War Diaries of 

8th (King's Royal Irish) Hussars

1945

 

Home 1939 1940 1941 1942
1943 1944 1946

 

 

WAR DIARY 

In Lieu of AF C 2118
 

VIIIth KR.I. HUSSARS

 

Month of January 1945

Commanding Officer:. Lt.- Col. C Goulbirn (to 26 Jan)

(From 27 Jan)- Lt.-Col. GRD Fitzpatrick, MBE, MC.

Place Date

Summary of Events and Information

Ref to Appces
630372  1 From 0930 to 1000hrs there was enemy fighter activity over our sector though no bombs were dropped and no strafing occurred.  "C" Sqn had nothing to report from GEBROEK. 8H Op Instr No13 was issued (See Appx)

GSGS 4336

Sheet No. 4

8H Op Instr 13

App D1

630372  2 At 1100hrs "C" Sqn reported an enemy sniper firing from the direction of BAKENHOVEN 6676.  Otherwise the day was quiet.  2 DEVONS relieved "C" Sqn in BUCHTEN 6473, and the mounted tp at GEBROEK and the canal post came under comd 2 DEVONS.  
630372  3 "B" Sqn relieved "C" Sqn mounted tp in GEBROEK and canal post.  At approx 1130hrs the canal post was approached from the WEST by local resistance tps who apparently mistook our sec for enemy.  They opened fire but no casualties were caused.  
630372  4 During the morning "A" Sqn Leader recce’d posns in HOLTUM 6573 preparatory to relieving 5 R Tks.  "B" Sqn had nothing to report apart from arty and SP fire directed at 11H in ROOSTEREN 6577.  The canal post did not move fwd (See 8H Op Inst No13) as the attack of BAKENHOVEN, planned for 5 Jan, had been cancelled.  
630372  5 "B" Sqn reported another quiet day.  It was now obvious that the enemy’s intentions on our front were no longer offensive.  Elsewhere on the front increased enemy digging and mining was reported.  It was established too that the sector from STEVENSWEERD – SAEFFELEN 7571 was held by only one enemy inf div.  
630372  6 "A" Sqn moved out at approx 0900hrs to relieve 5 R Tks at HOLTUM where they came under comd 2 DEVONS in a dismounted role.  Elts drawn from 8H Recce tp occupied a fwd posn in the Mill 667740.  Our posns were mortared during the afternoon but no casualties were sustained.  The C.O. visited the C.O. 5 DG at MUNSTERGELEEN 6865 in connection with the future relief of 8H.  
630372  7 There was nothing to report from either "A" or "B" Sqns during the day.  8H was notified of the impending relief by 5DG (See Appx) Main 22 Armd Bde messae form of 071830A
630372  8 HOLTUM was mortared during the morning and one shell scored a direct hit on our OP in the chateaux 667738.  The OP was not occupied at the time.  
  9 "A" Sqn was relieved by I Coy 1 RB and reverted to comd 8H at GREVENBIGHT, "B" Sqn, on its relief by elts 5 DG, moved to WINTRAAK 7065 and came under comd 131 Bde.  8H was now relieved of all commitments for the first time since 2 Dec 1944 and was to go into & Armd Div res with a counter-attack role. (See Appx)  
  10 At approx 1200hrs, following arrival of main body of 5DG, 8H less "B" Sqn moved to MUNSTERGELEEN 6865.   Route : GREVENBIGHT – BORN 6571 – X rds 663707 – EINIGHAUSEN 6668 – KLEINDORP 6767 – LEIJENBROEK 6866 -  686657.  During the night 10/11 Jan 8H was warned of a further move and recce parties stood by to leave the following morning.  
686657  11 Recce parties were sent to the area KRAWINKEL 6564 and the regt spent the day in maintenance and rest.  At 1730hrs the C.O. held a confce and outlined the nature of future ops.  
  12 At 0900hrs HQ Sqn moved to KRAWINKEL  The sabre Sqns following at half-hourly intervals.  RHQ was set up at 659647.  
659647  13 Maintenance and rest in Div res.  Baths were organised at the nearby coalmine.  
  14 Maintenance and rest in Div res.  Tanks and scout cars were whitewashed to serve as camouflage in snow.  This proved effective in practice.  At 1700hrs the C.O. held a confce at which he gave further details of the coming Corps offensive.  
  15 Maintenance and rest in Div res.  At 1100hrs the C.O. gave out detailed verbal orders the main points of which were embodied in 8H Operation Order No15 (See Appx)

8H O.O. No 15

Appx. D3

  16 The attack by 131 Bde on SUSTEREN and DIETEREN 6776 which had been postponed from the previous night commenced at first light.  The C.O. therefore was enabled to brief the Sqns during the morning.  
    The remainder of the day was spent in maintenance and rest.  
  17 Maintenance and rest.  
  18 maintenance and rest.  8H was ready to move at one hour’s notice.  
  19 Although 131 Bde had secured the area SCHILBURG 7079, HINGEN 7080, ECHT 6979 8H received no orders to move.  The day was spent in maintenance and rest  
  20

At first light the C.O. with "A" and "C" Sqn Leaders went to HQ 1 R Tks at SCHILBERG and then proceeded to recce area HINGEN 7180, SINT JOOST 7181.  The enemy’s withdrawal had been skilfully conducted and it was evident that he intended to impose the maximum delay on our adv.

 
    To this end he was still holding the village of SINT JOOST with its vital crossings over the KROM BEEK.  His strength was estimated at one Coy.  At 1000 the C.O. met the Brigadier 22 Armd Bde and immediately afterwards ordered 8H to move to SCHILBERG at 1100hrs.  
    The task of clearing SINT JOOST and seizing the brs fell to I Coy 1 RB with "C" Sqn in sp.  
    The attack began at 1430hrs but from the start met with opposition from determined inf and skilfully sited SP guns.  So exposed was our right that it was possible for the enemy to knock-out two tanks of "C" Sqn reserve tp on the rd SCHILBERG – HINGEN.  Our inf with one tp of tanks in close sp made some progress in SINT JOOST and prisoners identified two coys of PARA REGT HUBNER, last located further NORTH.   
    Our own inf casualties were heavy in the house-to-house fighting and the attack was held up short of the rd junc 716808.  Meanwhile two secs of the Recce tp with one tp "A" Sqn in sp had crossed the KROM BEEK at HINGEN making for the main rd to the NE.  Enemy SPs in the wood 7280 prevented progress and one Stuart tk was knocked out.  At last light a new plan was made.  9 DLI was to attack through I Coy 1 RB at approx 0030hrs and "C" Sqn was to remain in sp.  The "A" Sqn tp and Recce secs EAST of the KROM BEEK were withdrawn to area 720800 and a pl of 9 DLI sent to support them for the night.  
708793  21

The attack by 9 DLI made little progress and suffered hy casualties, "C" Sqn in sp lost one tk to an SP gun but knocked out the gun itself.  Approx 34 PW had been taken, and from statements made it appeared that a third Coy had arrived to reinforce the garrison.

 
   

It was decided to resume the attack at approx 1000hrs with 9 DLI and C Coy 1 RB adv in bounds through the village.  I Coy 1 RB was withdrawn and "C" Sqn relieved by "B" Sqn, who were to support the operation by fire from the area 72184 and from the main NORTH - SOUTH rd WEST of SINT JOOST.Before they were withdrawn the "A" Sqn tp EAST of the KROM BEEK lost two tanks to the roving SPs in the woods NORTH of them.

 
    The 9 DLI attack again made slow progress and by midday it was held up short of the enemy strongpoint 715808.  In the afternoon however "B" Sqn tanks proceeded to knock down house after house with their shells, flamethrowers were brought into operation and the br 717808 taken.  An enemy wireless intercept revealed that the German comd was begging for permission to withdraw and signs of withdrawal were reported towards last light.  It was decided to complete mopping up operations on 22 Jan, and at the same time send recce patrols to brs 747809 and 734820.  
  22

At first light two secs of Recce Tp worked up to the rd STEIL 7181 – MONTFORT and at approx 1030hrs reported the br 734820 blown.

 
    Two tps of "A" Sqn on the route to the SOUTH took longer to reach their obj but found on arrival that br 747809 was also blown, as was br 749806.  They were ordered to remain in observation until relieved by 5 DG whose task it was to capture MONTFORT.  Meanwhile the northern PORTION  of SINT JOOST was entered unopposed.  8H was ordered to concentrate in the gen area of SCHILBERG and came into Div res.  
  23 Maintenance and rest in Div res.   
    At 1700hrs "C" Sqn came under comd 1 Cdo Bde at MAASBRACHT 7084 and was ordered to move to BRACHTERBEEK 7284 before first light on 24 Jan.  
  24

Maintenance and rest in Div res.  During the morning "C" Sqn gave close sp to a bn of 1 Cdo Bde in their attack on MONTFORTERBEEK 736844 – 729859.  It was found however that the enemy had withdrawn during the night to LINNE 7485.

 
    At approx At approx 1600hrs one tp "C" Sqn and one tp Cdos attempted a raid on LINNE along the rd DE VILLA 733857 – LINNE.  Shortly after leaving the star point our inf and tks came under heavy HE fire from SPs and a suspected Mk IV tank in the town, and the force comd decided to return.  Our tks could not in any case have deployed from the rd and must have been good targets for enemy A/T defences.  
  25 Maintenance and rest in Div res.  A frontal attack on LINNE was carried out by 1 Cdo Bde, the inf riding fwd on "C" Sqn tanks under cover of a smoke screen.  The enemy had again withdrawn during the night and the town was firm-based by 3 Cdo sp by "C" Sqn.  
  26

Maintenance and rest  in Div res.  The C.O., who was leaving the Regt on the following day, visited all Sqns and a farewell dinner was held in the Offrs mess.  This was attended by Brig-Gen WINGFIELD DSO, MC. representing 22 Armd Bde and by Lt.Col the Earl of Lewis representing 7 Armd Div. 

 
    During the morning "C" Sqn was relieved at LINNE by one Sqn 1 R Tks (See Appx).  This was the first occasion  on which 8H had worked with Cdo tps, and the Sqn was commended for its co-operation by the Brigadier 1 Cdo Bde.

Tasks 7 Armd Div 26 Jan 45.

Appx. J1

  27 Maintenance and rest in Div res.  Lt.Col G.R.D.Fitzpatrick, MBE, MC., took command of the regt.  A Squadron Leaders’ confce was held at 1430hrs and a sabre Sqn organisation was discussed.  It was decided that four fighting tps be maintained, each tp to consist of two Cromwell tks and two Challenger tks, when the latter should become available in sufficient nos.   
  28 During the morning the C.O. visited all Sqns.  The Padre held church services as usual.  
  29 Maintenance and rest in Div res.  At 1800hrs the C.O. held a confce and outlined future ops.  Depending on the state of the rds 8H was to come under comd 131 Bde on 30 Jan and relieve 1 R Tks at POSTERHOLT 8081.  
  30 The move of 8H to POSTERHOLT was cancelled and 8H remained in Div res.  
  31 Maintenance and rest in Div res.  

 

 

WAR DIARY 

In Lieu of AF C 2118
 

VIIIth KR.I. HUSSARS

 

Month of February 1945

Commanding Officer:. Lt.-Col. G.R.D. Fitzpatrick, MBE, MC.

Place Date

Summary of Events and Information

Ref to Appces
707793  1 8H was ordered to relieve 13-18H at KONINGSBOSCH 7574 on 2 Feb and to come under comd 52(L) Div with the role of Armd res  
707793  2 8H less "B" Sqn moved to KONINGSBOSCH at approx 0930hrs.  Route : SCHILBURG – ECHTERBOSCH 7876 – KONINGSBOSCH.  "B" Sqn moved to WALDFEUCHT 7775  and sent one tp to BRUGGELCHEN 7876 under comd 52 Recce Regt.  "B" Sqn was therefore the first Sqn to enter Germany during the present war.  Very few civilians had remained in WALDFEUCHT.  RHQ was set up at 750742.  Area : HEINSBURG and BRAUNSRATH recce’d by Sqn Ldrs.  
750742  3 8H under comd 52(L) Div in sp 156 Bde.  Maintenance was carried out as far as possible.  
750742  4 8H under comd 52(L) Div in sp of 156 Bde.  Maintenance continued.  
750742  5 Relief of 52(L) Div by 35 US Div was completed and 8H came under comd 35 US Div.  All rds however were disintegrating rapidly owing to a very heavy thaw and movement was becoming so difficult that it was doubtful if the Regt could have operated if called upon to do so.  
750742  6 8H was ordered to move on 7 Feb to GREVENBIGHT 6273 and revert to comd 22 Armd Bde.Recce parties were sent to GREVENBIGHT and the Regt prepared to move  
750742  7 8H moved to GREVENBIGHT at approx 0830hrs.  Route : KONINGSBOSCH – ECHTERBOSCH 7676 – SCHILBURG 7079 – SUSTEREN 6775 – ROOSTEREN 6577 – ILLIKHOVEN 6475 – GREVENBIGHT.  The heavy thaw entailed the necessity of every B veh to be towed some 3 miles out of KONINGSBOSCH.  
630732   8 Under comd 22 Armd Bde.  Maintenance and rest.  The Regt was in Divisional Reserve with 1/5 Queens.  Lt Tisdall, MC., took over the duties of IO from Lt Mossop, who was posted to "B" Sqn.  
630732   9 Under comd 22 Armd Bde, in Div res.  Maintenance and rest.  
630732   10 Major Huth, MC.  Took over duties of 2i/c.  Lt Ryde was posted to "B" Sqn from "C" Sqn, and Lt Craven from "A" Sqn to HQ Sqn.  Gunnery, Wireless and D&M courses started.  
630732   11 GOC 7 Armd Div (Maj-Gen L.O.Lyne, CB DSO) attended 8H Church service and read the lesson.  He then inspected Officers and all NCOs down to the rank of Cpl.  After the parade the GOC lectured all Offrs and NCOs on the part the Regt played in clearing the enemy out of the ROER - MAAS triangle, complimenting the Regt on its fighting at ST JOOST 7 LINNE.  
630732   12 Sqns started the job of giving all vehs a new coat of camouflage paint.  
630732   13 Painting of Vehs continued.  
630732   14 Painting of vehs and maintenance.  
630732   15 Lt (QM) O’Malley, Lt Kirkham, AP/WO II Knill, Sgt Williams and Sgt Marshall left for UK on LILOP Scheme (Leave in lieu of PYTHON)  
630732   16 Maintenance of tanks and B vehs was carried out.  
630732   17 All 1st gunners and 50% 2nd gunners to LOMMEL  range (2798) to fire practices.  Billeted in houses in village of HEIDE.  
630732   18 Very bad visibility made firing almost impossible.  Maj Phillips went “LILOP” to UK.  
630732   19 Moved to MAESEYCK under 2i/c.  Firing continued at LOMMEL under bad weather conditions.  Capt. Robertson once more promoted to A/Major. APPX. D1.
632796  20

"C" Sqn gave a demonstration of indirect firing on LOMMEL ranges which was watched by GOC 7 Armd Div and reps from all Units in the Bde.

APPX. J1
632796  21

Lt Jephson posted from "B" Sqn to "C" Sqn.

 
632796  22

Maintenance was carried out by all Sqns.

 
632796  23 Individual training commenced in earnest in Gunnery, Wireless and D&M.  
632796  24

Comd 22 Armd Bde gave lecture at Bde HQ to all tk comds.

 
632796  25 Padre held usual Church services.  
632796  26

Sqn Ldrs attended sand-table exercise at Bde HQ.  News was received that Lt.Col. C.Goulburn had been awarded the DSO.

 
632796  27 An American tk (M24) with full crew had been attached to the Regt for the past four days, giving all round instruction on the tk.  
632796  28 Sqn Ldrs confce on stowage.  Capt. P.H.V. de Clermont arrived.  

 

 

WAR DIARY 

In Lieu of AF C 2118
 

VIIIth KR.I. HUSSARS

 

Month of March 1945

Commanding Officer:. Lt.-Col. G.R.D. Fitzpatrick, MBE, MC.

