves to Agedabia

Out ni 25/26.

C

 

PT

As for Mon. ABCA

Maintenance Dvr mech trade test

HQ

Rifle trg. Main

JD & indication of tgts

ABCA

Thu 26

A

 

-

Tp recces Gebel area Out ni 26/27

B

Sqn ex Agedabia

C

PT

As per Mon

Maintenance

HQ

Armd C Tp trg

Half holiday

Fri 27

A

 

-

Tp recces Gebel area

Out ni 27/28

 

B

Fd firing  Sceleidima

C

Tp ldrs veh inspections

Mine lifting

Maintenance

HQ

Armd C Tp trg

Sqn baths. Maint

Sat 14

A

-

Return to camp 1200hrs

 

MT standstill

 

B

Fd firing. Return to camp 1700hrs

 

C

Footdrill

Sqn int encoomy. Do trade test

Half holiday

 

HQ

Sqn int encoomy.

-

Regtl Classes:           WT Elementary 3rd week.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Field

 

 

 

(Sgd) C Gouldburn

22 Aug 43

 

 

 

Lt Col

 

 

 

 

 

Commanding 8th KRI Hussars

 

Appendix J5

Training Programme for Week Ending 4 Sept 43

 

Date

Sqn

0700-0730

0830-1230

1400-1600

or 

1730-1930

Remarks

 

Mon 30

A

PT

Maint. Resp & gun inspection

Maintenance

 Duty Sqn for wk

B

Footdrill

406 inspection Maint

Sqn baths

C

PT

Baths. Mine liftiing demo. Maint. 406 inspection

Regtl kit inspection

HQ

TSMG instr. Maint

Tues 31

A

PT

Sqn Baths. ABCA

Maintenance

B

406 inspection Maint.

Gun Cleaning

 

Half holiday

C

As for

Monday

HQ

ABCA

Weds 1

A

PT

-

Tool check. Fire orders

Armd C Inspection

B

Arms & Resp inspection. Gas frill

Kit inspection

C

Footdrill

Maint. ABCA

Maintenance

HQ

PT

Arms drill. Maint

Judging distance

Thu 2

A

 Footdrill

Tp trg - varous subjects Half holiday

B

PT

Prep for ex

Leave camp on sqn ex

Away ni

C

-

Scheme with B sqn

HQ

PT

A Ech WT trg. B Ech 2pd instr3

Half holiday

Fri 3

A

 PT

As for Thu

412/3 inspection reports

 

B

-

Sqn exercise

Away ni

C

HQ

 

As for Thu

Baths & swimming

Sat 4

A

PT

Sand table ex. Maint

Maint

 

 

B

-

Return from ex. Maint

 

 

C

 

HQ

Footdrill

Int economy. Main

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Field

 

 

 

(Sgd) J A G Ladenburg

29 Aug 43

 

 

 

Capt, for Lt Col

 

 

 

 

 

Commanding 8th KRI Hussars

 

 