Place Date

Summary of Events and Information

Ref to Appces
632796  1 Capt. P.H.V. de Clermont took over the duties of Adjt from Capt. J.A.G.Ladenburg who proceeded on leave prior to taking up an appointment as a G III at 12 Corps.  Individual trg and maintenance cont.  
  2 The C.O., Lt.Col.Fitzpatrick, left for UK on a four days course on Air Sp at OLD SARUM.  In his absence Major Huth took over comd of the Regt.  
  3 Warning order received that the Regt should be ready to move to an unknown destination on 6 March..  
  4 Recce parties left to recce new areas for the Regt near LOUVAIN.  These had hardly left before a counter-order was received saying that the location had been changed and further recce parties were sent out to recce an area SOUTH of ZOMEREN 5912.  Usual services were held by the Padre.  
  5 Regt proceeded to prepare itself for the move, and orders were received that this would take place the following day.  
  6 The Regt moved from MAESEYCK to its new area  SOUTH of ZOMEREN.  
    Order of March :- "A", "B" "C" Sqns, and RHQ.  The march was uneventful.  Two tks broke down, but later came in under their own steam.  The Regt was billeted in a very scattered area along the line of the canal SOUTH of ZOMEREN which caused considerable admin difficulties.  
596108  7 Maintenance and settling into new area.  In the afternoon tks of "A" and "C" Sqns proceeded to LOMMEL ranges to fire the following two days.  
  8 Shooting on LOMMEL ranges.  Good results were obtained in fair weather conditions.  
  9 Shooting on LOMMEL ranges.  Remainder, Tp trg on a trg area SOUTH of ZOMEREN.  
  10 "B" Sqn gave a demonstration of indirect shooting in co-operation with, and controlled by, 5 RHA.  This demonstration was extremely successful, and showed how the fire of a Sqn of tks could be superimposed on a bty fire-plan.  Bde Boxing Competition took place in the afternoon,  SQMS JESKINS beating Capt Meade in the final of the Lt-Heavyweight.  
  11 The Padre having gone home on leave, Church Services were held at Bde HQ.  
  12 Collective trg started, 1 R Tks giving demonstration of the use of a bull-dozer in removing a rd-block.  C.O. returned from UK and resumed Comd.  
  13 Collective trg.  "A" Sqn did a scheme, “Co-operation Inf and Tks” with 1/5 QUEENS  
  14 Collective trg.  In the evening a lecture on “Air Sp” was given by Wing Comd, RAF, at Div HQ at HEEZE.  
  15 Trg continued.  
  16 An Offr from 4 Fd Sqn RE carried out a mine testing examination of the Regtl Mine Lifting Squads.  This was most satisfactory and great value was obtained.  The "A" Sqn team was found particularly good.  
  17 St Patrick’s Day.  The day was devoted to recreational trg.  A football match was played against 5 DG.  It was a good game and we were beaten 4 – 1.  In the second half they had more than their fair share of the game, but the team lacked finish.    
    In the evening the C.O. and Offrs gave a party at NEEDEWEERT to the Div and Bde Staffs, and friends in other Regts of the Div.  
  18 Recreational Trg.  Church services held at Bde.  
  19 Tks of "A" and "B" Sqns left to shoot at LOMMEL ranges for the next two days.  The main object was to shoot in a number of CHALLENGER tks which had been drawn recently.  Lt.Col.Fitzpatrick lectured to Fd Offrs of the Div on offensive Air Sp.  
    Div Comd followed by lecturing on occupation of GERMANY.  
  20 Shooting at LOMMEL most successful.  Except for one or two teething troubles the CHALLENGER proved satisfactory.  
  21 Shooting at LOMMEL.  
  22 Two CROMWELL 75mm tks were loaned to the Div School for their shooting at LOMMEL.  Remainder, maintenance on their having returned from the ranges.  
  23 "B" Sqn gave a demonstration, co-operating with the 1/5 QUEENS, “The attack and clearing of a Village”.  Warning Order received that the Regt would be prepared to move to its Conc Area for the next battle, on Sunday, March 25.  
  24 The Regt received a Warning Order to be prepared to move to conc area near GELDERN 0225 (Map ESSEN 1:100,000).  The day was spent in packing up.  A grand view of the Airborne Op was witnessed, the entire party flying over our locn continuously for four hours.  
  25 THE regt moved at 1400hrs to conc area near GELDERN.  Order of March :- "A", "B", RHQ, "C" and A1.  "B" Ech moved under Bde orders to HELDEN 790038.  After a slow start due to the bottle-neck over the BAILEY br at NEEDEWEERT, it was a good run to VENLO where a further traffic-jam resulted where we had to cross the MEUSE. Appx G1.
    The Regt reached its new locn at 965195 at 1700hrs and went into open leaguer.  O.C. 8H attended a conference at WALBECK, from which we learnt that the Regt, in the initial stage of the op, would be under comd 131 Bde.  
0225  26 2i/c, Major Huth, moved off with Recce parties at first light to recce a harbour area NORTH of the RHINE.  The day was spent in maintenance. The C.O. visited all Sqns and addressed all ranks on the forthcoming op and relations with the GERMANS after occupation.

GSGS 4416

ESSEN

1:100,000

    Orders received for the crossing of the RHINE.  The Regt were to move at the head of 131 Inf Bde: SP main rd just NORTH of GELDERN: time – 1100hrs.  
  27 The Regt moved at 0930hrs from its existing locn.  Order of March :- RHQ, "A", "B", A1 and "C".  Moving by the bye-rds to the Sp, within half-a-mile it was clear that all rds were chock-a-block with traffic and chances of reaching the SP in time were small.  To avoid confusion, "C" and "B" Sqns were diverted before entering the rd, to the main GELDERN-VENLO highway and were joined by RHQ and "A" Sqn shortly after.   Appx D1.
    When the head reached this rd there was a line of traffic nose-to-croup and it was impossible to even get on to this main rd.  The Regt remained halted in this position for several hrs. There appeared to be no traffic control whatsoever in a situation where, at least, one CORPS were converging on three brs, of which only one was Class 40.   
    The SP was reached at 1700hrs where a further long halt took place.  Moving in the dark, better progress was made and with "C" Sqn in the lead, followed by RHQ, the Regt crossed the br at XANTEN 1141, in brilliant moonlight, at 2300hrs and went into harbour area MARS 1643.  
1643 28 Regt, under comd 131 Inf Bde, received orders to move to BRUNEN 2748.  The C.O. went on to Bde HQ for orders and the Regt moved under comd Major HUTH passing through DURSFORDTER WALD, HAMMINGKELN 2148, and along the main rd to BRUNEN.  This passed through the main dropping and landing zones of the op carried out by 6 AIRBORNE Div.  Many crashed gliders were seen and it was clear that the op, although successful, had been expensive.  The escarpment running NORTH and SOUTH through BRUNEN had not been held and orders were given to adv to RAESFELD and firm-base the town.   
    22 Armd Bde Gp had cleared that town and was adv NORTH.  "C" Sqn led and reached RAESFELD at about 1400hrs when they moved out to the NORTH and EAST and the Recce Tp sent a patrol to the area 4157, and contacted tks of 6 AIRBORNE DIV to the SOUTH.  Odd shelling from SPs took place during the afternoon and evening causing only one casualty.  
    At about 1800hrs "A" Sqn were ordered NORTH to BORKEN 3961, to sp 2 DEVONS who were firm-basing the town, as it was thought possible that 15 PG Div might attempt to break EAST.  The remainder of the Regt harboured on the NORTHERN edge of RAESFELD which, by this time, had been occupied by 1/5 QUEENS.  Except for a few odd shells at about 0400hrs, a quiet night was spent.  
3853 29 At 0700hrs the Regt came under comd 22 Armd Bde and received orders to conc art BORKEN.  We moved up and halted in the SOUTHERN outskirts of the town.  At about 1100hrs "C" Sqn were ordered to the NORTH to do flank protection to CL main rd BORKEN – WESEKE 4068.  
    They moved off encountering considerable difficulty from heavy going which had resulted from the heavy rains of the last few days.  A certain amount of opposition was encountered from odd parties of the enemy and a few SP guns lurking in the background.  The adv of 22 Armd Bde was held up by strong enemy opposition at WESEKE.  Elements of 5DG had attempted to bye-pass this position to the WEST and had reached area 3767.   
    The main brs across the stream to the SW of GEMEN 4063 had been blown by the enemy.  It was, therefore, considered that it would be unlikely for the enemy to be in strength to the NORTH of these blows.  At about 1300hrs OC 8H visited Bde Tac HQ and was ordered to attempt to outflank the WESEKE position by way of GR.BURLO 3468, and ODING 3671.  
    The 8H Gp then consisted of 8H, “G” Bty RHA, and I Coy, 1 RB.  "C" Sqn was, therefore, ordered to move to BORKENWIRTH 3566, and there dominate the main rd BORKEN - GR.BURLO.  Enemy SP guns were known to be op to the SOUTH of this place and it was hoped that it might be possible to cut them off.  "C" Sqn met some opposition in the vicinity of the rly crossing, 3666, but this was satisfactorily dealt with and Lt. GOULD’s tp soon est itself at BORKENWIRTH.  During this time, however, part of "C" Sqn was bogged further to the SOUTH.  Lt.GOULD unfortunately missed a GERMAN SP on the rd due to the fact that his loader had loaded SABOT without letting into the secret either the gunner or Lt.GOULD.  The SP withdrew, greatly alarmed.  Shortly afterwards he dealt faithfully with a GERMAN staff car.  
    During the earlier part of the day "C" Sqn had already accounted for one half-track, one staff car, and an ambulance.  In the meanwhile the remainder of the Regt was conc in the area 3864.  It was intended that "B" Sqn, with under comd one Mot Pl, should pass through "C" Sqn, est at BORKENWIRTH as a firm base and SOUTHERN flank-guard, and capture GR.BURLO and  ODING.  "B" Sqn’s leading tp, however, met considerable opposition from the area of BURLO rly station 3567.  Their leading tp, commanded by Lt.RYDE, came under fire from an SP gun concealed in the edge of a wood.    
    A CHALLENGER tk received a direct hit but the shot never penetrated the mantlet. The 17pdr gun, however, was put out of action.  Lt.RYDE immediately closed with the SP gun and knocked it out at close range.  A number of GERMAN inf men immediately withdrew from the station area.  By this time it was getting dark.  OC 8H ordered "B" Sqn to send a patrol into GT.BURLO to test if it was held.    
    This proved not to be the case, but OC 8H decided it was too late to continue the adv and ordered "B" Sqn to harbour astride the rd about 1500yds SOUTH of the rly station.  The remainder of the Gp harboured at BORKENWIRTH.  The night was uneventful except for the capture of one GERMAN DR who was not in the picture.  
3566 30 The adv continued by way of GR.BURLO to ODING 3671.  "A" Sqn led and, reaching the rd and rly crossing at 343689, came under mortar fire and sniping from the NORTH.  The leading tp, which passed into the wooded area, was also attacked by men armed with bazookas and two tks were quickly k.o’d.  It was soon clear that it would be impossible to open this rd through the woods to ODING without methodically clearing this area with inf, sp by tks.  The woods were thick and came right down to the rd, which was impossible to leave, and it was an ideal defensive position for determined men.  The leading tp of "A" Sqn was virtually written off, Lt.ANSTEY being killed.  Two tks, however, had adv as far as the stream on the SOUTHERN outskirts of ODING.  One had been knocked out and the other had been ordered to withdraw when its comd, Sgt CONSTABLE, had been badly wounded in the head.  Sgt CONSTABLE had, however, continued to fight with what remained of Lt.ANSTEY’s tp, despite his serious wound, until finally ordered to withdraw when his was the only tk remaining in action. Appx F1
    I Coy, 1RB, successfully cleared the woods on the WEST of rd.  A large number of the enemy escaped across the rd to the EASTERN side where they remained strongly entrenched.  The enemy were part of Battle Gp PRIMUS, and composed of HERMAN GOERING tps of 7 Para Div.  It appeared that they constituted 7 Para Div’s EAST flank guard covering WINTERSWIJK 3075.  These GERMAN soldiers fought with great determination.  In the meanwhile, one patrol of Recce Tp was ordered to find a route from BURLO station to the EAST of the woods.  This patrol reported that the going was extremely bad and that they had had vehs stuck.  Nevertheless, "B" Sqn was ordered to proceed by this way and to neutralise the enemy in STERNBUSH 356696, and, if possible, to outflank the wood and rejoin the rd in the area 363704.  "B" Sqns progress was extremely slow owing to the going and considerable opposition near STERNBUSH.

Appx J1.

Map

ODING

     OC 8H requested more inf from HQ 22 Armd Bde and one Coy, 2 DEVONS, were despatched.  However, owing to the circuitous route which this Coy had to take, it did not arrive until nearly 1700hrs.  A plan for clearing the rd was made.  One Coy 2 DEVONS was to attack the woods to the EAST.  I Coy, 1 RB, was to clear, once again, the woods to the WEST.  "A" Sqn, 8H, and “G” Bty were to sp this attack.  It was hoped to get additional artillery sp but this was not certain.    
    Whilst this inf attack was being mounted "B" Sqn successfully worked as far NORTH as the small circular wood at 361702.  Here, after a tough fight, Sgt TAYLOR captured 50 GERMAN paratroopers.  Probably as a result of this action the enemy, in the woods astride the rd, withdrew.  Certainly there were very few there when the attack went in at 1830hrs.  Lt.Pott, comd a tp of "B" Sqn, adv up to the br on the SOUTHERN edge of ODING and removed the explosive charge.  ODING was definitely held at the time, and OC "B" Sqn was ordered not to attempt to enter the village until the rd had been cleared and it was possible to get reinforcements and inf up to his leading tp.  
    It was now getting dark.  "B" Sqn was ordered to harbour in the vicinity of the rd junc 363704, and "A" Sqn about 800yds to the SOUTHWEST.  One Coy 2 DEVONS found a pl for "B" Sqn’s protection; the Coy, less one pl, remained with "A" Sqn.  Patrols to the br SOUTH of ODING, in the early hrs of the next morning, reported it was still intact.  8H Regtl Gp, less "B" Sqn, "A" Sqn and one Coy 2 DEVONS, harboured in the area of BURLO station.  
   

Casualties :- "A" Sqn lost four tks destroyed and one damaged, and Lt.ANSTEY and six ORs killed, three ORs wounded, and six missing believed PW

"B" Sqn had four ORs wounded.

106 enemy were made PW and probably 50 killed

"A" Sqn brewed-up a lorry and an A/Tk gun, and "B" Sqn two lorries and some amn dumps.

 
3468 31 The regt moved up into ODING at first light and reverted to comd 131 Bde with the task of clearing ODING and allowing the passage through of 4 Armd Bde, who were directed to VREDEN 3783, having come up on the previous evening on our left.  
    The br to the EAST of the town was found blown but an alternative route to SUDLOHN 4072 was found and orders were received for the whole Regt to conc in the area 434743 where we arrived at 1300hrs with the prospect of a short rest.  At 1630hrs new orders were received to move at once to the area 4483 with the task of flank protection to the main CL and with particular ref to blocking rds VREDEN – HENGLAR – WANDFELD, and OTTENSTEIN - SAMSTATHE.  The Regt got on the move extremely quickly and, with "C" Sqn leading, moved about 1715hrs.  "C" Sqn were to block the NORTHERN rd and "B" Sqn the SOUTHERN rd.  RHQ, with "A" Sqn, went into leaguer in the area 448833.  A quiet night was spent with no action from the enemy on any part of our front.  

 

8H Adm. INSTRUCTION No 1. (Rhine Crossing)    8th K.R.I.Hussars
     
    24th March 1945

                                                                                                          

 

Ref Maps : 1: 100.000, Sheets MAESEYCK, ESSEN.

 

INTENTION.

  1. 8H will move to conc area, previously recce’d on 25 Mar.

 

METHOD

 

      2.   Echelons                      .

            (a)  A1   Ech – Comd – RSM

                                                Composition 6 Amn Lorries

                                                                      6 POL       “

                                                                      Regtl Office Lorry

                                                                      2 Signal vehs

                                                                      HQ Fitters half-track

                                                                      Spare Scout Car

                                                                      Adjts Jeep

                                                                      Tech Officer

                                                                      Provost

                                                                      CO’s Staff Car

                                                                      Offrs Mess

            (b)  A2  Ech – Comd – Lt Rampf

                                                Composition  All Amn & POL Lorries not in A1 Ech

                                                                      Adv det LAD

                                                                      IM’s Wkshop

                                                                      Bty Lorry

                                                                      2 Sig 15 cwts

                  This Ech will move under separate instrs issued to comd by

                  Comd Bde A2 Ech.