September 1943

Commanding Officer: Lt Col C Goulburn

Place Date Hour Summary of Events and Information References to Appendices
  1 Sep 43   Strength of the Regiment throughout the month is given at Appx I 1-4 Appx I 1-4
      Location remained unchanged - Km18 rd Benghazi - Agedabia.  
      Towards the end of the month the Regiment began re-equipping with modern Armd Cs - Humbers MkIV, armed with 37mm gun and coax Besa 7.92mm MG. T  
      he unit had to provide its own personnel to collect the Armd Cs from vehicle park at Geneifa, bringing them to unit by rail to Tobruk and thence by road. By the end of the month 32 cars were in the possession of the unit, the remaining 26 being expected to arrive the first days of October.   
      Of the old equipment, 29 Marmon Herringtons were driven in convoy to Tel el Kebir and the remaining 28 were handed to 9 Mot Bn SDF (one having been blown up on a minefield on 16 Aug). Total - 58.  
      There were a number of inter-sqn exercises held during the month in the Barce area and two regtl sigs exercises in the Soluch area.   
      The remaining of the training was individual, the latter part of the month being devoted specially to maintenance of the new cars and instructional courses on the Humber and its weapons (37mm and 7.92mm Besa).  
      Programmes attached at Appx J 1-3. Appx J 1-3
      One sqn continued to stand by at 30mins readiness throughout the month at No 3 Technical Stores Tocra.  
      Leave was suspended towards the end of the month, owing to the number of men away in the Delta drawing cars.  
  2 Sep 43   B Sqn concentrated in area Barce and C Sqn in area Driana - Benina in preparation for inter-sqn exercise on the following day.  
      Lts Walker and McClintock left for Delta to attend gas course (METC) and D&M Instructors’ course (ACW) respectively.  
  3 Sep 43   B/C Sqn exercise directed by CO and 2IC commenced at 0630hrs and terminated at 1700hrs, C Sqn advancing, B Sqn withdrawing (Appx  J4). Appx  J4
  4 Sep 43   B and C Sqns returned to camp.  
  5 Sep 43   93 Sub Area Rifle Shooting Competition at Benina Ranges . The Regiment entered two teams.  
  6 Sep 43   Regtl sand table exercise for all officers and tp sgts, directed by CO and conducted by Capt Ames and Lt Hurst. Subject ‘Advance to Contact’.  
      Sub area comd, Col Hillyard, paid an informal visit and inspected accommodation, cookhouses etc.  
  7 Sep 43   Orders received at midnight from HQ 93 Sub Area for one sqn to be at an hour’s notice to move to 99 Sub Area, probably starting at first light 8 Sep (Appx E1). B Sqn was detailed for this duty. The standby lasted several days before being cancelled. Appx E1
      This emergency was due to the possibility of Italian aircraft arriving at Derna in accordance with armistice terms. B Sqn were to take over Italian crews and escort them to Tobruk. No aircraft arrived.  
  8 Sep 43   Lt Preston rejoined unit after completing WT Instructors’ course at ACW.  
      First batch of seven Humber MkIV Armd Cs arrived.  
  9 Sep 43   A Sqn left camp for five days’ training in the Gebel round Barce.  
  10 Sep 43   A Sqn carried out an exercise set by the CO. Advance to contact and the co-ordination of movement without WT (Appx J5). Appx J5
      A Sqn concentrated for night 10/11 in area Si Dachil, in preparation for inter-sqn exercise the following day.  
      C Sqn proceeded to concentration area Abiar el Meletania S4994, in preparation for exercise vs A Sqn on 11 Sep  
  11 Sep 43   A/C Sqn exercise directed by CO. See general idea Appx J6. Appx J6
  12 Sep 43   C Sqn returned to camp. A Sqn remained out at Tocra.  
  14 Sep 43   B Sqn moved to concentration area Barce in preparation for exercise vs C Sqn on 15 Sep.  
  15 Sep 43   A/B Sqn exercise directed by CO. See general idea Appx J7. A Sqn tapping-in on a MT column; B Sqn acting as flank guard. Exercise terminated at 1400hrs when wireless silence was enforced. Both sqns, then in area El Abiar, proceeded to camp that afternoon. Appx J7
  18 Sep 43   29 Marmon Herrington Armd Cs under comad Capt Wagstaffe left unit in convoy for Tel el Kebir, with the intention of handing-in to VRP the MHs, and drawing up from Geneifa 26 Humber MkIV Armd Cs.  
      Maj Dunne and Lt Newman left the unit in the field to attend unit comds’ and sub-unit comds’ courses, respectively, at METC.  
      Capt Hall, on sub-unit comds’ course at METC admitted to No 12 Gen Hosp (Sarafand), having severed a nerve in his right arm. Return to unit unlikely.  
  20 Sep 43   Regtl sigs exercise area Driana - Benina - Soluch, with all available Armd Cs, ie 28 MH and seven Humbers (Appx J8). Appx J8
  25 Sep 43   25 Humber MkIV Armd Cs arrived. Convoy comd Lt Hind, who was rejoining unit on completion of Gas and Gunnery Instructors’ courses.  
      Five reinforcements arrived to replace men who left on exchange draft REEFER scheme (vide war diary 9 Jul 43). The sixth man was admitted to hospital, en route, at Tobruk.  
  27 Sep 43   Regtl wrls exercise, same area as exercise on 20th (Appx J9). Appx J9
      Maj Phillips left for Delta, to attend camouflage course and one week’s leave.  
  29 Sep 43   Maj Threlfall returned to unit from leave and unit comds’ course at METC, and Lt(QM) O’Malley from adm course at METC.  

 

Appendix E1

Message by Special DR
From: 93 Sub Area      Ref 0.1078        Date 8 Sep 43
To    : 8 Hussars                     TOO 1030hrs                          THI 1035hrs
Priority: Emergency Ops
  WARNING ORDER. ONE SQN TO BE AT ONE HOURS NOTICE FROM 1100HRS TODAY TO MOVE TO 99 SUB AREA. ACK

 

 

Appendix J1

Training Programme for Week Ending 11 Sept 43

 

Date

Sqn

0700-0730

0830-1230

1400-1600

or 

1730-1930

Remarks

 

Mon 6

A

Footdrill

Regtl sand table ex.

Maint. DOs class

Tp ldrs disposal

 

B

-

Regtl sand table ex.

Maint.

Sqn baths

Duty Sqn for wk

C

-

Regtl sand table ex. Sqn baths. Gny, Mines & WT classes

Half holiday

 

HQ

PT 

Regtl sand table ex.