           (c)  B      Ech - Comd -  Maj Robertson             

                                                Composition  All remaining B vehs & remainder LAD

                                                                     

                  This Ech will move to area NEER, E 7797 probably 26 Mar under orders to be issued                                   Rear 22 Armd Bde HQ’

 

(d)   OsC Sqns may include the following extra vehs in their fighting echelons for their use in

                  the conc area.  Those vehs will rejoin B Ech when the Regt moves from the conc area   

 

                                                                      Offrs Mess Vehs

                                                                      Mens Cooking Vehs

 

3.   Movement Table                See Appx "A"

 

4.   SUPS    (a)   5 days rations will be carried on all vehs fwd of B Ech

(b)       Fresh rations have been issued for consumption on 25 & 26 Mar

(c)        Five days rum ration already held will be carried in A2 Ech 

(d)       Whilst B Ech remain West of R. MAAS replenishment will remain as at present

5      POL          After arrival in conc area jerricans containing petrol will be put on vehs as follows                       (a)     Tks – 3 jerricans

                   (b)   Other vehs – 1 jerrican                                                                     

              This will be used for topping up vehs 1 mile short of RHINE crossing.

 

 

6.   WATER (a)  WP at 510080 now closed.  WP at 013277 opens 25 Mar.   

(b)   A water shortage may be experienced East of R.RHINE.  All water cans at present  held will be filled before leaving conc area.                                

7.   RECOVERY

                          As Bde Rec Sec and LAD are unable to maintain stranded tk crews each sabre Sqn will provide in A2 a reserve of 15 blankets.  An additional 80 rations have been demanded for this purpose and will be drawn by QM 26 Mar, and issued to Comd A2 Ech.  Rec on line of march will be by ARV fwd to conc area.

8.   MEDICAL  ADS is being established in Bde conc area, locn to be notified later.

 

INTERCOM

9.   WIRELESS  Wireless silence will continue in force until further orders.

 

10. Comn during the move will be by DR.

   

Signed…P.H.V.de Clermont……………………

                            Captain

Adjutant 8th K.R.I.Hussars

 

 
     

 

 

VIIIth  K.R.I.HUSSARS

 

 

CASUALTIES FOR MONTH OF MARCH 1945

 

 

 

 

 

"A" SQUADRON

 

March 1945

Number

Rank & Name

Killed, Wounded or Missing

1 to 29 Inclusive

Nil

Nil

Nil

30

232704

W/Lt. Anstey, R.H.

Killed

30

13046506

Tpr. Lawrie, J.

Killed

30

7949722

APLS  Scott, H.

Killed

30

7961525

Tpr. Saunders, J.

Killed

30

14495580

Tpr. Morton, D.

Killed

30

14524689

Tpr. Collison,W.

killed

30

319120

W/Sgt. Constable, L.

Wounded - GSW Face.

30

4541318

Tpr. Southall, S.

Wounded - Frac Arm.

30

4984291

ULC. Coles, R.

Wounded – Perf. ear drum.

30

7897636

W/Cpl. Burns, J.

Believed PW

30

14326549

Tpr. Combe, R.

Believed PW

30

13106654

Tpr. Weldon, H.

Believed PW

30

14679015

Tpr. Batten, J.

Believed PW (wounded?)

30

4077404

Tpr. Hollings, J.

Believed PW

30

14229199

Tpr. Eldin, J.

Believed PW (Located Civ Hospital in Holland)

 

VIIIth  K.R.I.HUSSARS

 

 

CASUALTIES FOR MONTH OF MARCH 1945

 

 

 

 

 

"A" SQUADRON

 

March 1945

Number

Rank & Name

Killed, Wounded or Missing

1 to 29 Inclusive

Nil

Nil

Nil

30

232704

W/Lt. Anstey, R.H.

Killed

30

13046506

Tpr. Lawrie, J.

Killed

30

7949722

APLS  Scott, H.

Killed

30

7961525

Tpr. Saunders, J.

Killed

30

14495580

Tpr. Morton, D.

Killed

30

14524689

Tpr. Collison,W.

killed

30

319120

W/Sgt. Constable, L.

Wounded - GSW Face.

30

4541318

Tpr. Southall, S.

Wounded - Frac Arm.

30

4984291

ULC. Coles, R.

Wounded – Perf. ear drum.

30

7897636

W/Cpl. Burns, J.

Believed PW

30

14326549

Tpr. Combe, R.

Believed PW

30

13106654

Tpr. Weldon, H.

Believed PW

30

14679015

Tpr. Batten, J.

Believed PW (wounded?)

30

4077404

Tpr. Hollings, J.

Believed PW

30

14229199

Tpr. Eldin, J.

Believed PW (Located Civ Hospital in Holland)

 

VIIIth  K.R.I.HUSSARS

 

 

CASUALTIES FOR MONTH OF MARCH 1945

 

 

 

 

 

"A" SQUADRON

 

March 1945

Number

Rank & Name

Killed, Wounded or Missing

1 to 29 Inclusive

Nil

Nil

Nil

30

232704

W/Lt. Anstey, R.H.

Killed

30

13046506

Tpr. Lawrie, J.

Killed

30

7949722

APLS  Scott, H.

Killed

30

7961525

Tpr. Saunders, J.

Killed

30

14495580

Tpr. Morton, D.

Killed

30

14524689

Tpr. Collison,W.

killed

30

319120

W/Sgt. Constable, L.

Wounded - GSW Face.

30

4541318

Tpr. Southall, S.

Wounded - Frac Arm.

30

4984291

ULC. Coles, R.

Wounded – Perf. ear drum.

30

7897636

W/Cpl. Burns, J.

Believed PW

30

14326549

Tpr. Combe, R.

Believed PW

30

13106654

Tpr. Weldon, H.

Believed PW

30

14679015

Tpr. Batten, J.

Believed PW (wounded?)

30

4077404

Tpr. Hollings, J.

Believed PW

30

14229199

Tpr. Eldin, J.

Believed PW (Located Civ Hospital in Holland)

       

(a)   "B" SQUADRON

1 to 27 inclusive

Nil

Nil

Nil

28

328303

AP/Sgt. Russell, A.

Wounded, Frac lt Elbow.

30

2875649

W/Sgt. Taylor, G.

Wounded, GSW, lt Thigh

30

7903283

W/Cpl. Hall, B.

Wounded, Comp Frac rt Femur

30

5781460

W/Cpl. Hall, B.

Wounded, GSW lt hand Finger

30

7940316

APLC. Stebbings, T.

Wounded GSW, Back.

31

14339566

Tpr. Cowlin, P.

Wounded, Frac lt Shoulder

(a)   "C" SQUADRON

1 to 31 inclusive

Nil

                  Nil

Nil

 

VEHICLE CASUALTIES FOR MONTH OF MARCH 1945

       

Date

Squadron

Type

Remarks

1 to 28 inclusive

Nil

Nil

Nil

29

"B"

Challenger

Direct hit on gun mantlet, no penetration.

30

"A"

"A"

"A"

"A"

"A"

Cromwell

Cromwell

Cromwell

Cromwell

Challenger

Destroyed

Destroyed

Destroyed

Destroyed

Damaged

31

Nil

Nil

Nil

 

From 7 ARMD DIV Intelligence Summary No 271

 

31 MARCH 1945

 

On the “I” side the most interesting PW was Oberst PRIMUS, Comd of 4 Para Ers Regt.  This nice clueless old body clocked in on our FWD Del  Sqn after being out of touch with higher fmns for two days.  His last order was to report to WINTERSWIJK but, bearing in mind the reception given to stragglers by 2 Para Army’s Fd Courts Martial, he sent his Adjt and dossed down.  He willingly elucidated the picture so far as he knew it!  He was put u/c 15 PG Div to hold the line excl BORKEN to excl BOCHOLT and was thus on the right of 33 PG Ers Bn which we met at GEMEN.  When we broke through to WESEKE he was ordered to swing round and face EAST in front of WINTERSWIJK.  Our tks, however, working WEST of the centre-line were right in among his tps and he was quite unable to comply.

 

PW taken fighting today were again from fresh units.  On the left we identified 197 GR.  This is one of two Regts formed from HERMANN GOERING Div rft units at its base in HOLLAND.  It moved from the HAGUE area on 27 Mar and arrived here two days later, when it was ordered to take over in the ODING area from parachute tps.  The latter, which were stated to have 88mm and 150mm guns, and SPs in support, was to fall back on WINTERSWIJK.  The 197 GR hardly concerns us at all as it is mainly well on our left.  Its II Bn is stated to have a ROYAL TIGER; its tpt is said to have returned to fetch a second regt.  Its job is obviously to protect the withdrawal of 15 PG Div and the parachute divs.  These latter are still in contact.  7 Para had lost 2000 PW and they are all very weak.  Tks which entered AALTEN found a Para Ers Bn with no weapons at all.

 

FROM PT. II.

Oberst PRIMUS, CO 4 Para Trg Regt PRIMUS.

Oberst PRIMUS is a handsome and dignified, if slightly vague, old buffer.  His Regt, which he insisted was a Trg Regt and NOT intended for active service, was brought down from HOLLAND and put u/c 15 PG Div (“16 PG Div” as he called it).  On 29 Mar, in the late afternoon, he was ordered to hold a sector RHEDE 2660 – BURLO 3468.  On his right were tps of 7 Para Div.

Later during the same day out tks broke through on his left, and he asked 15 PG Div for permission to

withdraw.  This was refused.  By this time the sitn had become really chaotic, Div rang up again

granting permission to withdraw in the direction of WINTERSWIJK and ordering PRIMUS to report

to a CP at LAMMERS, SOUTH of WINTERSWIJK.  He was just about to set off for the CP when he

realised that this was probably an invitation to be shot by a Mobile Court-Martial; so he told his Adjt

to go instead and walked over to the nearest British Tps.

 

His Regt had three bns, but he thought the confusion was such that very few could have managed to escape.

He had NOT bothered to find out the locn of 15 PG Div HQ as he considered them ugly common people who never took any trouble to look after him.

When warned to conceal his nice new leather dispatch case from the covetous eyes of British Liberation tps the Oberst replied mournfully – “I’ve lost my house and all I possess already so I really don’t care who has my dispatch case and shaving kit”

The Oberst carried in his pocket the summary of a long and involved Court martial, the highlight of the evidence therein being the NAAFI ration drawn by 5 Coy PRIMUS on 27 Feb, viz:

24 bottles Champagne

24            Liqueur

10            Cognac

27            Wine

 

Thirsty work, training!

 

 

 

WAR DIARY 

In Lieu of AF C 2118
 

VIIIth KR.I. HUSSARS

 

Month of APRIL 1945

Commanding Officer:. Lt.-Col. G.R.D. Fitzpatrick, MBE, MC.

Place Date

Summary of Events and Information

Ref to Appces
448833  1 The Regt moved in the morning up the main CL through AHAUS 5087 – HEEK 5791 METELEN 6494 to WETTRINGEN 7102.  No definite orders had been received as to how far we were going, and on reaching the latter place considerable hold-up ensued.  Subsequently the Regt moved into leaguer just to the WEST of the rd four miles to the SOUTH WEST of RHEINE 7909, where fighting was still going on.  In the evening "A" Sqn moved out to a position NORTH of WETTRINGEN as a flank guard to the CL taking up positions on the rly.  
  2 Regtl Gp, consisting of 8H, “G” Bty, RHA, and one Coy, 1 RB, stood by all day waiting for orders to move.  11 Armd Div had secured a bridgehead over the EMS and the Canal to the NORTH, SOUTH of IBBENBUREN 9809.  The rd leading NORTH to IBBENBUREN however, passed through a defile flanked by steep wooded hills on either side.  
    This admirable defensive position had been occupied by several thousand enemy OCTU cadets and members of NCO’s Schools.  It was intended that 11 Armd Div should clear the rd to IBBENBUREN thence swing EAST; 7 Armd Div, with 131 Inf Bde in the lead, would use the same series of brs and adv NORTH EAST from IBBENBUREN.  
  3 It was expected to conc the Bde in the area RIESENBACH 9306, and a Recce Party under the 2i/c went forward to choose a harbour area.  No move, however, took place.  The RIO, Lt Tisdall, involved himself in a motor smash and was evacuated with a suspected fractured leg.  
  4 The C.O. left for HQ, 131 Inf Bde, in company OC 1/5 QUEENS, at first light.  8H Gp moved under the 2i/c to the area reconnoitred on the previous day.  131 Inf Bde had, in the meanwhile, taken over the op SOUTH of IBBENBUREN from 11 Armd Div and were meeting with considerable success in clearing the woods on either side of the pass.  At 131 Inf Bde HQ, OC 8H and OC 1/5 QUEENS were ordered to be prepared to adv and clear IBBENBUREN once the pass had been secured.   
    A plan was made involving the employment of a task force – Comd Major CHARLTON, "B" Sqn Recce Tp, one Coy 1 RB.  This force was to est itself SOUTH of the town and carry out detailed reconnaissances of all the approaches and flanking routes.  It moved NORTH of the Canal, and harboured between the Canal and SOUTHERN entrance to the pass in readiness.  
    Opposition continued to be so strong in the area IBBENBUREN that it was decided, by 1600hrs, to pass 22 Armd Bde along part of the 11 Armd Div CL and thence on the rd WESTECAPALLEN 0913 – HALEM 1415 – BRAMSCHE 1623.  8H and 1/5 QUEENS were ordered to follow 22 Armd Bde but to turn NORTH off the CL to TECKLENBURG 0502 and LEDDE 0504, and to est themselves in the area HOVERINGHAUSEN 0309, with the object of outflanking the enemy at IBBENBUREN.    
    A composite adv guard, under comd Major FIRTH, consisting of "C" Sqn and one Coy 1/5 QUEENS, led.  The adv started at 1900hrs.  The rd was heavily congested with traffic and progress was slow.  Leading elements reached the br over the rly LANGENBECK 036073 at about 2230hrs.  Here they were held up by enemy inf and bazooka fire.  Lt.PIM’s tk was hit, and he was severely wounded.  The driver and the gnr, however, continued and drove on over the br and disappeared into the darkness beyond.  The Coy 1/5 QUEENS started to clear the houses on the SOUTH side of the rly.  When this had been completed one pl was despatched NORTH to try and contact Lt.PIM’s tk which had become bogged.  This pl was heavily engaged by the enemy and lost seven casualties quickly.    
    The situation had become confused and it was decided to break off the action until first light the following morning.  Considerable difficulty was experienced owing to the fact that the rd was narrow and tortuous and it was not possible to pass vehs along the column.  RHQ, Recce Tp and "B" Sqn closed-up and harboured on the high ground 038068, to the SOUTH of LANGENBECK.  "A" Sqn was ordered to remain at LEDDE during the remainder of the night.  OC 1/5 QUEENS crawled forward and disposed the remainder of his Bn on the high ground already occupied by RHQ, Recce Tp and "B" Sqn.  This was not a satisfactory op and it is considered that night adv against un-reconnoitred positions, on a narrow front, are not a practicable op of war.  
038077   5 At first light "C" Sqn, with under comd 1/5 QUEENS, successfully cleared the remainder of the houses in the NORTH of the village and pushed forward 4 Tp to the X rds at 031097, where, for several hours, they engaged small parties of enemy inf.  Lt.PIM’s tk was recovered but no trace of Lt.PIM, or two other members of his crew, was found.  Later a PW reported that he had been removed to a civ hospital somewhere in the NORTH.  Subsequent information from a medical unit, which occupied the area later, revealed that he had died in hospital in IBBENBUREN on 8 Apr.   
    About midday the Regt was conc and directed on HALEM 1415.  The Regt was in sp 1/5 QUEENS who were acting as flank guard to the Bde CL.  The Regt was disposed with RHQ by the “T” junc at 144157, "B" Sqn at 192173, "A" Sqn at 141132, and "C" Sqn with RHQ, less one tp which was in position covering a br at 118162.  This tp, which was in sp of a carrier pl of 1/5 QUEENS, was attacked during the evening and Sgt. MANNING, Tp Ldr, was killed in the engagement that took place.  
144157 6 TThe Regt moved early and followed the CL through ENGTER 2221 – VENNE 2921 – HUNTERBURG 3626 – DEILLINGEN 4127.  "B" Sqn was sent on ahead and came under comd 1RB to firm base DEEPHOLZ 4246, and the Regt passed through them to REHDEN 5046 finally arriving, after a long wait in the dark, at GR.LESSEN 6851, due to the fact that 1 RB were held up by two SP guns and other opposition in the area SULINGEN 7254.    
    On the march the LUFTWAFFE made its first offensive appearance when four ME’s strafed the tail of the column – fortunately without damage to anything other than kit on the 2i/c’s tk.  “K” Bty, RHA, (Major G.ARMITAGE) joined 8H at this time and came under comd, “G” Bty leaving us.  Orders were received for 8H Gp, to be followed by 1/5 QUEENS, to adv to VILBEN 8374, at first light the following morning.  
6851  7

8H Gp adv at first light and met no opposition until the area of X rds 8269 was reached.  Here one tk of "A" Sqn, the leading Sqn, was put out of action by a hit from a light AP which, fortunately, caused only one slight casualty.  Over 100 PW and six 20mm AA guns were captured in this area.  Opposition in VILSON itself was then encountered.  “K” Bty fired a number of rounds into the village and, whilst plans were being made to attack and clear the village, the citizens telephoned to the house on the X rds saying they were most anxious to surrender.