Maint. Gny

Maint

Tues 7

A

-

Sqn Baths. Tp ldrs disposal

Half holiday

B

PT

Crew control & fire orders. JD

Org sport

C

Gny, mine, WT classes

Maint

HQ

Gny. Maint ½ sqn baths. Maint

Weds 8

A

PT

 

Prep for moving out

Move to area Barce

Out ni 8/9

B

Intro Number MkIV

Org sport. En AFV recogn  

C

Footdrill

2Tp to Sceledima for fd firing. Remainder - Gny, Mines & WT classes in camp. ABCA

Maint

HQ

PT

Arms drill. Gny. Maint

JD

Thu 9

A

-

Sqn Ex No 1 area Barce (wrls working hrs 0200-1300) Sqn Ex

Out ni 9/10

B

Arms insp

Gny, D&M. WT classes

Half holiday

 

C

-

2Tp fd firing

Remainder as for Tue & Wed.

   

HQ

PT

Gny 2 pr. Armd C Tp out for ni

Half holiday  

Fri 10

A

 -

Sqn Ex No 1 area Barce (wrls silence ends 1300hrs)

Move to conc area

 Out ni 10/11

B

PT

As for Thu

Unarmed combat. Gas drill  

 Out ni 10/11

C

- Move to conc area for inter-sqn ex  

HQ

PT

Armd C Tp ret to camp.

Maint

½ sqn baths. ABCA

discussion

 

Sat 11

A

-

Inter-sqn ex vs C sqn area Barce

Wrls working hrs all day

Out ni 11/12. Ret camp Sun

 

B

PT  

As for Thu

 

ABCA discussion  

 

C

-

Inter-sqn ex vs A sqn. 

See above

  Ret camp Sun

 

HQ

Footdrill

Int Econ. Gny

   
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Field

 

 

 

(Sgd) C Goulburn Lt Col

5 Aug 43

 

 

 

Commanding 8th KRI Hussars

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Appendix J2

Training Programme for Week Ending 25 Sept 43

 

Date

Sqn

0700-0750

0900-1230

1400-1600

or 

1730-1930

Remarks

 

Mon 20

A

Regtl Sigs Ex

Leave camp 0800hrs

Ret camp 1700hrs 

 

B

C

HQ

Tues 21

A

PT

Maint. TAB inco

Maint

B

Baths

C

As forPT

Maint

Half holiday  

HQ

PT Maint. Sqn courses Swimming. maint

Weds 22

A

Footdrill

Sqn

Sqn courses. Maint

B

PT Sqn courses

C

Musketry prelims

Sqn courses. Maint. 

1100 hrs ABCA

Sqn courses. Maint

HQ

PT

Sqn courses.

ABCA

Thu 23

A

 Baths

Sqn courses.

 

Half holiday

B

Footdrill

Sqn courses.

C

Musketry prelims

Sqn courses. Benina Ranges (rifle, Bren, TMG)

Benina Ranges for Staff employ & B Ech pers

HQ

PT

Sqn courses.

50% baths. Half holiday

Fri 24

A

 PT

Sqn courses. Map reading. 1100hrs. ABCA

Sqn courses. Maint

 

B

Footdrill

Sqn courses.

Sqn courses.

C

Musketry prelims Sqn courses. Maint Sqn courses. Maint

HQ

PT

Sqn courses.

Swimming  Maint

Sat 4

A

PT

Comds' sand table discussion. Sqn courses

Maint

 

 

B

Arms Inspec

Sqn courses. 1100hrs ABCA

Half holiday

 

C

Footdrill

Sqn courses., Maint.

Int Econ

Sqn courses., Maint.

 

HQ

Int Econ

Maint
     
Regtl Courses:    
(i)    WT Beginners (7th week) (5)    
(ii)    WT Beginners (2nd week) (7)    
(ii)    Bty Chg (3)    
     
Sqn courses    
A Sqn B Sqn  
(i)     D&M Humber (6) (i)     D&M Humber (9)  
(ii)    37mm & Besa (6) (ii)    Gnr Ops (5)  
  (iii)   Gnr Ops (5)  
  (iv)   WT Refresher (7)  
  (v)    Fitters Humber (4)  
     
C Sqn HQ Sqn  
(i)    D&M Humber (5) (i)    D&M Humber (3)  
(ii)   D&M Humber (5) (ii)   37mm & Besa (7)  
(iii)  37mm & Besa (7) (iii)  WT Refresher (6)  
(vi)  37mm & Besa (5)

 

 

(v)   WT Refresher (10)      

 

 

 

 

 

 

Field

 

 

 

Sgd) C Goulburn Lt Col

22 Aug 43  

 

 

 Commanding 8th KRI Hussa