GSGS 4416

BREMEN

1:100,000

 

    In the meanwhile "C" Sqn was ordered to move to the area immediately NORTH of the town by way of X rds 805709.  One Coy, 1/5 QUEENS, commenced to clear VILSEN, and collected a few prisoners and one MK IV SP gun was burnt out in the centre of the village.   
    By 1200hrs our objective was gained.  Comd 22 Armd Bde visited RHQ and ordered 8H to capture intact the br over the WESER 8889.  "C" Sqn was ordered to adv on the route VILSEN – SUSDEDT 7974 – HEILIGENFELDE 7676 – GODESTORF 7978 – EMINGHAUSEN 8382 – THEDINGHAUSEN 8686.  One Coy 1/5 QUEENS was placed under comd "C" Sqn.  "B" Sqn was ordered to adv from X rds 8269 direct, by way of the main rd, to HEILIGENFELDE  and to follow behind "C" Sqn.  
     The adv started in the early afternoon; minor opposition was encountered at GODESTORF and considerably more on the SOUTHERN edge by EMINGHAUSEN.  When "B" Sqn reached EMINGHAUSEN they were ordered to picket the flanks and to est positions to the NORTH WEST and SOUTH EAST.  Opposition was encountered to the NORTH WEST.  In the meanwhile "C" Sqn were held up by bazooka fire, and Lt.JEPHSON was wounded and two tks were knocked-out.  
    EMINGHAUSEN was clear about three-quarters of an hour before last light, and "C" Sqn, with one Coy of the QUEENS was ordered NORTH to THEDINGHAUSEN.  They encountered opposition astride the rd at 8584, and were ordered to stay there the night. The remainder of the Gp closed-up onto EMINGHAUSEN.  A number of prisoners were taken, and a quiet night was spent.  
8382 8 At first light "C" Sqn, and one Coy of QUEENS cleared THEDINGHAUSEN without difficulty, but, on attempting to debouch to the NORTH EAST were held up by an SP gun.  This gun multiplied itself  rapidly and soon it was estimated that there were four SP guns operating in the area HOLTORFLUNSEN 8886.  
    One tk, "C" Sqn, was knocked out.  Every effort was made to outflank and destroy these guns without success. The most successful method undoubtedly being fire  from medium arty, spotted by air OP.  "B" Sqn had been moved to EISSEL 8587, but was unable to close with the SP guns and could not cross the Canal EAST of EISSEL.  A patrol of Recce Tp worked right up from the SOUTH to within a few hundred yards of one SP and obtained valuable information.  1 R.Tks were adv towards HOLTORFLUNSEN from the SOUTH EAST.  From "B" Sqn it was position it was possible to see considerable enemy movement to the NORTH of the br and it was clear that there was no chance of taking the br by surprise even if the SP guns could be eliminated.  
    At about 1500hrs the SP guns were seen to withdraw NORTH over the br, and the br was blown.  The Bde Comd therefore ordered 8H Gp to turn WEST and adv through BRINKUM 7091, to DELMENHORST 6095.  During the day reports had been received of an enemy SP and tps in RIEDE 8086.  A careful attack using maximum fire sp was planned with "B" Sqn to move to area 8282, "C" Sqn to area 8284, and "A" Sqn to provide close sp for two Coys 1/5 QUEENS adv on RIEDE from the EAST and SOUTH.  “K” Bty, "B" Sqn and "C" Sqn fired a large number of rounds into the town which was soon in flames.   
    In the meanwhile "B" Sqn were machine-gunned from the NORTH and devoted some of its attention to obliterating opposition in the area 8189.  The town was cleared at last light and occupied by 1/5 QUEENS, "A" Sqn and "B" Sqn..  
8187 9 At first light the adv was continued.  "A" Sqn moved to X rds 7785 thence NORTH to SUDWEYHE 7688.  "B" Sqn simultaneously adv SUDWEYHE by way of AHAUSEN 7989.  At the latter place the Sqn was engaged by some determined men with bazookas.  One GERMAN soldier leapt onto Cpl COMMONS’ tk and engaged him in a hand-to-hand fight, wounding Cpl Commons in the hand.  The latter, however, was the type of NCO with whom such liberties should not be taken: he overpowered the GERMAN and took him prisoner.  Lt.SAXBY, comd the leading tp of "A" Sqn, was nearly through SUDWEYHE, and had reached the stream crossing at 765885 when his CHALLENGER was hit by a bazooka.  The front was penetrated but no casualties resulted.  He found himself involved in a fight with a number of SS tps.   
    The leading Coy 1/5 QUEENS was rushed up and quickly had the situation in hand.  A large number of the enemy were killed and a large number captured.  In a short while the SOUTHERN part of the town was cleared.  A further plan was made for clearing KIRCHWEYHE 7599, but in the meanwhile the citizens claimed they would surrender the town.  This they did, but not until one pl 1/5 QUEENS, and Lt.SAXBY, had killed a number of GERMAN tps in the cemetery between SUDWEYHE and KIRCHWEYHE.   
    "B" Sqn had, in the meanwhile, been firing into both these towns and had also engaged the enemy in the town of DREYE 7791.  In order to avoid delay, "C" Sqn was ordered to pass through SUDWEYHE and continued the adv to LEESTE 7288, and BRINKUM 7091.  
    On reaching the bend in the rd at 739880 "C" Sqn met some strong opposition from the same SS tps who had caused trouble in KIRCHWEYHE and SUDWEYHE.  It was est that these GERMAN trps belonged to the 12 SS Ers Bn which, itself, was at almost Div strength, its companies consisting of between 300 and 500 men.  The GERMANS were est in villas on the side of the rd and at an early stage accounted for Sgt.WAKEFIELD, "C" Sqn, and the pl Comd of the leading pl of 1/5 QUEENS.   
    Either side of the rd the ground was so soft that deployment was not possible except along the tracks.  OC 1/5 QUEENS in the meanwhile ordered one Coy, sp by one tp of "A" Sqn, to adv along the rly running EAST and WEST and est themselves in the area 7389.  One patrol of Recce Tp reached as far NORTH as 721818 from where it was able to observe considerable movement on the rd running NORTH from BRINKUM.  Air sup was requested and received, and it was later learnt that the traffic in and NORTH of BRINKUM afforded the best target that Fighter Bombers had been given for many days.  Just before last light the NORTHERN Coy, 1/5 QUEENS, got right into LEESTE and became heavily involved.    
    At about 1700hrs an anti-tank gun appeared at the X rds 726888 and hit and penetrated one of  the "C" Sqn tks.  This anti-tank gun was knocked out by “K” Bty.  By evening it became obvious that it would not be possible to clear the area of LEESTE and BRINKUM without deploying, at least, one infantry bn and that considerable sp would be required.  8H and 1/5 QUEENS harboured in the area SUDWEYHE level-crossing 746881 – HAGEN 7389 – KIRCHWEYHE.  Late at night orders were received  at Bde HQ that the advance was not to be continued and that 8H and 1/5 QUEENS were to remain in there present locality.  One Sqn 8H was ordered to sp 5 ROYAL SCOTS to the WEST of SYKE 7280.  
750884 10 "C" Sqn patrolled forward and made contact again with the enemy in LEESTE.  One tk was unfortunately blown up on a mine and the hull-gunner was killed.  During this incident another tk became inextricably bogged.  As this veh was under fire it was only possible to attempt recovery by an ARV.  The ARV was not able to pull out this tk which, ultimately, had to be abandoned.  "B" Sqn moved to SYKE at 0700hrs and passed to comd 5 ROYAL SCOTS.  Recce Tp made contact with 1 RB NORTH WEST of BARRIEN 7283.  
  11 During the morning the sector was handed over to 1 Bde, 52 Div, and the Regt marched SOUTH to a conc area near NIENBURG.  "A" Coy, 1 RB, came under comd.  Route : SYKE 7380 – HEILIGENFELDE -  ARSENDORF to conc area 905523.  As there was a prospect of 48hrs rest, pack lorries and office lorries were brought up from "B" Ech.  
905523 12 The day was spent in maintenance and baths.  Visited by the Div Comd in the afternoon.  A number of men went to the cinema in the evening.  
  13 The Regt had orders to move  at 0900hrs to cross the WESER at NIENBURG and conc in the area 0516 just to the NORTH pending the fmn of a bridgehead over the ALLER at RETHEM.  Maintenance and rest.  No likelihood of any move before the following evening.  
0010562 14 Collective trg.  In the evening a lecture on “Air Sp” was given by Wing Comd, RAF, at Div HQ at HEEZE.  
  15 8H Regtl Gp, including “K” Bty and "A" Coy, moved at 0800hrs to cross the ALLER at RETHEM 1167, where a Class 40 floating bailey had been est the day before.  1 R Tanks Regtl Gp, which had preceded us across the river with the intention of driving up to the NORTH and the adv on a rd to the left of the CL, had been held up at KIRCHBOITZEN 1872 by enemy opposition incl an SP and large craters.  
    In consequence, 8H Gp deviated to the SOUTH, leaving the CL at 152701, thence to ALTENBOITZEN 2070 – HOLLIGE 2171, thence to the CL at 2173.  Here "B" Sqn encountered opposition from enemy inf in houses.  Lt.MOSSOP was wounded in the head.  Three GERMANS shot at RHQ in HOLLIGE and were hunted away by HQ, "A" Coy, 1 RB.  "B" Sqn rapidly cleared up the situation and knocked out three 20mm guns to the NORTH of the rd.  
    They then moved NORTH EAST and est themselves on the high ground astride the rd overlooking WASLRODE 2475.  In the meanwhile Recce Tp had been despatched to examine the possibilities of crossing the River BOHME at 252725 to 242713.  EAST of HOLIGE they encountered enemy opposition which they engaged and were sp by “K” Bty.  The latter br was found blown but the former was not considered, at first, to be capable of carrying tks.  In the meanwhile "B" Sqn and "A" Coy set about clearing WALSRODE.  The SOUTH WESTERN entrance to the town had been heavily cratered, but a rd to the SOUTH was found and charges in the br at 253757 were removed.  
    Regtl Gp, less "C" Sqn and Recce Tp, were est on the high ground 2676.  By last light "C" Sqn and Recce Tp had eventually crossed the river further SOUTH, but had been unable to get through DUISHORN 2772, whilst routes to the NORTH were heavily blocked.  They, therefore, spent the night at 255730.  
2762 16

At first light "B" Sqn, with under comd one mot pl, was ordered to move EAST to FALLINGBOSTEL 3276.  "C" Sqn was ordered to adv from its night harbour area through DUISHORN 2772, also to FALLINGBOSTEL.  "A" Sqn, with a section of carriers, was ordered to attempt to cross the River BOHME by the br at 289779 and est itself on the high ground to the NORTH of FALLINGBOSTEL.  "C" reached the rly br at 311758 without incident, and "B" Sqn got up to the WESTERN outskirts of FALLINGBOSTEL, where they were held up by enemy inf in the town.  "A" Sqn reported that the br, by which they had been ordered to cross, had been blown and that they were unable to cross the river elsewhere. 

GSGS 4416

SOLTAU

1:100,000

 

   

Recce Tp were ordered to locate a large Prisoner-of-War camp believed to be in the area 3474. This they did and, having made contact with the senior offr there, reported the existence of a large number of Allied PW together with a great quantity of DP’s.  Major HUTH, with a Military Govt offr, joined Recce Tp and subsequently reported that STALAG 11B contained 6500 British and American prisoners and STALAG 357 some 3500.  On the whole the prisoners appeared to be in good order and gave our patrols a most tumultuous welcome.  They were subsequently visited by the Div Comd.

 
   

By about 1100hrs it became apparent that the FALLINGBOSTEL town itself was so large that it would not be possible to clear it with one mot coy.  Considerable fire power was available but the riflemen quickly became absorbed in the streets and houses.  The task was handed over to 1/5 QUEENS sp by "B" Sqn.  "A" Sqn was now to the SOUTH of the town on the high ground, available to give fire sp.  In the meanwhile "C" Sqn had been ordered to work NORTH to endeavour to find an unblown br across the River BOHME to the NORTH-EAST of FALLINGBOSTEL

 
   

By 1500hrs they had reached the SOUTHERN outskirts of DORFMARK 3680, but had found all brs blown.  Inf from civs and DP’s indicated that the two brs in DORFMARK were also blown but some slight opposition in DORFMARK prevented immediate confirmation.  RHQ moved to area 370787, and a plan for clearing DORFMARK was made.  The Autobahn had not been completed; the alignment had been graded only and there was no soling or surfacing.  It was, therefore, impassable to all but tracked vehs. 

 
   

Recce Tp were ordered to find a route across country to hit the rd at 385807 with a view to taking DORFMARK along that axis.  One Coy, 1/5 QUEENS, had been placed under comd for this purpose.  Whilst Recce Tp were carrying out this op they knocked-out three small tracked vehs, two staff cars, and took a large number of prisoners.

 
    In the meanwhile, the leading tp of "C" Sqn reported that it was considered that DORFMARK was clear and the Tp Ldr was ordered to move up to the br at 370808.  Back at FALLINGBOSTEL the town had been cleared but the br was found blown.  Comd 22 Armd Bde ordered "B" Sqn to move WEST to WALSRODE, thence NORTH, thence EAST, in a wide circle to DORFMARK.   
    An unsuccessful attempt was made to br the BOHME at DORFMARK with a scissors br which became bogged in a garden.  By last light 8H, less "A" Sqn, harboured in DORFMARK, "B" Sqn being WEST of the river.  One Coy 1/5 QUEENS remained with 8H and "A" Sqn and “K” Bty harboured in the area 3676.  
3680 17

During the night 16/17, a br had been built at FALLINGBOSTEL.  8h Gp had been ordered to reform at DORFMARK, but to the WEST of the River, at first light. The Regt, less "B" Sqn, therefore moved to FALLINGBOSTEL picking up "A" Coy, 1 RB, on the way and rejoined "B" Sqn at about 0715hrs.  It had been thought that SOLTAU 4190, was strongly held, and therefore the Bde Comd ordered 8h Gp to bye-pass SOLTAU by following 1 R.Tks CL

 
   

It was intended to return to the main rd, running NORTH from SOLTAU, at 415727.  At about 0730hrs, 8H reformed and moved fast by the following route : DORFMARK 3680 – KROGE 3183 – BOMMELSEN 3184 – FRIELINGEN 3388 – X rds 3689 – Rd junc 390920.  "B" Sqn led.  On reaching the area 4092, OC "B" Sqn met some 11th HUSSARS who informed him that they had had a car destroyed in that area by what they took to be a party of bazooka men.  As "B" Sqn got near the main rd they came under heavy AP fire from anti-tk guns and a tk.  A PANTHER tk was engaged and the crew baled out.  One 88mm was knocked out.  “K” Bty engaged and knocked out an SP gun to the EAST of the main rd.  

 
   

The Sqn then came under heavy NEBELWERFER fire which “K” Bty did its best to neutralise.  "B" Sqn, after this very successful and brisk action, set itself astride the main rd NORTH of SOLTAU.  In the meanwhile "A" Sqn was ordered to adv to HEBER 4200, by the following route : Rd junc 375957 – X rds 360979 – Rd junc 391002.  At the same time "B" Sqn was ordered to attempt to adv NORTH along the main rd.  When the leading tp of "B" Sqn crossed the rly at 420938, LtPott’s tk was set on fire by a large mine.  Lt.Pott was very severely burnt.  It became obvious that the woods astride the rd in this area contained a large number of enemy infantry.  These were seen by "B" Sqn men who went to the assistance of the crew of the burning tk.  "B" Sqn was therefore ordered to discontinue the attempt to advance along the main rd and conc in the area 3992. 

 
   

At this time the rest of the Regtl Gp followed "A" Sqn who had reached HEBER and had encountered some slight resistance.  Whilst clearing the town, the OC Mot Pl, which had been placed under comd "A" Sqn was shot through the head.  This fact caused the inevitable disorganisation in ops which was not fully put right until the Coy Comd took charge.  Recce Tp had est, in the meanwhile, that the br at 421975 had been blown and also that at 436994, but it was possible to cross at 420985. 

 
   

 "C" Sqn was therefore ordered by this route to HILLERN 4297.  HEBER was cleared by about 1700hrs and one tp, "A" Sqn, was ordered to push NORTH along the main rd as far as possible. Comd 22 Armd Bde ordered 8H Gp to est itself on the rd from HILLERN inclusive to rd junc 4105.

 
    The night lay-out was, therefore, "C" Sqn with one mot pl at HILLERN, "A" Sqn with one mot pl at 4104, 8H Gp, less two Sqns and two mot pls at HEBER.  
4200 18 At first light 8H Gp moved NORTH to close up behind 1 R Tks Regtl Gp who had been held up SOUTH of WELLE 3818.  After an intermediate halt, the Regt halted at the side of the rd in the area 3815.  The C.O. visited OC 1 R. Tks at WELLE and there learnt that the Regt had met strong opposition in the forest of the LANGELOH area 3722 and was unable to adv further with the force at their disposal.  
    One Sqn, 1 R. Tks, had nearly reached the rly br at 330211 but had met slight opposition.  OC, 1 R.Tks, hoped that he might be able to bye-pass the forest of LANGELOH position. At about 1300hrs, Comd 22 Armd Bde, at RHQ 1 R.Tks, ordered OC 8H to endeavour to cross the rly, capture TOSTEDT 3122, and then adv NORTH to the Autobahn SOUTH of HOLLENSTEDT 3133, thence EAST to X rds 3732, thence NORTH to high ground overlooking the ELBE at ELSTORF 3732.  
    The first problem was the crossing of the rly in order to reach TOSTEDT.  "C" Sqn was ordered through OTTER 3418, which had been cleared by 1 R.Tks Recce Tp, thence to the high ground 3218 and from there to endeavour to find a practicable crossing WEST of 312199.  "A" Sqn, in the meanwhile, was ordered to advance along the main rd WELLE – TOSTEDT, and to endeavour to cross the rly WEST of the br 330211 which had been blown.  
     "C" Sqn reported that the br under the rly at 306195 was undefended, but the approaches were so bad as to render this route impassable.  They subsequently found it was possible to cross the rly at 292183.  The whole Sqn moved by this route but, after two tks had crossed the br at 282199 it collapsed.  
   

"C" Sqn had with them one mot pl and an RE Recce Offr who supervised the reconstruction of the br.  "A" Sqn found that they could cross the rly at 320204.  When two tps had crossed by this way they were fired on by an SP gun which they thought to be situated at TODTGLUSINGEN 3322.  This latter place had, however, been cleared by 1 R.Tks and 11th Hussars.  In actual fact it is probable that the AP fire came from a TIGER tk and some light A/Tk guns in the area of cross rds 335240. 

 
   

"A" Sqn eventually pushed NORTH into TOSTEDT which they occupied just before last light.  In the meanwhile "C" Sqn had conc themselves the right side of the br and set about clearing WISTEDT 2921.  Opposition from snipers and bazookas was met by the leading tp.  Considerable fires were started, and by last light "C" Sqn had est themselves satisfactorily in WISTEDT and the remainder of the mot coy were sent to join them for the night. 

 
   

1/5 QUEENS came up to TOSTEDT at last light and took over the organisation of the town for the night.  "A" and "B" Sqns were in their sp. “K” Bty, with Recce Tp protecting them, remained at OTTER.

 
3122 19

8H Gp moved off at first light on the CL as ordered the previous day.  DOHREN 3124, received the attention of the Mediums as a precautionary measure, but "B" Sqn, the leading Sqn, adv rapidly to the Autobahn at 3131.  Here they turned EAST, but their rear tp engaged an AFV in the wood 3031 and AP fire from HOLLENSTEDT.  "A" Sqn was ordered to firm base the X rds.  The leading tp, advancing over the br over the Autobahn,  came under fire from A/Tnk guns.  One tk was knocked out.

GSGS 4416

HAMBURG

1:100,000

 

   

Later, two 88mm guns were knocked out on the SOUTHERN edge of HOLLENSTEDT.  "B" Sqn advanced rapidly and were ordered to est themselves on the X rds 3732 and to await further orders.  These involved an attack on the village at 3733 carried out by "B" Sqn and "A" Coy 1 RB.  In the area of the X rds and this village, the Sqn accounted for four 88mm guns and a number of GERMANS.  The crews of these guns, admittedly, were not very highly trained, nor very determined. 

 
   

In the meanwhile, Recce Tp had been ordered to send patrols to OLDENDORF 3433, WENNERSTORF  3631 and WENZENDORF 3530.  At the first place the patrol captured a number of HAMBURG policemen who had been sent out to protect the Autobahn.  At the last place the patrol engaged, and knocked out, two 88mm guns and accounted for some of the crews.

 
   

This was a great day for the Recce Tp.  In the vicinity of WENZENDORF the patrol liberated a large camp of RUSSIAN PW and also inspected the aerodrome on which they had been ordered to report.  Back to the WEST, 1/5 QUEENS had been ordered to clear and consolidate at HOLLENSTEDT.  "C" Sqn was placed under their comd.  A wholly organised set-piece attack was mounted but no enemy remained to greet it.  "A" Sqn was brought up to the area of the X rds 3732 and "B" Sqn continued advancing NORTHWARDS.  RADE 3734 was cleared without incident but, on reaching the bend in the rd at 366360, the Sqn came under heavy artillery fire from the NORTH-EAST, and accurate AP fire from the area of ELSTORF and SCHWIEDERSTORF 3738.

 
    The country either side of the rd was either wooded of boggy and attempts at deployment were initially frustrated.  A TYPHOON attack was put in on ELSTORF.  OC "B" Sqn was ordered, in the meanwhile, to try and work around to the SOUTH-WEST.  Just before last light the Sqn was est in the area 3438, and was ordered to try and occupy ELSTORF if it could do so without heavy opposition.  
    Opposition was encountered however, and therefore OC 8H ordered OC "B" Sqn to disengage and remain in the area 3438 for the night.  One mot pl was with "B" Sqn.  The adv made by "B" Sqn during the day was a very considerable achievement.  "A" Sqn remained  for the night in the area of the X rds 3732, and the Regtl Gp, less "A" Sqn, "B" Sqn, and two mot pls, conc for the night at RADE.  
    The night was not entirely uneventful.  A large white bus and trailer, full of strayed GERMANS, motored SOUTH from ELSTORF and blew itself up on HAWKINS mines.  Some GERMANS threw a hand-grenade at the Recce Tp sentry.  
3734 20 At first light "B" Sqn was ordered to attack ELSTORF from the WEST.  Artillery sp was provided and they subsequently admitted to carrying out an air shoot on ARDESTORF 3439, but soon realised their mistake.  The town was quickly cleared and one 88mm gun was found abandoned in a garage.  This was destroyed by SQMS WINCH.  "A" Coy, 1 RB, less two pls, was ordered forward immediately to clear SCHWIEDERSTORF.  As their leading elements and the leading tp of "B" Sqn met on the X rds 366388, a small party of determined enemy were encountered.  
   

Lt.RYDE’s tk was bazookered.  He jumped out into the cover of a slit-trench, and a GERMAN, from an adjacent slit-trench, shot him through the chest and killed him.  The opposition in this area was quickly mopped-up and SCHWIEDERSTORF was occupied.  Carrier patrols adv NORTH and reported DAERSTORF 3740, to be held.  "C" Sqn was, in the meanwhile, ordered into SCHWIEDERSTORF and was instructed to patrol into DAERSTORF and capture it.

"B" Sqn was ordered to remain in ELSTORF keeping a watch to the NORTH and NORTH-WEST.

"A" Sqn was placed under comd 1/5 QUEENS for the purpose of clearing the rd from X rds 3732 – X rds 3827. 

 
   

The leading tp of "C" Sqn came under AP fire from the WEST of DAERSTORF and one tk was damaged.  An SP was seen in the vicinity 365400.  One carrier patrol had worked round, in the early morning mist, to within 500 yards EAST of DAERSTORF and knocked-out a tracked gun-tower.  It was clear that there was considerable resistance in the village.  OC 8H ordered OC "C" Sqn to make a thorough reconnaissance and to take his time over it.  OC "C" Sqn decided that, under cover of smoke, he would move one tp, (Lt.GOULD), across the open and attack the village from the EAST.  “K” Bty, of course, sp the attack.  Fortunately, Lt.Gould slightly lost direction in the smoke and came onto the outskirts of the village from the SOUTH-EAST instead of EAST, and was therefore able to overrun and destroy a 75mm A/Tk gun detachment.  In doing this he was wounded in the head, but continued in comd of his tp until ordered out later.

 
   

Once in the village, which was now blazing fiercely, considerable enemy opposition was encountered.  A further tp was sent to reinforce and OC "A" Coy, 1 RB, took up another mot pl to help clear the village.  Sqn HQ and the remaining tp, which was supporting the attack from the SOUTH of the village, came under very heavy shell-fire from the NORTH-EAST.  By about 1500hrs DAERSTORF had been captured.  It contained no less than three A/Tk guns and about 200 inf.  Some of the enemy there succeeded in escaping to the NORTH and NORTH-WEST.  "B" Sqn in the meanwhile killed and captured a number of GERMANS in the vicinity of a searchlight site at 362400.

 
   

OC "A" Coy, 1 RB, on his own initiative, ordered carriers forward into WULMSTORF 3740, as soon as DAERSTORF was cleared.  He reported his action to OC 8H who immediately ordered "C" Sqn into this village which was cleared without opposition.  Patrols were est on the high ground overlooking the ELBE at 371418.

 
   

This brisk and extremely successful action resulted in 8H establishing itself on its final bound of the war – the first Regt to do so in the 7 Armd Div.  It turned out to be the last serious action of the war and it was satisfactory that it entailed comparatively small loss.  One Coy, 1/5 QUEENS, which had been placed under comd 8H was ordered forward to consolidate DAERSTORF and WULMSTORF with "C" Sqn in sp for the night.

 
    "A" Sqn returned to comd and occupied SCHWIEDERSTORF.  "A" Cy, less one pl with "A" Sqn, conc in ELSTORF.  
362387 21

The task of the 7 Armd Div was now the consolidation of the bound reached, the high ground overlooking the ELBE, pending the putting into effect of the plans for the capture of HAMBURG.  For this purpose 131 Bde conc in the area SOUTH of HARBURG 5043, with, on the left, 22 Armd Bde stretching WESTWARDS from the inclusive edge of the woods NORTH-EAST of NEU WIEDENTHAL 4244, to the area X rds 3832.  

 
   

8H were the right-hand Regt of the 22 Armd Bde with, on their left, 5DG.  The boundary line between the two Regts was the 30 Grid Line running NORTH and SOUTH from BUXTEHUDE 3043.  The left flank of the Div was protected by the 11th Hussars who were looking WEST, roughly on the 20 Grid Line.

 
   

The Regtl lay-out was as follows :- "C" Sqn were in DAERSTORF in sp of one Coy, 1/5 QUEENS,  "A" Sqn in SCHWIEDERSTORF, "B" Sqn in ELSTORF.  RHQ was est in the SOUTH-WEST end of ELSTORF, at 363386.  During the day patrolling took place, "B" Sqn sending out patrols to the NORTH-WEST, and "A" Sqn to the edge of the woods on the EAST.  Little enemy activity took place.

 
    “K” Bty, 5 RHA, est an OP in the area 372418, and they engaged a number of opportunity targets, MET  and other movement in the area of the rd running EAST and WEST through FISHBECK 4044.  At last light a Medium Bty est itself all around RHQ, apparently with the object of engaging targets in the HAMBURG area.  
  22

First light patrols reported NTR.  Owing to the close proximity of the Medium guns, both for  the purpose of comfort and of security, RHQ moved to the NORTH-EASTERN edge of ELSTORF, establishing itself at 367387.  The Coy of 1/5 QUEENS was withdrawn and ordered to conc with its Regt.  "C" Sqn remained in DAERSTORF with under comd one pl "A" Coy 1 RB.

 
    “K” Bty continued to engage opportunity targets and, during the afternoon, a train arrived from the WEST.  This was quickly engaged and one truck, quickly hit, burst into flames.  It then transpired that this long train was an amn train.  The engine driver, thinking discretion the better part of valour, immediately unhooked and disappeared in the direction of HARBURG – leaving the train stationary on the line in the area 3844.   
     “K” Bty, ably sp by one tp of "C" Sqn doing protection to the OP, proceeded to destroy the trucks one by one.  About an hour later, the engine, whose driver had obviously received different orders from HARBURG, returned to salvage the train.  He immediately received the attention of the tp of tks and, after a few shots, they succeeded in putting an AP shot from a 17pdr through the boiler.  The engine blew up in a cloud of steam to the intense delight of a large number of distinguished spectators, including the CRA.  
    During the day some 20 GERMAN soldiers presented themselves and were made PWs.  At last light four enemy aircraft attacked ELSTORF, dropping four bombs.  Two fell within 50 yards of the Regtl Office but no damage was done.  Considerable but ineffective AA fire was produced by the tp of light AA sp “K” Bty.  
367387 23

Following an exchange of messages, the garrison of BUXTEHUDE, which appeared to be entirely Naval and included 500 GERMAN “Wrens”, decided to surrender themselves to the 11th Hussars.  "A" Sqn relieved "C" Sqn in DAERSTORF, and "C" Sqn withdrew back into SCHWIEDERSTORF during the evening.

 
    Following reports that a Belgian Prisoner-of-War Camp in FISHBECK contained still a certain number of aged and sick BELGIAN Offrs (the fit ones had been marched away the week previously), a patrol was sent by "A" Sqn to investigate this.  Some 120 Offr Prisoners-of-War were found.  No opposition was met and the prisoners were given orders to remain in situation until arrangements could be made for their evacuation.  
  24 Daily routine patrols were again carried out with NTR.  "B" Sqn sent a patrol at first light through KETZENDORF 3540, OVELGONNE 3341, to contact the Rifle Bde who, by now, had taken over BUXTEHUDE.  This patrol returned through EILENDORF 3041, IMMENBECK 3240, and ARDESTORF 3439.  Recce Tp sent a patrol out to the EAST to try to get onto the high ground in the woods to the EAST of WULMSTORF.  This proved difficult and no satisfactory position of observation could be found owing to the extent of the trees and innumerable false crests.  The Corps Comd, Gen RITCHIE, paid a visit to the OP accompanied by the GOC.  
  25

Normal routine patrols.  “K” Bty’s OP, having been rather cluttered with a succession of visitors, was moved to a new position at 365425 and was now escorted by the carriers of the Rifle Bde.  In the morning, a BELGIAN Liason Offr, Capt.Hantz, arrived from HQ 12 Corps.  A plan was laid on for the rescue of the BELGIAN PWs at FISHBECK.  The op, which was to be carried out by "A" Sqn, was to take place at last light.

 
   

The plan was as follows:- A block was to be est by a patrol of tks facing EAST on the rd at 400441 and a further block on the WEST of the village.  Eight half-tracks from "A" Coy, 1 RB, and the Regtl RAP with an escort of carriers, was to enter the camp, collect the prisoners and return to ELSTORF.  12 Corps had made arrangements for lorries and ambulances to evacuate the prisoners on arrival in ELSTORF, and these vehs, consisting of four ambulances and five 3-ton lorries, arrived in ELSTORF at 1800hrs

 
    The op was entirely successful and no opposition was encountered other than a few parting shots from the woods just EAST of NEU WULMSTORF 380425.  
  26 Usual routine patrolling.  In the early morning "B" Sqn relieved "A" Sqn in DAERSTORF.  In the afternoon a visit was paid to the Regt by MGRAC, MajGen RICHARDS, accompanied by Comd 22 Armd Bde.  Unfortunately they failed to send advice of their visit and no-one was at home.  
  27 Routine patrolling.  The C-in-C, Field Marshal Sir BERNARD MONTGOMERY, presented ribbons at a parade held at Div HQ at midday.  Lt.M.S.Payne received his MC, and the Regt sent three offrs and 15 Ors as spectators.  
  28

Locns:- "B" Sqn at DAERSTORF, "C" Sqn at SCHWIEDERSTORF, "A" Sqn at ELSTORF, RHQ as before.  Major P.H.HUTH left for UK on leave, pending his departure to attend the Staff College Course at QUETTA.  Capt P.H.de V. Clermont was promoted A/Major and took over 2i/c of the Regt.

 
    During the day Capt.HANTZ, the BELGIAN LO from 12 Corps, arrived to thank the Regt for rescuing his compatriots and to say there was still a further 15 in FISHBECK.  This transpired to be the case, these having been in a different camp.  "B" Sqn laid on a similar op to that carried out on the previous Wednesday by "A" Sqn and the last of these unfortunates were removed successfully.  
  29 "C" Sqn relieved "B" Sqn in DAERSTORF at first light.  "B" Sqn withdrew to SCHWIEDERSTORF.  A church service was held in the village church and in the evening the GOC visited the Regt.  The General went round "B" Sqn and talked to the tps about past ops and the future.  
  30 Usual routine patrolling.  Recce Tp sent a patrol to contact 2 DEVONS in the woods at 410390.  No contact took place and the patrol subsequently made a detour round to the NORTH and returned with NTR.  Locns as for Apr 29.  

 

 

VIIIth  K.R.I.HUSSARS

 

 

CASUALTIES FOR MONTH OF APRIL 1945

 

 

 

 

 

"HQ" SQUADRON

 

DATE

NUMBER

RANK & NAME

KILLED, WOUNDED AND MISSING

1 to 6 inc

Nil

Nil

Nil

7

293713

W/Lt.R.T.Gadsby

GSW head

8 to 20 inc

Nil

Nil

Nil

 

 

 

 

 

"A" SQUADRON

1 to 6 inc

Nil

Nil

Nil

7

14542308

Tpr Goossens, G

Wounded, burns face

8 to 16 inc

Nil

Nil

Nil

17

4541855

7940369

14219642

14320134

13020041

W/Cpl Scott, D

Tpr Brogden, A

Tpr Bunn, F

Tpr Meadows, K

Tpr Gough, A

Believed killed

Believed killed

Believed killed

Believed killed

Killed

18

Nil

Nil

Nil

19

5502455

7888485

Tpr Edwards, W

W/Cpl Logan, W

Killed

Wounded, GSW left hand

19 & 20

Nil

Nil

Nil

"B" SQUADRON

1

5119328

APLC Lane, A

Wounded, perforated ear drum

2 to 8 inc

Nil

Nil

Nil

9

556345

4542165

AP/Cpl Commons, W

Tpr Barnett, V

GSW, left hand perforated

Burns, hands and face

10 to 14 inc

Nil

Nil

Nil

15

UDF/225611

7905954

14514035

Lt Mossop, D.J.

W/Cpl Thatcher, W

Tpr Thomas, C

GSW, nose and forehead

GSW, neck

GSW, neck and mouth

16

Nil

Nil

Nil

17

13020041

4614233

13116288

14270094

7895777

308092

Tpr Bodle, W

Tpr Robinson, C

Tpr Castle, J

Tpr Tooth, D

Tpr Pawling, L

W/Lt Pott, J.A.

Killed

Burns

Burns

Burns

GSW, shoulder, explosive bullet

Burns, face, hands and body

18 & 19

Nil

Nil

Nil

20

276071

14374298

W/Lt Ryde, W.F.

Tpr Pritchard, P

Killed

GSW, Rt leg. Burns, face

"C" SQUADRON

1 to 3 inc

Nil

Nil

Nil

4

14384018

14428472

7927970

14221192

Tpr Wheeler, E

Tpr Taylor, G

Tpr Harritch, A

Tpr Smith, A

Believed PW, unofficially reported at home

SW, feet

SW, rt leg

SW, rt arm. Compound fracture rt radius

5

7894947

Sgt Manning, G

Killed

6

Nil

Nil

Nil

7

2994427

4457207

 

W/Lt Jephson, M.J.

Tpr Keeling, R

Concussion and inj. lt leg

GSW, shoulder

8

14318824

13106713

210722

Tpr Hibbart, F

Tpr Marshall, P

W/Lt Pim, J.P.S.

Died of wounds

GSW, rt thigh

Killed

9

7889877

W/Sgt Wakefield, E

Killed

10

4543486

Tpr Mason, L

SW, both legs

11 to 18

Nil

Nil

Nil

19

14322706

14339149

Tpr Maguire, J

Tpr Shannon, K

perforated rt ear drum (blast)

GSW, rt leg

20

324106

14287450

14542047

14221128

W/Lt Gould, S.W.

Tpr Wilson, D

Tpr Parker, A

Tpr Littler, T

GSW, head

GSW, lt arm and rt cheek

GSW, lt and rt hand

GSW, nose

 

VEHICLE CASUALTIES FOR MONTH OF APRIL 1945

DAY

SQN

TYPE

NUMBER

REMARKS

4

C

Challenger

272060

Bazooka hit through lt side of turret which damaged gun traverse (later dumped for clutch failure)

8

C

C

Cromwell

Cromwell

T183377

T188575

Many penetrations by AP.  Beyond repair

Bogged in enemy country, MR 732880.

Never recovered.  Sprocket slightly damaged by AP

9

A

A

Cromwell

Sherman 17pdr

T188649

363496

AP hit. Penetration lt hand side turret

Suspension and Hull damaged, (Bazookas)

10

C

Cromwell

 

Daimler sc/car

T121801

 

1885735

Lt hand suspension damaged by mine.

Recovered but dumped.

Brewed-up on mine.

16

A

Cromwell

T121797

Brewed-up completely by AP 88mm

17

B

Cromwell

121785

Completely brewed-up on mine or charge

20

B

Cromwell

187554

bazooka hit, front nose plate. Tk did not brew-up and was subsequently recovered.

 

Both CROWELL 188649 and SHERMAN 363496 were subsequently recovered and repaired

 

TOTALS

 

"A" SQN

  3

"B" SQN

  2

"C" SQN

  5

 

10

VIIIth  K.R.I.HUSSARS

           

BAGREP FOR MONTH OF APRIL 1945

           

"A" SQUADRON

DAY

KILLED

WOUNDED

PW

MATERIAL CAPTURED

MATERIAL DESTROYED

1

Nil

1 Offr

2

Nil

Nil

5

"

Nil

5

"

"

7

"

"

87

"

14x20mm 2x37mm guns,    4 HDT, 1 Mk III SP, 20 MET

16

"

"

3

1 Ambulance

Nil

17

6

 

4

Nil

Nil

19

Nil

"

5

"

"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

"B" SQUADRON

DAY

KILLED

PW

MATERIAL CAPTURED

MATERIAL DESTROYED

7

Nil

1

Nil

1 Half-track

15

"

Nil

"

2x20mm guns

16

"

23

50 rifles with amn.

1 Ambulance

Nil

17

10

Nil

1 Staff Car

1 Panther, 2 HDT, 2x88mm

and 1x 150mm guns

19

3

13

Nil

4 x 88mm guns, 2 cars and 1 motor-cycle

20

16

42

"

20 Searchlight trailers.

1 x 88mm gun

 

 

 

 

 

"C" SQUADRON

DAY

KILLED

PW

MATERIAL CAPTURED

MATERIAL DESTROYED

6

4

20

Nil

Nil

8

Nil

40

"

"

9

10

"

"

"

15

Nil

2 Ofs  40 ORs

"

2 Staff Cars

18

"

23

"

Nil

19

"

1 Ofr  12 ORs

"

1 Staff Car

20

"

1 Ofr

206 ORs

"

2 x 75mm & 2 x 50mm guns,

3 half-tracks, 2 HDT and 1 Tractor

 

 

 

 

 

RECCE TROOP

DAY

KILLED

WOUNDED

PW

MATERIAL CAPTURED

MATERIAL DESTROYED

1

Nil

Nil

6

Nil

Nil

2

"

"

8

"

1 Staff Car. 1 x 3 Ton Lorry

15

12

3

5

"

Nil

16

4

Nil

30

"

4 x 81mm mortars. 3 tracked carriers.

2 Staff Cars

19

3

2

120

1 Aerodrome

2 x 88mm AA guns

20

Nil

Nil

30

Nil

Nil

           

 

VIIIth KING’S ROYAL IRISH HUSSARS

Lt. Col G.R.D.FITZPATRICK, M.B.E. MC.

   
  SITUATION AT 2200HRS DAILY  
  APRIL, 1945  
               

Date

Locations

Changes in Command

Approx Strength

Approx Cas’ties

PW

Weather

Occ

 

MAPS:

BOCHOLT/ HAMBURG/ BREMEN

Formation

Dets under Comd

Own Tps Detached

Men

Vehs

Men

Vehs

 

 

 

1

SW of Rheine 7909

 

131 Inf Bde

 

 

706

66

1 OR

Nil

8

Cold

Ops

2

               "

 

"

G Bty 5 RHA

B Coy 1 RB

 

706

65

Nil

"

8

"

"

3

               " 

 

"

"

 

707

65

"

"

0

"

"

4

S of Langenbeck

A Sqn Ledde

"

1/5 Queens

 

706

65

3 OR

1 Tk

"

Wet

"

5

Halem 144157

B Sqn 192173

A Sqn 141132

22 Armd Bde

"

 

706

65

Nil

Nil

"

"

"

6

Gr Lessen 6851

B Sqn  Deepholtz 4246

"

K Bty 5 RHA

B Sqn to

1 RB

702

66

"

"

20

Showers

"

7

Eminghausen 8032

 

"

K Bty 5 RHA

C Coy 1/5 Queens

 

702

66

4 OR

2

88

Cold

"

8

Riede 8086

 

"

"

 

702

61

1 Ofr

2 Tks

40

Wet

"

9

Hager 7389

 

"

"

 

700

62

3 OR

1 Tk

0

Showers

"

10

               "

B Sqn Skye 7280

"

"

B Sqn To

5 R Scots

698

61

Nil

2 Tks

"

Warm

"

11

Nienburg 905523

 

"

K Bty 5 RHA

A Coy 1 RB

 

695

63

1 OR

Nil

"

"

Rest

12

                "

 

"

"

 

692

63

Nil

"

"

"

"

13

                "

 

"

"

 

691

62

"

"

"

Wet

"

14

                "

 

"

"

 

690

63

"

"

"

Showers

"

15

Walsrode 2676

C Sqn Recce Tp

255730

"

"

 

690

63

3 OR

"

47

Fair

Ops

16

Dorfmark 3680

A Sqn 3676

"

" &

Coy 1/5 Queens

 

689

63

Nil

1 Tk

86

"

"

17

Heber 4200

A Sqn 4104

C Sqn Hillern

"

K Bty 5 RHA

A Coy 1 RB

 

687

61

6 OR

1 Tk

4

Hot

"

18

Tostedt 3122

C Sqn  Wistedt

Recce Tp 3418

"

"

 

675

61

Nil

Nil

38

"

"

19

Rade 3734

A Sqn 3732

"

"

 

671

61

4 OR

"

26

"

"

20

Elstorf 3738

C Sqn  Daerstorf

A Sqn Schwiederstorf

22 Armd Bde

K Bty 5 RHA

A Coy 1 RB

Coy 1/5 Queens

 

687

59

6

Nil

303

Hot

Ops

21

Elstorf 3738

"

"

K Bty 5 RHA

A Coy 1 RB

 

679

58

Nil

"

0

Fair

"

22

"

"

"

"

 

676

59

"

"

"

"

"

23

"

"

"

"

 

"

65

"

"

"

Good

"

24

"

"

"

"

 

"

64

"

"

"

"

"

25

"

"

"

"

 

"

65

"

"

"

"

"

26

"

"

"

"

 

675

"

"

"

"

Fair

"

27

"

"

"

"

 

683

"

"

"

"

"

"

28

"

"

"

"

 

687

"

"

"

"

Good

"

29

"

"

"

"

 

691

"

"

"

"

"

"

30

"

"

"

"

 

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

 

 

 

WAR DIARY 

In Lieu of AF C 2118
 

VIIIth KR.I. HUSSARS

 

Month of MAY 1945

Commanding Officer:. Lt.-Col. GRD Fitzpatrick, MBE, MC.

Place Date

Summary of Events and Information

Ref to Appces
367387  1 At the beginning of the month RHQ was still at ELSTORF 3738, with "C" Sqn at DAERSTORF 3738, "B" Sqn at SCHWIEDERSTORF 3738, and "A" Sqn with RHQ at ELSTORF.  Trg was being carried out in so far as it was compatible with op commitments, which were slight.  The Sqn at DAERSTORF was responsible for the protection of the OP at 375424 which was furnished by "K" Bty, 5 RHA.  

GSGS 4416

HAMBURG

1:100,000

 

    The Sqn in ELSTORF was responsible for a daily first light patrol to contact 5 DG at BUXTEHUDE 3144.  During the day the C.O. attended conferences at 22 Armd Bde HQ and 131 Inf Bde HQ.  He was informed  of the possibility of the capitulation of HAMBURG.  In the event of this coming into effect, the Regt was to come under the comd 131 Bde.  
  2 The Recce Tp carried out a reconnaissance of the following route:- ELSTORF –DAERSTORF -  rd junc 420413 – NAHRENDORF 4439 – MARMSTORF 5840, as that route had been suggested by 131 Inf Bde as a suitable route for moving the Regt to the high ground SOUTH of HARBURG.  The result of the reconnaissance was that, although the route was not a workable proposition, an alternative route SCHWIEDERSTORF – track junc 412373 – track junc 414377 – track junc 435380, appeared suitable and it was used by the Regt on the following day with complete success.   
    During the reconnaissance an enemy outpost was found at 418420, and fresh diggings, with some GERMAN rifles, at 424409.  The day was spent in preparing for a move.  The usual op commitments were maintained.  
  3 The Regt, with, under comd "A" Coy 1 RB, ("K" Bty having reverted to comd 5 RHA), went under comd 131 Inf Bde at 1200hrs.  The Bde's role was threefold.  Firstly to seize certain brs over the River ELBE; secondly to safe-guard the dock area of HAMBURG, and subsequently such installations as were accessible; thirdly, if necessary, to screen the CL through HARBURG.  
    The task of the Regtl Gp was firstly to secure the high ground area MARMSTORF 5840, and secondly to move forward when ordered to take over from the 11th Hussars, who had been ordered to guard the approaches to the town from the NORTH-EAST and WEST.  The C.O. ordered the Coy Comd, "A" Coy, 1 RB, to place one pl  under the direct comd of each Sabre Sqn.  The Regt moved at 1830hrs.  Order of March:- "A" Sqn, Recce Tp, RHQ, "A" Coy, 1 RB, (less three pls), "B" Sqn and "C" Sqn.  
    The Regt arrived area MARMSTORF just as it was getting dark, and orders were received to spend the night in the area and move forward on the following day to take over from the 11th Hussars by 0700hrs.  RHQ harboured for the night at 495390, and sub-units quickly settled down for the night in view of an early start at 0515hrs the following morning.  
495390   4 At 0515hrs the Regt left the area where they had spent the previous night, with the object of advancing through HAMBURG to take over from the 11th Hussars the role of guarding the main approaches to and from the city from the NORTH-EAST and WEST.  The Order of March was unchanged.  The march through the town was uneventful.  It was, however, evident that the heavy RAF raids had accomplished tremendous destruction for many areas of the dock area were completely flattened.  
    By 0700hrs contact had been made at all points with the 11th Hussars but the actual take-over was not completed until 0730hrs.  "B" Sqn guarded the approaches to the EAST, "A" Sqn the approaches to the NORTH, and "C" Sqn the approaches to the WEST.  Shortly after "B" Sqn were in position they contacted elements of 53 Div and the C.O., acting on instructions from 131 Bde, ordered the Sqn to conc and "B" Sqn, therefore, came into reserve.  Hardly had "B" Sqn conc in reserve when three tps were ordered under comd three Sqns of the 11th Hussars respectively who had been ordered to probe along the rds from HAMBURG to QUICKBORN 4273, HAMBURG to PIMMEBURG 3665,  and HAMBURG to WEDEL 2956.  At 1500hrs approximately, 3 Tp, "B" Sqn, who were under comd "D" Sqn 11th HUSSARS, at QUICKBORN, stopped a GERMAN staff car which arrived with a message stating that Adml DOENITZ was prepared to talk about the surrender of the GERMAN Armies facing 21 Army Grp.  
    This was reported back through the 11th HUSSARS and shortly afterwards Gen DEMPSEY himself arrived and rode for a short way on the Tp Ldr's Tk (2/Lt.PD MOLL).  An hour later the C-in-C of the GERMAN Army NORTH arrived and the whole cortege set off towards HAMBURG.  At 1600hrs orders were received that we were to spend the night in the same area.  Accordingly RHQ leaguered in HAMBURG at 501563; "A" Sqn leaguered at FUHISHUTTEL 576618; "C" Sqn at 452478; and "B" Sqn, less three tps, at 467550.  These three tps spent the night under comd of their respective Sqns of the 11th Hussars; 1 Tp at PIMMEBURG, 2 Tp at WEDEL, and 3 Tp at QUICKBORN.    
    At 1600hrs orders were received that the Regt was at one hr's notice to move as from 0700hrs on the following morning to the conc area WEST of the city.  At 2100hrs news of the capitulation of all the GERMAN forces in NORTH-WEST EUROPE was heard  over the BBC news.  This was followed by a British War Report radiated over the HAMBURG radio.  
501563  5 At 0630hrs orders were received that the Div would move forthwith to the DANISH frontier.  Just as the orders were being issued at RHQ giving details of the route, etc, instructions were received that the move was cancelled and that, instead, the Regt would move to the conc area that had been recce'd by the 2i/c the previous evening.    
    At 1015hrs the Regt moved out to the area 4469.  Order of March:- RHQ, Recce, "A", "C" and "B" Sqns.  Before the Regt left HAMBURG "A" Coy, 1 RB, conc and reverted to their own Regt.  The Regt arrived at its new location at 1200hrs, and RHQ was located at 446694 and the Sqns settled down in the immediate neighbourhood.  
446694  6 The day was spent in maintenance in preparation for any further move that might be ordered.  The Padre held church services and at 1200hrs the C.O. spoke to all ranks on the political situation as far as it affected the war, and the Div's possible future plans which were either to go to DENMARK or, failing that, to return to the RHINE.    
    The Div Comd and the Brigadier comd 131 Inf Bde visited the C.O. during the morning..  At 2130hrs a Warning Order was received from 131 Bde stating that the Bde was moving to the KIEL Canal area on the following day.  The locn of RHQ and Sqns remained unchanged.  
  7

The Regt was placed at one hr's notice as from 0700hrs to proceed to the KIEL Canal area.  At 1100hrs the C.O. went to Bde HQ for orders.  On his return it was with the news that GERMANY was signing a treaty of unconditional surrender with the three Allies and that this surrender would come into effect at 0001hrs on 9 May 45.

 
    The Regt moved at 1630hrs.  Order of March:- "A" Sqn, RHQ, Recce, "B" Sqn and "C" Sqn.  Route HASLOH 4363 – PIMMEBURG 3665 – ELMSHORN 2675 – ITZEHOE 1793 – WACKEN 0704.  The march was without incident and the Regt reached WACKEN at 2100hrs.  RHQ was situated in a farmhouse at 078049.  Orders were received from 131 Bde that there would be no move for the Bde on the following day which the BBC had already notified would be regarded as VE-Day.  Major JW GWYN, MC, left the Regt and Capt. RH AMES was promoted A/Major and took over comd of "A" Sqn.  
078049  8 As there was no move the morning was spent in maintenance.  At 1500hrs most men were able to listen to MR CHURCHILL'S broadcast from LONDON and, at 2100hrs, His Majesty the King broadcasting to the Empire.  

GSGS 4416

NEUMUNSTER

1:100,000

Appx

    The Regt had been issued with a Union Jack and this was flown from the biggest wireless aerial that could be erected.  List of Offrs serving with the Regt on this day is given in the Appx.  In the evening the Regt was ordered to move on the following day to the area FRIEDRICHSTADT 9352  
  9 The C.O. went forward with the Brigadier comd 131 Inf Bde to the area of FRIEDRICHSTADT early in the morning.  The Regt moved at 1015hrs and arrived in the new area at 1430hrs.  
    Order of March:- Recce, RHQ, "A", "B" and "C" Sqns.  Route – WACKEN 0704 – GOKELS 1314 – over the KIEL Canal to HEIDE 8823 – LUNDUN 8438 – FRIEDRICHSTADT 9352 – SCHWABSTEDT 0053.  RHQ and "A" Sqn were located at 002536; "B" Sqn in sp of 1/5 QUEENS at 845388; "C" Sqn in sp 2 DEVONS at 933539.  RHQ and "A" Sqn were in Bde reserve and "C" Sqn had the permanent task whilst in the area of providing a Check Post at the level crossing at 9312539 for the purpose of disarming tp-trains and directing stragglers to reception areas.  
    The Bde's role was to marshal, disarm, and, to a large extent, organise the movement of GERMAN military personnel into the TONNING Peninsula.  The intention was to seal off  the peninsula when it was full to capacity with GERMAN tps.  
002536  10 The day was spent in settling in to the new area.  2 Tp, "B" Sqn patrolled without incident the rd from rd junc 848370 – track junc 840365 – rd junc 827385 – rd junc 810370, thence on the main rd to LUNDUN.

GSGS 4416

HUSUM

1:100,000

  11 The day was spent in maintenance and interior economy.  
  12 The day was spent in maintenance and interior economy.  3 Tp, "B" Sqn patrolled to 817380.  An amn dump was destroyed near WESSELBURN 7725, and four GERMAN soldiers were captured who were trying to cross the River EIDER by ferry  
  13 The Padre held a Thanksgiving Service at the local church at 1100hrs which was well attended.  "C" Sqn provided one tp, sp a pl of 2 DEVONS, to visit the outlying villages with the purpose of disarming GERMAN tps and arresting SS men.  
    Route – MIDSTEDT 9561 – RANTRUM 9759 – OLDENSBECK 0059 – WINNERT 0257 – OSTENFELD 0460 – HOLLINGSTEDT 1059.  This patrol returned at 1900hrs having collected and destroyed approximately 2,500 rifles and machine-guns  
  14 Maintenance and interior economy was carried out.  A trade test was held for certain potential DMs AFV and Veh Mechs.  "C" Sqn sent out one patrol on a similar mission as on the day before.  The villages of DRAGE 9749, SUDERSTAPEL 0148, NORDERSTAPEL 0349, WOHLDE 0653, were visited.  SQMS RW WINCH, MM, received an immediate commission as 2/Lt.  The practise of Ceremonial Guard Mounting was recommenced.  
  15 Trade tests were carried out for some potential Wireless Operators.  A Tpr in "C" Sqn, during the course of the day, saw a "civilian" bicycling along the rd past the Sqn area, and, by careful interrogation discovered he was a Lt.Col in the SS.  "C" Sqn discovered a small enemy amn dump at 950542 and destroyed some twelve tons on amn.    
    Today was the first occasion on which the Regtl flag was flown in GERMANY since the day the Regt was engaged in the occupation of the RHINELAND after the Great War.  
  16 Maintenance and interior economy.  A conference was held on the tradesmen situation.  
  17 Maintenance and interior economy.  Orders were received from 131 Bde stating that "B" Sqn were no longer required by 1/5 QUEENS and arrangements were therefore made to bring the Sqn back nearer to RHQ in the area of HUDE 0252.  The C.O. inspected the tks of "A" and "C" Sqns during the course of the day.  
  18 "B" Sqn moved in the morning to HUDE 023528, and by the end of the day were well est in their new area.  The A2 Ech was disbanded and the vehs passed back to Sqn control as it had become increasingly obvious that, owing to the changed circumstances, it was not politic to keep this Ech in being any longer.  
  19

Maintenance and interior economy.  "C" Sqn was ordered by 2 DEVONS to provide a mobile patrol every other day to patrol the rd from the br at 942518 to the rd junc at 918574 with the object of preventing GERMAN Military personnel moving out of the TONNING Peninsula.  This patrol went out for two hours between the following times daily:- 0601–1200hrs, 1201-1800hrs, 1801-2359hrs and 0001-0600hrs.  This was over and above their original commitments.

 
  20 Church services were held as usual.  
  21 The day was observed as a whole holiday.  The weather showed signs of breaking and this detracted from the arrangements which had been made to run short trips on the river in a small GERMAN motor vessel.   
    In the evening a dance was held at RHQ which was very popular.  The female talent was assembled after careful inspection from the local DPs.  "C" Sqn made a routine patrol.  
  22 Maintenance and interior economy.  
  23 Maintenance and interior economy.  "C" Sqn carried out a routine patrol.  
  24 The C.O. made an adm tour of "A" Sqn.  In the evening the Regt was ordered to supply a Control Post at NORDERSTAPEL 0349, to assist in the marshalling, disarming and transit of PWs.  
    Although the Control Post was in 11 Armd Div area, the tpt was supplied by 7 Armd Div.  Lt Bellamy, MC, Recce Tp, was ordered to contact an LO who was already in the area, and arrangements were made by him to aid in the running of the Control Post, which was already in existence , on the following day.  
  25 "C" Sqn made their routine patrol.  The C.O. carried out an adm inspection of "B" Sqn.  A detachment of Recce Tp carried out its duties at the Control Post at NORDERSTAPEL where some 6,000 GERMANS were dealt with during the course of the day.  GOC 7 Armd Div lunched at RHQ and at 1400hrs addressed the Regt on the ops of the Div from the RHINE to the ELBE, on its present role, and prospects for the future.  
    The C.O. carried out an adm inspection of "C" Sqn.  The Recce detachment had another 5,000 to 6,000 PWs through their hands during the day.  
  26 At 1230hrs a warning order was received from 131 Bde stating that the Bde was handing over its present duties to 11 Armd Div at 290001B hrs and the Bde Gp would conc in the area SOUTH of the KIEL Canal on 29 May.  
  27 The Padre held Church Services.  "C" Sqn provided standing patrols for 22 hours as from 0900hrs with the object of preventing GERMAN military personnel moving out of the TONNING Peninsula.  
    The patrols were est at :- cross rds 917572, cross rds 906559, rd junc 902552, cross rds 919540, cross rds 924534.  Orders were received that the Regt would move on the following day instead of 29 May to conc area SOUTH of the KIEL Canal.  The Regt started to prepare for the move.  The C.O. attended a conference at 131 Inf Bde HQ at 1600hrs.  
  28 The Regt moved at 1045hrs to its new area.  Order of March:- "C" Sqn, RHQ, Recce, "A" Sqn, "B" Sqn, HQ Sqn including LAD detachment but less RHQ and Recce.  Route:- FRIEDRICHSTADT 9352 – LUNDEN 8438 – HEIDE 8823 – ALBERSDORF 0118 – br over the KIEL Canal at 044160 – GOKELS 1314 – SCHENEFELD 1407.   
    The journey was uneventful; and by the evening the Regt was well est as follows:- RHQ at AGETHORST 1104, with the whole of HQ Sqn; "A" Sqn at HUGE 1199, "B" Sqn at KAAKE 1301, and "C" Sqn at VAALE 0702.    
    It was not possible to conc the Regt more and the dispersion that existed was inevitable. The Regt had no op commitments and reverted under comd 22 Armd Bde whose role was to guard the line of the KIEL Canal from exclusive the br at 122218 SOUTH-WEST to where the Canal enters the River ELBE.  
  29 118043  The day was spent in interior economy in the new locn.

GSGS 4416

NEUMUNSTER

1:100,000

  30

Interior economy. 

Major RH AMES("A" Sqn) went on a preliminary recce to DENMARK as the Regt had been ordered to run a Divisional Leave Centre in that country in the near future.  It was proposed to carry out this task on a Sqn basis – each Sabre Sqn taking a month's tour in turn, commencing with "A" Sqn.

 
  31 Interior economy.  D & M and wireless classes were started.  

 

 

 

MAY 1945 - SUMMARY OF TANKS EVACUATED OR DESTROYED

 

SQN

ENEMY ACTION

MECHANICAL FAILURES

TOTALS

 

75/95

Chall

17 Pdr

37mm

Sherman 17 Pdr

75/95

Chall 17 Pdr

37mm

Sherman 17 Pdr

E.A.

M.F.

HQ

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

1

A

6

 

 

1

3

1

 

1

7

5

B

1

1

 

 

8

1

 

1

2

10

C

3

1

 

 

3

2

 

 

4

5

ALL

10

2

 

1

15

4

 

2

13

21

 

MAY 1945 – ANALYSIS OF PRINCIPAL DEFECTS ON TANKS

DEFECT

CROMWELL

CHALLENGER

REMARKS

Idler axles bent and/or idler bearings broken up

16

1

 

Clutch burnt out

 

4

 

PT Solenoid

N/A

5

Damage caused by water accumulating in compartment under turret.  Some improvement produced by drilling two drain holes and putting felt washer under lid.

Hydraulic System

4

3

Challenger – Pipe to clutch seems prone to split.

Sprocket shafts bent

3

 

Final drive output shaft broken up also'

PT Generator belts (sets)

 

3

Worn out very quickly

SEALS

Engine

Transmission

2

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

NOTE  These totals include defects rectified by unit veh Mechs.

 

 

 

TANKS WHOSE FAILURES WERE REPAIRED BY LAD

TANK NO

TYPE

SQN

DATE

REMARKS

T-272052

Challenger

A

29/3/45

Both idler shafts bent

T-188002

Cromwell

B

29/3/45

LH idler bearings collapsed, pressure vacuum faulty

T-271143

Stuart

HQ

2/4/45

Transmission warning light inoperative

T-271978

Challenger

B

3/4/45

Petrol leak

T-121807

Cromwell

C

4/4/45

Clutch plunger inoperative

T-121801

Cromwell

C

6/4/45

LH idler shaft bent

T-187665

Cromwell

B

7/4/45

RH idler bearings broken up

T-188475

Cromwell

HQ

7/4/45

Clutch plungers inoperative

T-463496

Sherman

A

7/4/45

2 Bogie wheels damaged

T-121797

Cromwell

A

8/4/45

2 Bogie wheels damaged

T-271913

Challenger

B

8/4/45

Cracked clutch hydraulic pipe.  PT solenoid faulty.

MG mechanism adjusted

T-188640

Cromwell

A

12/4/45

75mm gun buffer replaced (violent recoil)

T-188707

Cromwell

B

17/4/45

LH idler shaft bent

T-272053

Challenger

A

17/4/45

PT generator & solenoid inoperative

T-188347

Cromwell

HQ

18/4/45

Fan bearing broken up

T-187814

Cromwell

B

18/4/45

Overheating.  Brake fade

T-187951

Cromwell

C

19/4/45

Persistent blowing of oil out of crankcase breather. (partial cure- engine changed later)

T-188613

Cromwell

A

20/4/45

Oil leak. Radiators oily

T-272056

Challenger

A

23/4/45

PT solenoid faulty

T-188613

Cromwell

A

24/4/45

RH idler bearings broken up

T-120531

Cromwell

A

28/4/45

LH idler bent

T-188633

Cromwell

C

8/5/45

Bogie wheel bearings broken up

 

TANKS EVACUATED AS THE RESULT OF MECHANICAL FAILURE

NUMBER

TYPE

SQN

DATE

REMARKS

T-189458

Cromwell

B

28/3/45

Punctured petrol tank

T-188389

Cromwell

C

28/3/45

Both eccentric axles bent

T-263476

Sherman

B

1/4/45

Loss of power, clutch sticking

T-187771

Cromwell

B

3/4/45

Sprocket shaft bent

T-188002

Cromwell

B

4/4/45

Top seals (engine)

T-272056

Challenger

A

4/4/45

Clutch burnt out

T-271982

Challenger

C

5/4/45

Clutch burnt out

T-271968

Challenger

B

5//4/45

LH gearbox output seals leaking

T-188206

Cromwell

B

6//4/45

LH suspension collapsed

T-187951

Cromwell

A

7/4/45

Fanstays broken. Damaged radiator & oil tank. Faulty clutch plungers.

T-187660

Cromwell

HQ

13/4/45

Water leak from bottom seals (engine)

T188484

Cromwell

B

9/4/45

Loss of power. Radiators choked. Idler shaft bent

T-269956

Sherman

A

15/4/45

Engine loss of power. Self-starter u/s. check on 17pdr gun

T-188382

Cromwell

A

18/4/45

Gun buffer defective, gun damaged, sprocket shaft and idlers bent

T-187827

Cromwell

B

18/4/45

Oil tank leak. High mileage

T-187620

Cromwell

C

18/4/45

Bogie axle bent. High mileage

T-188236

Cromwell

C

18/4/45

Sprocket-shaft bent, high mileage and worn tracks

T-271954

Challenger

C

22/4/45

Clutch burnt out

T189774

ARV

B

23/4/45

High mileage. No power

T-189478

Cromwell

B

26/4/45

High mileage. No power

T-188707

Cromwell

B

8/5/45

Final drive bearings collapsed

T-188796

Cromwell

A

8/5/45

Ruptured clutch hydraulic pipe

 

TANKS DAMAGED BY ENEMY ACTION - REPAIRED BY REGT LAD & VEH MECHS

NUMBER

TYPE

SQN

DATE

REMARKS

T-189717

Cromwell

B

13/4/45

Damaged 75mm barrel changed

T-271979

Challenger

C

22/4/45

2 AP hits (partial penetration) on turret – welded up

T-271966

Challenger

C

22/4/45

HE hit on louver, damage to petrol and water pumps, water hoses pierced

T-187554

Cromwell

B

23/4/45

Bazooka hole in front plate welded up. New Swash pump and idler axle fitted. Petrol stoppage rectified. Brakes adjusted

T-188043

Cromwell

B

26/4/45

Damage caused by gun hitting road block. New valve box fitted and burred turret ring teeth cleaned up

 

TANKS EVACUATED OR DESTROYED AS THE RESULT OF ENEMY ACTION

NUMBER

TYPE

SQN

DATE

REMARKS

T-187631

Cromwell

A

30/3/45

Bazooka holes

T-188331

Cromwell

A

30/3/45

Brewed, fired by burning house, Bazooka hole

T-188350

Cromwell

A

30/3/45

Bazooka holes, suspension damaged

T-121805

Cromwell

A

1/4/45

Bazooka in turret, gun severely damaged

T-272052

Challenger

B

1/4/45

AP on front turret, no penetration but mantlet pushed back

T-272060

Challenger

C

5/4/45

Bazooka in turret, gun damaged, clutch also burnt out during recovery

T-188377

Cromwell

C

7/4/45

Numerous AP hits and penetrations. Semi-Brewed

T-188649

Cromwell

A

11/4/45

AP penetration turret, power traverse damaged

T-121801

Cromwell

C

11/4/45

Mine damage to LH hull floor, and suspension

T-188575

Cromwell

C

11/4/45

Bogged in enemy territory, damage by AP to suspension

T-121797

Cromwell

A

15/4/45

AP through glacis plate, complete brew

T-121785

Cromwell

B

15/4/45

Mine(?) severe damage to hull side and suspension. Brewed

T-263496

Sherman

A

21/4/45

Bazooka damage to suspension and hull.

AP hits but no penetration

 

 

REGIMENTAL ORDERS BY LT COL G.R.D.FITZPATRICK, MBE, MC, COMMANDING

VIIIth KING'S ROYAL IRISH HUSSARS

     
BLA

PART 1

8 MAY 1945


 

183.     SPECIAL ORDER OF THE DAY

 

The following signal has been received:-

 

"1] Representative of the GERMAN HIGH COMD signed the unconditional surrender of all the GERMAN land, sea and air forces in EUROPE to the ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY FORCES and simultaneously to the SOVIET HIGH COMD at 0141hrs Central European Time, 7 May, under which all forces will cease active operation at 0001Bhrs, 9 May.  2]  Effective immediately, all offensive operations by ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY FORCES will cease and troops will remain present posns – moves involved in occupational duties will continue.  Due to difficulties of communication there may be some delay in similar orders reaching enemy troops, so full defensive precautions will be taken.   (Sgd)  EISENHOWER."

 

                A.U.Case, Captain,
    Adjutant 8th K.R.I.Hussars
     

 

  SPECIAL ORDER OF THE DAY  
 

by

Major-General L.O.LYNE, CB., DSO.

Commander, 7th Armoured Division


 
     

(To be read out to all troops on parade)

 

           The war with Germany is won.  It has ended with the complete and final defeat and destruction of the German Armed Forces.

 

           No Division in the British Empire has contributed more to this result than the 7th Armoured Division.

 

           Through the long years of fighting in the Middle-East, in Tunisia, in Italy and throughout the campaign in North-West Europe, our Division has always been in the thick of it.

 

           Your rapid advance from the Rhine to the Elbe, and the hard fighting which made this possible, contributed very greatly to the brilliant success of the whole campaign.

 

           I wish to congratulate every Officer and man in the Division upon their fine achievements, and to thank them personally for their loyalty and un-flagging enthusiasm.

 

           Difficult days may lie ahead of us in the transition period from war to peace, but you will over-come these as you have over-come all difficulties in the past.

 

           It will be a great honour in the future to be able to say: "I was a Desert Rat"

 

 

(Sgd)

 
    L.O.LYNE
    Major-General
    Commander.
     
Main Headquarters,    
7 British Armoured Division    
     
7 May 1945.    

 

     

NOMINAL ROLE OF THE OFFICERS OF THE VIIIth KRI HUSSARS

     
 

As at 8 May 45.

 
     

PERS. No.

RANK

NAME

SQN

APPOINTMENT

REMARKS

53670

Lt.Col

GRD Fitzpatrick

MBE, MC

HQ

CO

 

P/50859

Major

PHV de Clermont

HQ

2i/c

 

137736

Major

DRWG Charlton

B

Sqn Ldr

 

137736

Major

HH Firth

C

Sqn Ldr

On leave in UK-LILOP

132782

Major

J Robertson

HQ

Sqn Ldr

Comd B Echelon

130879

Major

RH Ames

A

Sqn Ldr

 

117247

Capt

JAS Hepburn

C

2i/c Sqn

 

190453

Capt

CGJ Meade

B

2i/c Sqn

 

177318

Capt

AF McClintock

 

 

Detached – Div School

214507

Capt

AU Case

HQ

Adjt

Sigs Offr

232542

Capt

JN Lombard

C

 

 

269002

Capt

CJ Davies

HQ

Tech Offr

 

175142

Capt

D Rampf

HQ

Comd A2 Ech

(S A Tk Corps)

177300

Lt

AJ Hind

A

 

 

229261

Lt

MS Payne, MC

HQ

 

 

232707

Lt

RPG Dill

On leave in UK.  Previously att Tac HQ, Second Army, with rank of local Capt

264486

Lt

HT Pierson

HQ

 

On leave in UK

299518

Lt

GRCA Kirkham

C

 

 

267895

Lt

LG Bellamy MC

HQ

Comd Recce Tp

 

281942

Lt

PG Hartwright

HQ

Comd RHQ Tp

 

295460

Lt

FW Saxby

A

 

 

314988

Lt

SKB McClurg

B

 

 

315266

Lt

FDC Barnes

A

 

 

315643

Lt

AL Preston

B

 

 

335678

2/Lt

PD Moll

B

 

 

331755

2/Lt

FG Turner

HQ

I.O.

 

339253

2/Lt

CRP Anstey

C

 

 

339260

2/Lt

CC Kennedy

C

 

 

169570

Capt

CF Hedley

HQ

Q.M.

 

102408

Capt

JB Heycock

HQ

R.M.O.

(RAMC)

ATTACHED

 

 

 

 

 

173084

Capt

WBP Best

HQ

E.M.E.

(REME)

152336

CF4th

FL Hone

HQ

Padre

(RAChD)

 

     
MESSAGE FORM    
     
FROM:-   8H    
   
To (For Action)    
Os.C   A, B, C and HQ Sqns, RHQ, Recce, EME, Tech, MO  
     
     
To  (For infmn)    
2 Copies War Diary,   File    

Originator's No.

 

 

241 (.)     ORDERS (.) One (.) Information (.)  11 Armd Div and 8 AGRA are relieving 7 Brit Armd Div by 2900001 B (.) Two (.) 8H will pass under command 22 Armd Bde (.) Three (.) Intention (.) 8H will concentrate area ITZEHOE 1793 28 May 45 (.) Four (.) Duration of stay 10 days approx (.) Five (.) Method (.) Six (.) Order of march (.) C Sqn, RHQ, Recce, A Sqn B Sqn HQ Sqn less RHQ and Recce Det LAD (.) Seven (.) SP Bridge 940525 (.) Eight (.) Head at SP at 281115hrs (.) Nine (.) Route for C Sqn only to SP via X rds 924535 (.) Ten (.) C Sqn will NOT pass X rds 924535 until tail of D Sqn 11H has cleared that reference (.)  Eleven (.) RHQ will leave present area at 281050 B hrs (.) Twelve (.) Route (.) SP – LUNDUN 8438 – HEIDE 8823 – ALBERSDORF 0118 – br 044160 – GOKELS 1314 – ITZEHOE 1793 – thence as ordered (.) Thirteen (.) Wireless will open at 281000 B hrs – normal calls will be made at 280700 B 280800 B and 280900 B hrs (.) Fourteen (.) LAD less det will rejoin 8H as soon as practicable (.) Fifteen (.) 400 yds distance will be maintained between sub-units (.) Sixteen (.) VTM – 40


     
This message may be sent AS WRITTEN Originator's Instrs
By any means except Degree of Priority

Wireless

   
        SDR
     
Signed        AU Case  Capt.  
     

 

VIIIth KING’S ROYAL IRISH HUSSARS

Lt. Col G.R.D.FITZPATRICK, M.B.E. MC.

   
  SITUATION AT 2200HRS DAILY  
  May, 1945  
     

 

Date

Locations

Changes in Command

Approx Strength

 

PW

 

Weather

 

Occ

 

Visits

HQ

Sqns, Btys, Coys

Formation

Dets under Comd

Own tps detached

Men

Vehs

1

Elstorf 368388

C Sqn Daerstorf 3738

B Sqn Schwiedrestorf 3738

22 Armd Bde

K Bty 5 RHA

A Coy 1 RB

Nil

690

69

7

Wet

Ops & Trg

 

2

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

Nil

"

"

 

3

Linstorf 495390

"

131 Bde

A Coy 1 RB

"

"

"

"

Showers

Operations

 

4

Hamburg 501562

"

"

"

3 Tps B Sqn under comd 11 Hussars

688

"

"

Fair

"

 

5

Hasloh Area 446695

"

"

Nil

Nil

687

71

"

"

"

 

6

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

Wet

Conc

GOC 7 A.Div

7

Wacken 078049

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

Fair

Move

 

8

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

Fine

Conc

 

9

Schwabstadt 002537

B Sqn 888389

C Sqn 937539

"

"

"

686

69

"

"

Holding Area

 

10

2

"

"

"

"

691

69

"

"

"

 

11

"

"

"

"

"

690

"

"

"

"

 

12

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

 

13

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

 

14

"

"

"

"

"

687

"

"

"

"

 

15

"

"

"

"

"

689

"

"

"

"

 

16

"

"

"

"

"

687

"

"

"

"

 

17

"

"

"

"

"

686

"

"

"

"

 

18

"

B Sqn 023526

C Sqn 937539

"

"

"

"

66

"

"

"

 

19

"

"

"

"

"

706

"

"

"

"

 

20

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

 

21

Schwabstadt 002537

A Sqn 023526

C Sqn 937539

131 Bde

Nil

Nil

704

66

Nil

Fine

Holding Area

 

22

"

"

"

"

"

702

"

"

"

"

 

23

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

 

24

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

Fair

"

 

25

"

"

"

"

"

700

"

"

"

"

GOC

7 A.Div

26

"

"

"

"

"

699

"

"

"

"

 

27

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

Wet

"

 

28

Agethorst 118043

A Sqn 115000

B Sqn 140018

C Sqn 076021

22 Armd Bde

"

"

"

"

"

Fair

Move

 

29

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

Holding Area

 

30

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

 

31

"

"

"

"

"

705

"

"

"

"

 

 

 

June 1945

Commanding Officer: Lt.-Col. GRD FITZPATRICK, DSO, MBE, MC

Place Date Hour Summary of Events and Information References to Appendices
118044 1   On the first of the month the Regt was located as follows:- RHQ at AGETHORST 118044; "A" Sqn at HUJE 117097; "B" Sqn at KAAKS 138011; "C" Sqn at VAALE 077021.  The Regt was under comd 22 Armd Bde and had no op commitments. A certain number of D & M and Wireless Courses were being run and a serious attempt was being made to paint all the vehs in the Regt.  A large number of men had been selected to attend courses in the UK, at the Div School in Belgium and in other places 

GSGS 4416

NEUMUNSTER

1:100,000

  2   Painting, trg and interior economy.  
  3   At 1000hrs the Padre held a Church Service in HQ Sqn Recreation Room.  In the evening a dace was held in the same room and there was a large assembly.  News was received that the CO had been awarded the DSO.  
  4   Painting, trg and interior economy.  
  5   The Adjt, Capt AU.Case, left for the UK on privilege leave and Capt R.R.G. Dill took over his duties.  The CO assumed comd of 22 Armd Bde wef today on the departure of Brig ADR. WINGFIELD, DSO, to UK on leave and duty.  
  6  

Six COMET tks were collected by the Regt and allotted two per Sabre Sqn.  Suitable NCOs were already attending COMET instrs courses at the Div School and further nominations were made to fill future vacancies at these courses.

 
      This being the first anniversary of D-Day, Gen Dwight D.EISENHOWER directed that the day should be a holiday at the CO's discretion.  The Regt continued working throughout the morning except where organised recreation had already been planned.  The remainder of the day was observed as a holiday.  
  7   Painting of vehs and the Regtl Wireless Course for upgrading Dos to Class II standard continued.  
  8   Warning Order received from 22 Armd Bde stating that the Bde would be taking over the whole of KREIS STEINBURG in the near future with new areas of responsibility.  It was, however, noted that this would not necessitate a move by any section of the Regt.  Painting and routine trg continued.  Nine students left for D & M COMET courses and eight for COMET Gnry Courses at the Div School.  
  9   Op instruction received from Bde giving details of new areas of responsibility.  8H Op Instruction No.1 was prepared for issue on the following day.  
  10   Usual Church Services held during the morning by the Padre.  The following NCOs and men rejoined the Regt:-  Sgt. BARNETT, ex PYTHON;  Sgt. WALSH, wounded Aug 44 now discharged from hospital; Cpl. ARNOLD and Tpr. TASKER both ex-PW captured at SIDI-REZEGH; Tpr DAVIS (30) from hospital.  Sgt. BARNETT and Cpl. ARNOLD returned to "A" Sqn, Tpr TASKER and Tpr. DAVIS (30) to "B" Sqn, and Sgt. WALSH was retained in HQ Sqn as temporary Provost Sgt.  
  11   In compliance with 8H Op Instruction No.1, "A" Sqn discovered some amn and arms hidden in civilian houses and two prisoners were taken.  The continued bad state of the weather seriously restricted veh painting activities.  
  12   Orders were issued for "C" Sqn to carry out a patrol on 15 June into PW areas as shown on the att Appx.  
  13  

In consequence of a GERMAN Police report that armed Poles were operating in the area, 22 Armd Bde ordered 8H to investigate the area of the main rd ITZEHOE-LOCKSTEDTER LAGER.  A thorough search was made of the woods EAST of the main rd 2203 and WEST of the main rd 2004-2003-2103, but without result.

 
      The following were Mentioned-in-Despatches for gallant and distinguished service in North-West Europe:- Major RH AMES, Capt AU CASE, Sgt T SKARRAT  
  14  

At a Sqn Ldr's conference the Colonel informed those present that the task of running the DENMARK Rest Camp was now allotted to 5 RHA, and the Regt, with 11th Hussars, 3 RHA, and 131 Inf Bde, had been selected to go to BERLIN.

 
     

The move would take place in the near future and the Regt was to fulfil escort and guard duties over a period of about four weeks.Sqn Ldrs were told that they might inform all ranks of this project and, also, that the regulation appertaining to soldiers' wives was an entirely temporary arrangement.  8H took over duties of Mobile Reserve at 0900hrs and "A" Sqn was, consequently, placed at half-an-hour's notice to move.